Provided by: borgbackup_1.2.2-1_amd64 bug


       borg-upgrade - upgrade a repository from a previous version


       borg [common options] upgrade [options] [REPOSITORY]


       Upgrade an existing, local Borg repository.

   When you do not need borg upgrade
       Not every change requires that you run borg upgrade.

       You do not need to run it when:

       • moving your repository to a different place

       • upgrading to another point release (like 1.0.x to 1.0.y), except when noted otherwise in
         the changelog

       • upgrading from 1.0.x to 1.1.x, except when noted otherwise in the changelog

   Borg 1.x.y upgrades
       Use borg upgrade --tam REPO to require manifest authentication introduced with Borg  1.0.9
       to address security issues. This means that modifying the repository after doing this with
       a version prior to 1.0.9 will raise a validation error, so only perform this upgrade after
       updating all clients using the repository to 1.0.9 or newer.

       This upgrade should be done on each client for safety reasons.

       If  a  repository is accidentally modified with a pre-1.0.9 client after this upgrade, use
       borg upgrade --tam --force REPO to remedy it.

       If you routinely do this you might not want to enable this upgrade (which will  leave  you
       exposed  to  the  security  issue).  You  can  reverse the upgrade by issuing borg upgrade
       --disable-tam REPO.

       for details.

   Attic and Borg 0.xx to Borg 1.x
       This currently supports converting an  Attic  repository  to  Borg  and  also  helps  with
       converting Borg 0.xx to 1.0.

       Currently, only LOCAL repositories can be upgraded (issue #465).

       Please  note that borg create (since 1.0.0) uses bigger chunks by default than old borg or
       attic did, so the new chunks won't  deduplicate  with  the  old  chunks  in  the  upgraded
       repository.  See --chunker-params option of borg create and borg recreate.

       borg  upgrade  will change the magic strings in the repository's segments to match the new
       Borg magic strings. The keyfiles found in $ATTIC_KEYS_DIR or ~/.attic/keys/ will  also  be
       converted and copied to $BORG_KEYS_DIR or ~/.config/borg/keys.

       The  cache files are converted, from $ATTIC_CACHE_DIR or ~/.cache/attic to $BORG_CACHE_DIR
       or ~/.cache/borg, but the cache layout between Borg and Attic changed, so it  is  possible
       the first backup after the conversion takes longer than expected due to the cache resync.

       Upgrade  should  be able to resume if interrupted, although it will still iterate over all
       segments. If you want to start from scratch, use borg delete over the copied repository to
       make sure the cache files are also removed:

          borg delete borg

       Unless  --inplace  is  specified,  the  upgrade process first creates a backup copy of the
       repository, in REPOSITORY.before-upgrade-DATETIME, using hardlinks.   This  requires  that
       the repository and its parent directory reside on same filesystem so the hardlink copy can
       work.  This takes longer than in place upgrades, but is  much  safer  and  gives  progress
       information  (as  opposed  to cp -al). Once you are satisfied with the conversion, you can
       safely destroy the backup copy.

       WARNING: Running the upgrade in place will make  the  current  copy  unusable  with  older
       version,  with no way of going back to previous versions. This can PERMANENTLY DAMAGE YOUR
       REPOSITORY!  Attic CAN NOT READ BORG REPOSITORIES, as the magic strings have changed.  You
       have been warned.


       See borg-common(1) for common options of Borg commands.

              path to the repository to be upgraded

   optional arguments
       -n, --dry-run
              do not change repository

              rewrite  repository in place, with no chance of going back to older versions of the

              Force upgrade

       --tam  Enable manifest authentication (in key and cache) (Borg 1.0.9 and later).

              Disable manifest authentication (in key and cache).


          # Upgrade the borg repository to the most recent version.
          $ borg upgrade -v /path/to/repo
          making a hardlink copy in /path/to/repo.before-upgrade-2016-02-15-20:51:55
          opening attic repository with borg and converting
          no key file found for repository
          converting repo index /path/to/repo/index.0
          converting 1 segments...
          converting borg 0.xx to borg current
          no key file found for repository

   Upgrading a passphrase encrypted attic repo
       attic offered a "passphrase" encryption mode,  but  this  was  removed  in  borg  1.0  and
       replaced  by the "repokey" mode (which stores the passphrase-protected encryption key into
       the repository config).

       Thus, to upgrade a "passphrase" attic repo to a "repokey" borg repo, 2 steps  are  needed,
       in this order:

       • borg upgrade repo

       • borg key migrate-to-repokey repo




       The Borg Collective

                                            2022-08-20                            BORG-UPGRADE(1)