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       gitcredentials - Providing usernames and passwords to Git


       git config credential. myusername
       git config credential.helper "$helper $options"


       Git will sometimes need credentials from the user in order to perform operations; for
       example, it may need to ask for a username and password in order to access a remote
       repository over HTTP. This manual describes the mechanisms Git uses to request these
       credentials, as well as some features to avoid inputting these credentials repeatedly.


       Without any credential helpers defined, Git will try the following strategies to ask the
       user for usernames and passwords:

        1. If the GIT_ASKPASS environment variable is set, the program specified by the variable
           is invoked. A suitable prompt is provided to the program on the command line, and the
           user’s input is read from its standard output.

        2. Otherwise, if the core.askPass configuration variable is set, its value is used as

        3. Otherwise, if the SSH_ASKPASS environment variable is set, its value is used as above.

        4. Otherwise, the user is prompted on the terminal.


       It can be cumbersome to input the same credentials over and over. Git provides two methods
       to reduce this annoyance:

        1. Static configuration of usernames for a given authentication context.

        2. Credential helpers to cache or store passwords, or to interact with a system password
           wallet or keychain.

       The first is simple and appropriate if you do not have secure storage available for a
       password. It is generally configured by adding this to your config:

           [credential ""]
                   username = me

       Credential helpers, on the other hand, are external programs from which Git can request
       both usernames and passwords; they typically interface with secure storage provided by the
       OS or other programs.

       To use a helper, you must first select one to use. Git currently includes the following

           Cache credentials in memory for a short period of time. See git-credential-cache(1)
           for details.

           Store credentials indefinitely on disk. See git-credential-store(1) for details.

       You may also have third-party helpers installed; search for credential-* in the output of
       git help -a, and consult the documentation of individual helpers. Once you have selected a
       helper, you can tell Git to use it by putting its name into the credential.helper

        1. Find a helper.

               $ git help -a | grep credential-

        2. Read its description.

               $ git help credential-foo

        3. Tell Git to use it.

               $ git config --global credential.helper foo


       Git considers each credential to have a context defined by a URL. This context is used to
       look up context-specific configuration, and is passed to any helpers, which may use it as
       an index into secure storage.

       For instance, imagine we are accessing When Git looks into a
       config file to see if a section matches this context, it will consider the two a match if
       the context is a more-specific subset of the pattern in the config file. For example, if
       you have this in your config file:

           [credential ""]
                   username = foo

       then we will match: both protocols are the same, both hosts are the same, and the
       "pattern" URL does not care about the path component at all. However, this context would
       not match:

           [credential ""]
                   username = foo

       because the hostnames differ. Nor would it match; Git compares hostnames
       exactly, without considering whether two hosts are part of the same domain. Likewise, a
       config entry for would not match: Git compares the protocols exactly.
       However, you may use wildcards in the domain name and other pattern matching techniques as
       with the http.<url>.* options.

       If the "pattern" URL does include a path component, then this too must match exactly: the
       context will match a config entry for (in addition to matching the config entry for but will not match a config entry for


       Options for a credential context can be configured either in credential.* (which applies
       to all credentials), or credential.<url>.*, where <url> matches the context as described

       The following options are available in either location:

           The name of an external credential helper, and any associated options. If the helper
           name is not an absolute path, then the string git credential- is prepended. The
           resulting string is executed by the shell (so, for example, setting this to foo
           --option=bar will execute git credential-foo --option=bar via the shell. See the
           manual of specific helpers for examples of their use.

           If there are multiple instances of the credential.helper configuration variable, each
           helper will be tried in turn, and may provide a username, password, or nothing. Once
           Git has acquired both a username and a password, no more helpers will be tried.

           If credential.helper is configured to the empty string, this resets the helper list to
           empty (so you may override a helper set by a lower-priority config file by configuring
           the empty-string helper, followed by whatever set of helpers you would like).

           A default username, if one is not provided in the URL.

           By default, Git does not consider the "path" component of an http URL to be worth
           matching via external helpers. This means that a credential stored for
  will also be used for If you
           do want to distinguish these cases, set this option to true.


       You can write your own custom helpers to interface with any system in which you keep

       Credential helpers are programs executed by Git to fetch or save credentials from and to
       long-term storage (where "long-term" is simply longer than a single Git process; e.g.,
       credentials may be stored in-memory for a few minutes, or indefinitely on disk).

       Each helper is specified by a single string in the configuration variable
       credential.helper (and others, see git-config(1)). The string is transformed by Git into a
       command to be executed using these rules:

        1. If the helper string begins with "!", it is considered a shell snippet, and everything
           after the "!" becomes the command.

        2. Otherwise, if the helper string begins with an absolute path, the verbatim helper
           string becomes the command.

        3. Otherwise, the string "git credential-" is prepended to the helper string, and the
           result becomes the command.

       The resulting command then has an "operation" argument appended to it (see below for
       details), and the result is executed by the shell.

       Here are some example specifications:

           # run "git credential-foo"
                   helper = foo

           # same as above, but pass an argument to the helper
                   helper = "foo --bar=baz"

           # the arguments are parsed by the shell, so use shell
           # quoting if necessary
                   helper = "foo --bar='whitespace arg'"

           # you can also use an absolute path, which will not use the git wrapper
                   helper = "/path/to/my/helper --with-arguments"

           # or you can specify your own shell snippet
           [credential ""]
                   username = your_user
                   helper = "!f() { test \"$1\" = get && echo \"password=$(cat $HOME/.secret)\"; }; f"

       Generally speaking, rule (3) above is the simplest for users to specify. Authors of
       credential helpers should make an effort to assist their users by naming their program
       "git-credential-$NAME", and putting it in the $PATH or $GIT_EXEC_PATH during installation,
       which will allow a user to enable it with git config credential.helper $NAME.

       When a helper is executed, it will have one "operation" argument appended to its command
       line, which is one of:

           Return a matching credential, if any exists.

           Store the credential, if applicable to the helper.

           Remove a matching credential, if any, from the helper’s storage.

       The details of the credential will be provided on the helper’s stdin stream. The exact
       format is the same as the input/output format of the git credential plumbing command (see
       the section INPUT/OUTPUT FORMAT in git-credential(1) for a detailed specification).

       For a get operation, the helper should produce a list of attributes on stdout in the same
       format (see git-credential(1) for common attributes). A helper is free to produce a
       subset, or even no values at all if it has nothing useful to provide. Any provided
       attributes will overwrite those already known about by Git’s credential subsystem.

       While it is possible to override all attributes, well behaving helpers should refrain from
       doing so for any attribute other than username and password.

       If a helper outputs a quit attribute with a value of true or 1, no further helpers will be
       consulted, nor will the user be prompted (if no credential has been provided, the
       operation will then fail).

       Similarly, no more helpers will be consulted once both username and password had been

       For a store or erase operation, the helper’s output is ignored.

       If a helper fails to perform the requested operation or needs to notify the user of a
       potential issue, it may write to stderr.

       If it does not support the requested operation (e.g., a read-only store), it should
       silently ignore the request.

       If a helper receives any other operation, it should silently ignore the request. This
       leaves room for future operations to be added (older helpers will just ignore the new


       Part of the git(1) suite