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       pthread_setaffinity_np, pthread_getaffinity_np - set/get CPU affinity of a thread


       #define _GNU_SOURCE             /* See feature_test_macros(7) */
       #include <pthread.h>

       int pthread_setaffinity_np(pthread_t thread, size_t cpusetsize,
                                  const cpu_set_t *cpuset);
       int pthread_getaffinity_np(pthread_t thread, size_t cpusetsize,
                                  cpu_set_t *cpuset);

       Compile and link with -pthread.


       The  pthread_setaffinity_np()  function sets the CPU affinity mask of the thread thread to
       the CPU set pointed to by cpuset.  If the call  is  successful,  and  the  thread  is  not
       currently running on one of the CPUs in cpuset, then it is migrated to one of those CPUs.

       The  pthread_getaffinity_np()  function returns the CPU affinity mask of the thread thread
       in the buffer pointed to by cpuset.

       For more details on CPU affinity masks, see sched_setaffinity(2).  For a description of  a
       set of macros that can be used to manipulate and inspect CPU sets, see CPU_SET(3).

       The  argument  cpusetsize  is  the  length  (in bytes) of the buffer pointed to by cpuset.
       Typically, this argument would be specified as sizeof(cpu_set_t).  (It may be  some  other
       value, if using the macros described in CPU_SET(3) for dynamically allocating a CPU set.)


       On success, these functions return 0; on error, they return a nonzero error number.


       EFAULT A supplied memory address was invalid.

       EINVAL (pthread_setaffinity_np())  The  affinity bit mask mask contains no processors that
              are currently physically on the system and permitted to the thread according to any
              restrictions that may be imposed by the "cpuset" mechanism described in cpuset(7).

       EINVAL (pthread_setaffinity_np())  cpuset  specified  a  CPU  that  was  outside  the  set
              supported by the kernel.  (The kernel configuration option  CONFIG_NR_CPUS  defines
              the range of the set supported by the kernel data type used to represent CPU sets.)

       EINVAL (pthread_getaffinity_np()) cpusetsize is smaller than the size of the affinity mask
              used by the kernel.

       ESRCH  No thread with the ID thread could be found.


       These functions are provided by glibc since version 2.3.4.


       For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).

       │InterfaceAttributeValue   │
       │pthread_setaffinity_np(), │ Thread safety │ MT-Safe │
       │pthread_getaffinity_np()  │               │         │


       These  functions  are  nonstandard GNU extensions; hence the suffix "_np" (nonportable) in
       the names.


       After a call to pthread_setaffinity_np(), the  set  of  CPUs  on  which  the  thread  will
       actually  run  is the intersection of the set specified in the cpuset argument and the set
       of CPUs actually present on the system.  The system may further restrict the set  of  CPUs
       on  which  the thread runs if the "cpuset" mechanism described in cpuset(7) is being used.
       These restrictions on the actual set of CPUs on which the thread  will  run  are  silently
       imposed by the kernel.

       These    functions    are   implemented   on   top   of   the   sched_setaffinity(2)   and
       sched_getaffinity(2) system calls.

       In glibc 2.3.3 only, versions of these  functions  were  provided  that  did  not  have  a
       cpusetsize  argument.   Instead  the CPU set size given to the underlying system calls was
       always sizeof(cpu_set_t).

       A new thread created by pthread_create(3) inherits a copy of its  creator's  CPU  affinity


       In  the  following  program,  the main thread uses pthread_setaffinity_np() to set its CPU
       affinity mask to include CPUs 0 to 7 (which may not all be available on the  system),  and
       then  calls  pthread_getaffinity_np()  to  check  the  resulting  CPU affinity mask of the

       #define _GNU_SOURCE
       #include <pthread.h>
       #include <stdio.h>
       #include <stdlib.h>
       #include <errno.h>

       #define handle_error_en(en, msg) \
               do { errno = en; perror(msg); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); } while (0)

       main(int argc, char *argv[])
           int s;
           cpu_set_t cpuset;
           pthread_t thread;

           thread = pthread_self();

           /* Set affinity mask to include CPUs 0 to 7 */

           for (int j = 0; j < 8; j++)
               CPU_SET(j, &cpuset);

           s = pthread_setaffinity_np(thread, sizeof(cpuset), &cpuset);
           if (s != 0)
               handle_error_en(s, "pthread_setaffinity_np");

           /* Check the actual affinity mask assigned to the thread */

           s = pthread_getaffinity_np(thread, sizeof(cpuset), &cpuset);
           if (s != 0)
               handle_error_en(s, "pthread_getaffinity_np");

           printf("Set returned by pthread_getaffinity_np() contained:\n");
           for (int j = 0; j < CPU_SETSIZE; j++)
               if (CPU_ISSET(j, &cpuset))
                   printf("    CPU %d\n", j);



       sched_setaffinity(2),   CPU_SET(3),    pthread_attr_setaffinity_np(3),    pthread_self(3),
       sched_getcpu(3), cpuset(7), pthreads(7), sched(7)


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