Provided by: apt-listchanges_3.24_all bug


       apt-listchanges - Show new changelog entries from Debian package archives


       apt-listchanges [[options...]] {[--apt] | [package.deb...]}


       apt-listchanges is a tool to show what has been changed in a new version of a Debian
       package, as compared to the version currently installed on the system.

       It does this by extracting the relevant entries from both the NEWS.Debian and
       changelog[.Debian] files, usually found in /usr/share/doc/package, from Debian package

       Please note that in the default installation if apt-listchanges is run during upgrades as
       an APT plugin, it displays NEWS.Debian entries only. This can be changed with the --which

       If changelog entries are displayed and the package does not contain changelog[.Debian]
       file, apt-listchanges calls apt-get changelog command to download the changelog from
       network. This behavior can be disabled with the --no-network option.

       Given a set of filenames as arguments (or read from apt when using --apt), apt-listchanges
       will scan the files (assumed to be Debian package archives) for the relevant changelog
       entries, and display them all in a summary grouped by source package. The groups are
       sorted by the urgency of the most urgent change, and than by the package name. Changes
       within each package group are displayed in the order of their appearance in the changelog
       files, i.e. starting from the latest to the oldest; the --reverse option can be used to
       alter this order.


       apt-listchanges provides the following options to control its behavior. Most of them have
       their equivalent entries in the configuration file, see the "CONFIGURATION FILE" below for

           Read filenames from a specially-formatted pipeline (as provided by apt), rather than
           from command line arguments, and honor certain apt-specific options in the config
           file. This pipeline must be in "version 2" format, specified in the apt configuration.

       -v, --verbose
           Display additional (usually unwanted) information. For instance, print a message when
           a package of the same or older version is to be installed, or when a package is to be
           newly installed.

       -f, --frontend
           Select which frontend to use to display information to the user. Current frontends

               Uses sensible-pager(1) command to display output. The command uses PAGER
               environment variable to choose your favourite pager. The "pager" option may be
               specified in the configuration file to select a specific pager for use with

               Displays an HTML-formatted changelog with hyperlinks for bugs and email addresses
               using the sensible-browser(1) command that examines BROWSER environment variable
               to choose your favourite browser. The "browser" option may be specified in the
               configuration file to select a specific browser for use with apt-listchanges.

               Uses your favorite pager to display output, but does so in an xterm (using the
               x-terminal-emulator alternative) in the background. This allows you to go on with
               the upgrade if you like, and continue to browse the changelogs. You can override
               the terminal emulator to be used with the "xterm" configuration option.

               The logical combination of xterm-pager and browser. Only appropriate for text-mode

               Dumps output to stdout, with no pauses.

               Dumps output to syslog. Disabling the titled option is recommended.

               Appends output to a log file, with an optional filter process. Disabling the
               titled option is recommended.

               Sends mail to the address specified with --email-address, and does not display

               Spawns a gtk window to display the changelogs. Needs python3-gi to be installed.

               Does nothing. Can be used to prevent apt-listchanges from running when configured
               to run automatically from apt.

           Please note that apt-listchanges will try to switch to an unprivileged user before
           spawning commands in "browser", "xterm-browser", and "xterm-pager" frontends. However
           this currently does not apply to the "pager" frontend. See also "ENVIRONMENT
           VARIABLES" below.

           In addition to displaying it, mail a copy of the changelog data to the specified
           address. To only mail changelog entries, use this option with the special frontend

           If sending mail copies is enabled (see --email-address above), this option selects
           whether the mail should be sent as an old good plain text data (which is the default
           behavior), or as html data with clickable links, which might be more convenient for
           people using graphical mail clients.

       -c, --confirm
           Once changelogs have been displayed, ask the user whether or not to proceed. If the
           user chooses not to proceed, a nonzero exit status will be returned, and apt will

       -a, --show-all
           Rather than trying to display changelog entries that are newer than the currently
           installed version of the package, simply display all changelog entries for all
           packages. This is useful for viewing the entire changelog of a .deb before extracting

       -n, --no-network
           In rare cases when a binary package (or to be more precise: none of the binary
           packages built from the same source package that are processed together as a group)
           does not contain a changelog file, apt-listchanges by default executes apt-get
           changelog to download changelogs from the network servers usually provided by your
           operating system distribution. This option will disable this behavior, what might be
           useful for example for systems behind a firewall.

           This option will cause apt-listchanges to keep track of the last version of a package
           for which changelogs have been displayed, to avoid redisplaying the same changelogs in
           a future invocation. The database is stored in the named file. Specify 'none' to
           disable this feature.

           Display the contents of the seen database to standard output as a list of lines
           consisting of source package name and its latest seen version, separated by space.
           This option requires the path to the seen database to be known: please either specify
           it using --save-seen option or pass --profile=apt option to have it read from the
           configuration file.

           This option will cause apt-listchanges to show the entries later than the specified
           version. With this option, the only other argument you can pass is the path to a .deb

           This option will cause apt-listchanges to show only the latest N entries. With this
           option, the only other argument you can pass is the path to a .deb file.

           This option selects whether news (from NEWS.Debian et al.), changelogs (from
           changelog.Debian et al.) or both should be displayed. The default is to display only

           Displays syntax information.

       -h, --headers
           These options will cause apt-listchanges to insert a header before each package's
           changelog showing the name of the package, and the names of the binary packages which
           are being upgraded (if there is more than one, or it differs from the source package

           Display some debugging information.

           Select an option profile.  name corresponds to a section in /etc/apt/listchanges.conf.
           The default when invoked from apt is "apt", and "cmdline" otherwise.

           Select the file appended to by the log frontend. The default is
           /var/log/apt/listchanges.log. The filter command option can be used to modify the
           output before it is appended to the log file. Please ensure that you setup log
           rotation for this file.

           Select the command used to filter output before it is appended to the log file by the
           log frontend. stdin will receive the apt-listchanges output and stdout will be
           appended to the log file. Separate arguments with spaces and quote arguments
           containing spaces. The command will not be run using the shell unless the shell is
           included in the command: sh -c 'date ; cat'

           Show the changelog entries in reverse order.

       --ignore-apt-assume, --ignore-debian-frontend
           Disable forcing non-interactive frontend in some of the cases described in the
           "AUTOMATIC FRONTEND OVERRIDE" section below.

       --titled, --untitled
           Enable or disable the title at the beginning of the output.

           Choose frontend interactively. This option is mainly for testing purposes, please do
           not use it.


       For a better integration with existing package management tools, apt-listchanges tries to
       detect if package upgrades are done in a non-interactive way, and automatically switches
       its frontend to 'text' when any of the following conditions is satisfied:

       •   the standard output is not connected to terminal;

       •   the --quiet (-q) option is given to apt-get(8) (or aptitude(8)); note however that
           when the option is used more than once, apt-listchanges switches the frontend to

       •   the --assume-yes (-y) option is given to apt-get(8);

       •   the DEBIAN_FRONTEND environment variable is set to "noninteractive", and
           APT_LISTCHANGES_FRONTED is not set.

       For backward compatibility purposes the last two of the above checks can be disabled
       either with "ignore_apt_assume=true" or "ignore_debian_frontend=true" configuration file
       entries (see "CONFIGURATION FILE" below) or by using the command line options:
       --ignore-apt-assume or --ignore-debian-frontend.

       Please also note that the "mail" frontend is already non-interactive one, so it is never
       switched to the "text" frontend.

       Additionally apt-listchanges overrides X11-based frontends ("gtk", "xterm-pager",
       "xterm-browser") with "pager" (or "browser" in case of "xterm-browser") when the
       environment variable DISPLAY is not set.

       Please note that these silent frontends are not subject to the overrides: syslog log


       apt-listchanges reads its configuration from the /etc/apt/listchanges.conf. The file
       consists of sections with names enclosed in the square brackets. Each section should
       contain lines in the key=value format. Lines starting with the "#" sign are treated as
       comments and ignored. Files named name.conf in the /etc/apt/listchanges.conf.d directory
       are also read in the same way and override values set in the main configuration file.

       Section is a name of profile that can be used as parameter of the --profile option.

       The configuration of the "apt" section can be managed by debconf(7), and most of the
       settings there can be changed with the help of the dpkg-reconfigure apt-listchanges

       Key is a name of some command-line option (except for --apt, --profile, --help) with the
       initial hyphens removed, and the remaining hyphens translated to underscores, for example:
       "email_format" or "save_seen".

       Value represents the value of the corresponding option. For command-line options that do
       not take argument, like "confirm" or "headers", the value should be set either to "1",
       "yes", "true", and "on" in order to enable the option, or to "0", "no", "false", and "off"
       to disable it.

       Additionally key can be one of the following keywords: "browser", "pager" or "xterm". The
       value of such configuration entry should be the name of an appropriate command, eventually
       followed by its arguments, for example: "pager=less -R".

       Example 1. Example configuration file




       The above configuration file specifies that in command-line mode, the default frontend
       should be "pager". In apt mode, the xterm-pager frontend is default, a copy of the
       changelogs (if any) should be emailed to root, and apt-listchanges should ask for
       confirmation. If apt-listchanges is invoked with --profile=custom, the browser frontend
       will be used, and invoke mozilla.


           Frontend to use.

           The value of the first existing of the above variables will be used as the name of
           user to switch to when running commands spawned by the "browser", "xterm-browser", and
           "xterm-pager" frontends if apt-listchanges is started by a privileged user.

           If set to "noninteractive", then it can force apt-listchanges to use non-interactive
           frontend, see the "AUTOMATIC FRONTEND OVERRIDE" section for details.

           Used by the browser frontend, should be set to a command expecting a file: URL for an
           HTML file to display.

           Used by the pager frontend.

           File descriptor to read package names from in the --apt mode. (Apt is expected to set
           this variable to a proper file descriptor number).


           Configuration file.

           Configuration file override files.

           File used for registering apt-listchanges into apt system.

           Database used for save-seen.


       apt-listchanges was written by Matt Zimmerman <>

       The current maintainer is Robert Luberda <>


       sensible-pager(1), sensible-browser(1), apt-get(8), aptitude(8)