Provided by: ps2eps_1.68+binaryfree-3_amd64 bug


       ps2eps - convert PostScript to EPS (Encapsulated PostScript) files


       ps2eps [-f] [-q] [-N] [-O] [-n] [-P] [-c] [-C] [-m] [-B] [-E] [-s pagedim] [-t offset]
              [-r resolution] [-R +|-|^] [-l] [-g] [-H] [-d] [-h|--help] [-a] [-W] [-L]
              [-V|--version] [--] [psfile1] [psfile2] [...]


       This manual page documents ps2eps version 1.68.

       ps2eps is a tool (written in Perl) to produce Encapsulated PostScript Files (EPS/EPSF)
       from usual one-paged Postscript documents. It calculates correct Bounding Boxes for those
       EPS files and filters some special postscript command sequences that can produce erroneous
       results on printers. EPS files are often needed for including (scalable) graphics of high
       quality into TeX/LaTeX (or even Word) documents.

       Without any argument, ps2eps reads from standard input and writes to standard output. If
       filenames are given as arguments they are processed one by one and output files are
       written to filenames with extension .eps. If input filenames have the extension .ps or
       .prn, this extension is replaced with .eps. In all other cases .eps is appended to the
       input filename. Please note that PostScript files for input should contain only one single
       page (you can possibly use the psselect from the psutils package to extract a single page
       from a document that contains multiple pages).

       If BoundingBox in output seems to be wrong, please try options --size or --ignoreBB. See
       also section TROUBLESHOOTING.


       ps2eps follows the usual GNU command line syntax, with long options starting with two
       dashes (`-'). A summary of options is included below.

       -h, --help
           Show summary of options.

       -V, --version
           Show version of program.

       -f, --force
           Force overwriting existing files.  ps2eps will not overwrite files by default to avoid
           deleting original EPS files accidently.

       -q, --quiet
           quiet operation (no output while processing files, except errors).

       -N, --noinsert
           do not insert any postscript code. Normally a few postscript instructions are added
           around the original postscript code by ps2eps which can be turned off by this option.

       -O, --preserveorientation
           do not filter %%Orientation: header comment.

       -n, --nofix
           do not try to fix postscript code by filtering some instructions.

       -P, --removepreview
           remove preview image (smaller file, but no preview anymore).

       -F, --fixps
           fix postscript code unconditionally. Otherwise, filtering is usually triggered by
           detection of certain drivers only.

       -c, --comments
           preserve document structure comments.

       -C, --clip
           insert postscript code for clipping. Unless --nohires is specified, the
           HiResBoundingBox (enlarged by 0.1 points) is used for clipping.

       -m, --mono
           use black/white bitmap as base for calculation (default: off).

       -s, --size=pagedim
           where pagedim is a pre-defined standard page size (e.g., a4,a0,b0,letter,...) or
           explicitly specified in a format pagedim:=XxY[cm|in], where X and Y are numbers
           (floating points are accepted) followed by units centimeter (cm) or inch (in),
           (default: cm). Use --size=list to list pre-defined pagesizes. See also environment
           variable PS2EPS_SIZE.

       -t, --translate=x,y
           specify an x,y offset (may be negative) in postscript points (1/72 dpi) for drawing.
           This option may be required if your drawing has negative coordinates which usually
           lets ghostscript cut the negative part of your picture, because it starts to render at
           positive coordinates. The resulting output will also be shifted.

       -r, --resolution=dpi
           specify a resolution in dpi (dots per inch) for drawing under ghostscript. Default
           resolution is 144 dpi which is the double of the typical 72 dpi. This option may help
           if there is a hardware dependent resolution encoded in the postscript, e.g., 600dpi.
           Example: ps2eps -l -r 600

       -R, --rotate=direction
           This option rotates the resulting EPS output. The parameter direction determines the
           direction of rotation: + means +90 degrees (clockwise),- means -90 degrees
           (counter-clockwise), and ^ means 180 degrees (up-side down).

       -l, --loose
           expand the original tight bounding box by one point in each direction.

       -B, --ignoreBB
           do not use existing bounding box as page size for rendering.

       -E, --ignoreEOF
           do not use %%EOF as hint for end of file. Otherwise, ps2eps assumes that postscript
           code ends after the last %%EOF comment, because some drivers add trailing binary
           “garbage” code which gets deleted by ps2eps by default.

       -g, --gsbbox
           use internal bbox device of ghostscript instead of the external C program bbox. The
           internal bbox device of ghostscript generates different values (sometimes even
           incorrect), so using the provided bbox should be more robust. See also environment
           variable PS2EPS_GSBBOX.

       -H, --nohires
           do not generate a %%HiResBoundingBox comment for output.

       -a, --accuracy
           increase the accuracy by turning subsample antialiasing on (may be slower)

       -L, --license
           show licensing information.

       -d, --debuggs
           show ghostscript call. This may be helpful for solving problems that occur during a
           ghostscript call.

       -W, --warnings
           show warnings about sanity of generated EPS file. Certain postscript commands should
           not be contained in an EPS file. With this option set ps2eps will issue a warning if
           it detects at least one of them.


       Based on the given postscript source code (in most cases generated by some postscript
       printer driver) there are many potential obstacles or problems that may occur when trying
       to create proper EPS files. Please read this section carefully to be aware of common

   Incomplete/Clipped Images
       or how to determine the right size for ghostscript.

       If you have documents that are larger than your ghostscript default (usually A4 or US
       letter), you have to specify the page dimensions explicitly using the -s option. Otherwise
       your EPS might be cut off during rasterizing by ghostscript resulting in a wrongly
       calculated bounding box. You can pass all pre-defined page sizes to -s that ghostscript
       understands. These are currently: 11x17, ledger, legal, letter, lettersmall, archA, archB,
       archC, archD, archE a0, a1, a2, a3, a4, a5, a6, a7, a8, a9, a10, isob0, isob1, isob2,
       isob3, isob4, isob5, isob6, b0, b1, b2, b3, b4, b5, c0, c1, c2, c3, c4, c5, c6, jisb0,
       jisb1, jisb2, jisb3, jisb4, jisb5, jisb6, flsa, flse, halfletter. Unfortunately, all sizes
       are currently only available in portrait orientation (not landscape).

       By default, ps2eps uses an already given %%BoundingBox from the source file, which often
       corresponds to the size of the physical page format for which the document was printed.
       However, you should be aware that this already specified bounding box may be not correct,
       thus resulting in a wrongly cropped (or even no usable) .eps-file.  ps2eps can only do as
       good as ghostscript does in rendering the original postscript file (though ps2eps even
       works with negative and fractional values are contained in the original bounding box by
       using automatic translation). Therefore, if the given bounding box is to small or
       incorrect anyway, you can ignore the existing bounding box with the -B option, which will
       cause ghostscript to use its internal default size (or use -s). However, if the
       BoundingBox has negative coordinates, which is not allowed by the specification, ps2eps
       will shift the output to positive values.

       Hint: to avoid rotating the picture if you have the original drawing in landscape format,
       you may use the “Encapsulated Postscript” option in the printer driver which should
       generate an EPS file (but with a bounding box of the sheet size!). But some Windows
       printer drivers are drawing the image with an offset from the bottom of the portrait page,
       so that a part of it is drawn outside the landscape oriented page. In this case, you'll
       have to specify a square size of the page using the maximum length, e.g., 29.7cm x 29.7cm
       for an A4 page.

       or why gets some of my text deleted above the included .eps file?

       Some postscript drivers draw a white rectangle from the top left corner of the page to the
       right lower corner of the object. This may erase some or even all text above your
       imported/included EPS file, which is very annoying. In order to prevent this, most
       programs have a clipping option for imported .eps files (within LaTeX you can use
       \includegraphics*{}) for this purpose. If this is unfortunately not the case, you can use
       the -C option of ps2eps which will (hopefully) do it for you. Unfortunately, PScript.dll
       5.2 (Windows XP) introduced new very badly behaving Postscript code (initclip) which will
       even override the outer clipping! Thus, a new filter had to be installed in ps2eps which
       will fix it.

       However, because most programs clip directly on the bounding box, you still may loose some
       pixels of your image, because the bounding box is described in the coarse resolution of
       postscript points, i.e. 72 dpi. In order to prevent this, you can use the -l option or -C
       option (for the latter, clipping by the importing program should be disabled then) to
       allow for a 1 point larger bounding box.  -C clips around a 1 point enlarged bounding box
       and -l enlarges the bounding box values by 1 point (you can also combine both options).

   Included Filters
       Some postscript sequences, e.g., for using specific printer features (featurebegin ...),
       are not working well within an .eps file, so ps2eps tries to filter them out. But please
       note that filters for postscript code may not work properly for your printer driver
       (ps2eps was mainly tested with HP and Adobe printer drivers, although it may work for all
       printers using the PScript.dll). In this case you can try to turn of filtering by using
       option -n, or try to find the bad sequence in the postscript code and adapt the filter
       rule in the ps2eps script (variables $linefilter, $rangefilter_begin, $rangefilter_end;
       linefilter is an expression for filtering single lines, rangefilter_... are expressions
       that filter all lines between a pattern matching $rangefilter_begin and $rangefilter_end;
       drop me an e-mail with your modifications). However, things may change as the printer
       drivers (e.g., PScript.dll) or postscript language evolve.

       Some applications or drivers generate postscript code with leading or trailing binary
       code, which often confuses older postscript interpreters.  ps2eps tries to remove such
       code, but it may sometimes make a wrong guess about start and end of the real postscript
       code (drop me an e-mail with a zipped postscript source, see section BUGS).

       Comment lines or even blank lines are removed (which is the default to make .eps files
       smaller), which may corrupt your output. Please check the next section how to fix this.
       ps2eps removes blank lines and also <CR> (carriage ceturn “\r”) at the end of lines.
       However, nicely formatted postscript code gives a hint by using “%%BeginBinary”
       “%%EndBinary” comments. When ps2eps detects these comments it will refrain from any
       filtering action within the marked binary sections.

       ps2eps filters also %%Orientation: comments by default (you can use option -O to turn off
       filtering), because ghostscript may “automagically” rotate images when generating PDF
       images, which is not desired in most cases. Hint: you can turn off that feature in
       ghostscript unconditionally by specifying -dAutoRotatePages=/None.

   Corrupted Output
       Some postscript code may get corrupted when comment lines or even blank lines are removed
       (which is the default to make .eps files smaller), because those files may contain encoded
       images which also have a % as first character in a line or use a special comment as end of
       image delimiter. If this is the case, use the -c option to prevent filtering comments.

   Color and memory
       ps2eps supports colored postscript, consequently letting ghostscript consume more
       resources for drawing its bitmap (roughly 6MBytes for an A4 page).  bbox is reading the
       bitmap line by line so it consumes only minimal memory. If you experience problems with
       memory consumption of ghostscript, you may use the -m option for using a monochrome image.
       But this will probably result in wrongly determined bounding boxes with colored images,
       because ghostscript has to do black/white dithering and may thus suppress objects drawn in
       light colors.

       Another option in case of memory problems and too long run times is to use the much more
       memory efficient internal ghostscript bbox by using the -g option.


       Please note that a command line option always takes precedence over the related
       environment variable.

       The environment variable PS2EPS_SIZE can be used to specify a default page size and take
       any argument that --size accepts. Examples: export PS2EPS_SIZE=a0 (bash-like syntax) or
       setenv PS2EPS_SIZE letter (csh syntax).

       If the environment variable PS2EPS_GSBBOX is set the internal bbox device of ghostscript
       will be used instead of the external command bbox. Examples: export PS2EPS_GSBBOX=true
       (bash-like syntax) or setenv PS2EPS_GSBBOX 1 (csh syntax).


       The usual call is simply: ps2eps -l file

       A relatively failsafe call would be (if your postscript is smaller than iso b0 [100cm x
       141.4cm] and you have a fast computer with enough memory): ps2eps -l -B -s b0 -c -n file

       If output is not correct try: ps2eps -l -B -s b0 -F file


       ps2eps was written by Roland Bless.

       Other programs like ps2epsi do not calculate the bounding box always correctly (because
       the values are put on the postscript stack which may get corrupted by bad postscript code)
       or rounded it off so that clipping the EPS cut off some part of the image.  ps2eps uses a
       double precision resolution of 144 dpi and appropriate rounding to get a proper bounding
       box. The internal bbox device of ghostscript generates different values (sometimes even
       incorrect), so using the provided bbox should be more robust. However, because normal
       clipping has only a resolution of 1/72dpi (postscript point), the clipping process may
       still erase parts of your EPS image. In this case please use the -l option to add an
       additional point of white space around the tight bounding box.

       Some people contributed code or suggestions to improve ps2eps. Here are at least some
       names (sorry if I forgot your name): Christophe Druet, Hans Ecke, Berend Hasselman, Erik
       Joergensen, Koji Nakamaru, Hans Fredrik Nordhaug, Michael Sharpe. Special thanks goes to
       Michael Sharpe from UCSD who suggested a lot of useful features for ps2eps and who fixed
       bbox to become more precise and robust.

       An earlier version of this manual page was originally written by Rafael Laboissiere
       <rafael at> for the Debian system. Thank you Rafael!

       Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of
       the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.1 or any later version published by the Free
       Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts and no Back-Cover


       If you experience problems, please check carefully all hints in the section
       TROUBLESHOOTING first. Otherwise, check for an updated version at idm388 or send a gzipped
       file of relevant postscript source code with your error description and ps2eps version
       number to <roland at> (please allow some time to reply).


       bbox (1), gs (1), ps2epsi (1)


       Roland Bless


       Copyright © 2009 Roland Bless