Provided by: postfix_3.6.4-1ubuntu1.3_amd64 bug


       qshape - Print Postfix queue domain and age distribution


       qshape [-s] [-p] [-m min_subdomains]
               [-b bucket_count] [-t bucket_time]
               [-l] [-w terminal_width]
               [-N batch_msg_count] [-n batch_top_domains]
               [-c config_directory] [queue_name ...]


       The   qshape  program  helps  the  administrator  understand  the  Postfix  queue  message
       distribution in time and by sender domain or recipient  domain.  The  program  needs  read
       access  to  the  queue directories and queue files, so it must run as the superuser or the
       mail_owner specified in (typically postfix).


       -s     Display  the  sender  domain  distribution  instead   of   the   recipient   domain
              distribution.   By  default  the  recipient distribution is displayed. There can be
              more recipients than messages, but as each message has only one sender, the  sender
              distribution is a message distribution.

       -p     Generate  aggregate statistics for parent domains. Top level domains are not shown,
              nor are domains with fewer than min_subdomains  subdomains.  The  names  of  parent
              domains are shown with a leading dot, (e.g.

       -m min_subdomains
              When  used  with  the  -p option, sets the minimum subdomain count needed to show a
              separate line for a parent domain. The default is 5.

       -b bucket_count
              The age distribution is broken up  into  a  sequence  of  geometrically  increasing
              intervals. This option sets the number of intervals or "buckets". Each bucket has a
              maximum queue age that is twice as large as that of the previous bucket.  The  last
              bucket has no age limit.

       -t bucket_time
              The age limit in minutes for the first time bucket. The default value is 5, meaning
              that the first bucket counts messages between 0 and 5 minutes old.

       -l     Instead of using a geometric age sequence, use a  linear  age  sequence,  in  other
              words simple multiples of bucket_time.

              This feature is available in Postfix 2.2 and later.

       -w terminal_width
              The  output  is  right  justified, with the counts for the last bucket shown on the
              80th column, the terminal_width can be adjusted for  wider  screens  allowing  more
              buckets to be displayed without truncating the domain names on the left. When a row
              for a full domain name and its counters does not fit in  the  specified  number  of
              columns,  only  the  last  17  bytes  of  the domain name are shown with the prefix
              replaced by a '+' character.  Truncated  parent  domain  rows  are  shown  as  '.+'
              followed  by  the  last 16 bytes of the domain name. If this is still too narrow to
              show the domain name and all the counters, the terminal_width limit is violated.

       -N batch_msg_count
              When the  output  device  is  a  terminal,  intermediate  results  are  shown  each
              "batch_msg_count"  messages. This produces usable results in a reasonable time even
              when the deferred queue is large. The default is to show intermediate results every
              1000 messages.

       -n batch_top_domains
              When  reporting  intermediate  or final results to a termainal, report only the top
              "batch_top_domains" domains. The default limit is 20 domains.

       -c config_directory
              The configuration file is in the named directory  instead  of  the  default
              configuration directory.


              By  default  qshape  displays  the combined distribution of the incoming and active
              queues. To display a different set of queues, just list their  directory  names  on
              the command line.  Absolute paths are used as is, other paths are taken relative to
              the queue_directory parameter setting.  While supports the  use  of
              $variable  expansion in the definition of the queue_directory parameter, the qshape
              program does not. If you  must  use  variable  expansions  in  the  queue_directory
              setting,  you  must  specify  an explicit absolute path for each queue subdirectory
              even if you want the default incoming and active queue distribution.


       mailq(1), List all messages in the queue.
       QSHAPE_README Examples and background material.


       $config_directory/, Postfix installation parameters.
       $queue_directory/maildrop/, local submission directory.
       $queue_directory/incoming/, new message queue.
       $queue_directory/hold/, messages waiting for tech support.
       $queue_directory/active/, messages scheduled for delivery.
       $queue_directory/deferred/, messages postponed for later delivery.


       The Secure Mailer license must be distributed with this software.


       Victor Duchovni
       Morgan Stanley