Provided by: sendmail-bin_8.15.2-22ubuntu2_amd64 bug


       makemap - create database maps for sendmail


       makemap  [-C file] [-N] [-c cachesize] [-d] [-D commentchar] [-e] [-f] [-l] [-o] [-r] [-s]
       [-t delim] [-u] [-v] maptype mapnam


       Makemap creates the database maps used by the keyed map lookups in sendmail(8).  It  reads
       input from the standard input and outputs them to the indicated mapname.

       Depending  on  how it is compiled, makemap handles up to three different database formats,
       selected using the maptype parameter.  They may be

       dbm    DBM format maps.  This requires the ndbm(3) library.

       btree  B-Tree format maps.  This requires the new Berkeley DB library.

       hash   Hash format maps.  This also requires the Berkeley DB library.

       In all cases, makemap reads  lines  from  the  standard  input  consisting  of  two  words
       separated  by  white  space.  The first is the database key, the second is the value.  The
       value may contain ``%n'' strings to indicate  parameter  substitution.   Literal  percents
       should be doubled (``%%'').  Blank lines and lines beginning with ``#'' are ignored.

       Notice:  do  not  use makemap to create the aliases data base, but newaliases which puts a
       special token into the data base that is required by sendmail.

       If the TrustedUser option is set in the sendmail configuration file and makemap is invoked
       as root, the generated files will be owned by the specified TrustedUser.

       -C     Use  the  specified  sendmail  configuration  file  for  looking up the TrustedUser

       -N     Include the null byte that terminates strings in the map.  This must match  the  -N
              flag in the ``K'' line.

       -c     Use the specified hash and B-Tree cache size.

       -D     Use  to  specify  the  character  to  use  to indicate a comment (which is ignored)
              instead of the default of '#'.

       -d     Allow duplicate keys in the map.  This is only allowed on B-Tree format  maps.   If
              two identical keys are read, they will both be inserted into the map.

       -e     Allow empty value (right hand side).

       -f     Normally  all  upper  case  letters in the key are folded to lower case.  This flag
              disables that behaviour.  This is intended to mesh with the -f flag in the  K  line
              in  The value is never case folded.

       -l     List supported map types.

       -o     Append to an old file.  This allows you to augment an existing file.

       -r     Allow  replacement  of  existing  keys.  Normally makemap complains if you repeat a
              key, and does not do the insert.

       -s     Ignore safety checks on maps being created.  This includes  checking  for  hard  or
              symbolic links in world writable directories.

       -t     Use the specified delimiter instead of white space (also for dumping a map).

       -u     dump (unmap) the content of the database to standard output.

       -v     Verbosely print what it is doing.


       sendmail(8), newaliases(1)


       The makemap command appeared in 4.4BSD.

                                   $Date: 2013-11-22 20:51:52 $                        MAKEMAP(8)