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       msgget - get a System V message queue identifier


       #include <sys/types.h>
       #include <sys/ipc.h>
       #include <sys/msg.h>

       int msgget(key_t key, int msgflg);


       The msgget() system call returns the System V message queue identifier associated with the
       value of the key argument.  It may be used either to obtain the identifier of a previously
       created  message  queue (when msgflg is zero and key does not have the value IPC_PRIVATE),
       or to create a new set.

       A new message queue is created if key has the value IPC_PRIVATE or key isn't  IPC_PRIVATE,
       no message queue with the given key key exists, and IPC_CREAT is specified in msgflg.

       If  msgflg  specifies  both  IPC_CREAT and IPC_EXCL and a message queue already exists for
       key, then msgget() fails with errno set to EEXIST.  (This is analogous to  the  effect  of
       the combination O_CREAT | O_EXCL for open(2).)

       Upon creation, the least significant bits of the argument msgflg define the permissions of
       the message queue.  These permission bits have  the  same  format  and  semantics  as  the
       permissions  specified for the mode argument of open(2).  (The execute permissions are not

       If a new message queue is created,  then  its  associated  data  structure  msqid_ds  (see
       msgctl(2)) is initialized as follows:

       • msg_perm.cuid and msg_perm.uid are set to the effective user ID of the calling process.

       • msg_perm.cgid and msg_perm.gid are set to the effective group ID of the calling process.

       • The least significant 9 bits of msg_perm.mode are set to the least significant 9 bits of

       • msg_qnum, msg_lspid, msg_lrpid, msg_stime, and msg_rtime are set to 0.

       • msg_ctime is set to the current time.

       • msg_qbytes is set to the system limit MSGMNB.

       If the message queue already exists the permissions are verified, and a check is  made  to
       see if it is marked for destruction.


       If  successful,  the  return  value  will  be  the message queue identifier (a nonnegative
       integer), otherwise -1 with errno indicating the error.


       On failure, errno is set to one of the following values:

       EACCES A message queue exists for key, but the calling process does not have permission to
              access  the  queue,  and  does  not  have  the CAP_IPC_OWNER capability in the user
              namespace that governs its IPC namespace.

       EEXIST IPC_CREAT and IPC_EXCL were specified in msgflg, but a message queue already exists
              for key.

       ENOENT No message queue exists for key and msgflg did not specify IPC_CREAT.

       ENOMEM A  message  queue  has to be created but the system does not have enough memory for
              the new data structure.

       ENOSPC A message queue has to be created but the system limit for the  maximum  number  of
              message queues (MSGMNI) would be exceeded.


       POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008, SVr4.


       The  inclusion  of <sys/types.h> and <sys/ipc.h> isn't required on Linux or by any version
       of POSIX.  However, some old implementations required the inclusion of these header files,
       and  the  SVID  also  documented their inclusion.  Applications intended to be portable to
       such old systems may need to include these header files.

       IPC_PRIVATE isn't a flag field but a key_t type.  If this special value is used  for  key,
       the  system call ignores everything but the least significant 9 bits of msgflg and creates
       a new message queue (on success).

       The following is a system limit on message queue resources affecting a msgget() call:

       MSGMNI System-wide limit on the number of message queues.  Before Linux 3.19, the  default
              value  for  this  limit  was  calculated  using a formula based on available system
              memory.  Since Linux 3.19, the default value is 32,000.  On Linux, this  limit  can
              be read and modified via /proc/sys/kernel/msgmni.

   Linux notes
       Until version 2.3.20, Linux would return EIDRM for a msgget() on a message queue scheduled
       for deletion.


       The name choice IPC_PRIVATE was perhaps unfortunate, IPC_NEW would more clearly  show  its


       msgctl(2), msgrcv(2), msgsnd(2), ftok(3), capabilities(7), mq_overview(7), sysvipc(7)


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