Provided by: netpbm_10.97.00-2_amd64 bug


       cameratopam - convert raw camera image to PAM




       [-identify_only]   [-quick_interpolate]  [-half_size]  [-four_color_rgb]  [-document_mode]
       [-balance_auto]       [-balance_camera]       [-red_scale=float]       [-blue_scale=float]
       [-brightness=fraction] [-no_clip_color] [-rgb] [-secondary] [-linear] [-verbose]

       All  options  can be abbreviated to their shortest unique prefix.  You may use two hyphens
       instead of one to designate an option.  You may use either white space or an  equals  sign
       between an option name and its value.


       This program is part of Netpbm(1).

       cameratopam converts from any of dozens of raw camera image formats to PAM.

       Digital  still  cameras  often  can  produce images in a special raw format in addition to
       something more standard such as TIFF or JFIF (JPEG).  Software supplied  with  the  camera
       allows  you  to  manipulate  the  image  using  information  which is lost when the camera
       converts to the common format.  A particular camera model often has a unique raw format.


       In addition to the options common to all programs based on libnetpbm (most notably -quiet,
        Common Options ⟨index.html#commonoptions⟩ ), cameratopam recognizes the following command
       line options:

              Report to Standard Error the format of the input image but don't generate an output
              image.  Program fails if it cannot recognize the format.

              Report to Standard Error details of the processing.

              Use simple bilinear interpolation for quick results.  The default is to use a slow,
              high-quality adaptive algorithm.

              Half-size the output image.  Instead of interpolating, reduce  each  2x2  block  of
              sensors to one pixel.  Much faster than -quick_interpolate.

              Interpolate  RGB  as four colors.  This causes a slight loss of detail, so use this
              only if you see false 2x2 mesh patterns in blue sky.

              Show the raw data as a grayscale image with no interpolation.   This  is  good  for
              photographing black and white documents.

              Automatic  color  balance.   The default is to use a fixed color balance based on a
              white card photographed in sunlight.

              Use the color balance specified by the camera.  If cameratopam can't find this,  it
              prints a warning and reverts to the default.


              Further  adjust the color balance by multiplying the red and blue channels by these
              values.  Both default to 1.0.

              Change the output brightness.  Default is 1.0.

              By default, cameratoapm clips all colors to prevent pink hues  in  the  highlights.
              Combine  this  option  with  -brightness=0.25  to  leave  the image data completely

       -rgb   Write raw camera colors to the output file.  By default,  cameratoapm  converts  to
              sRGB colorspace.

              For  cameras  based on the Fuji Super CCD SR, this option causes cameratopam to use
              the secondary sensors, in effect underexposing the image by four  stops  to  reveal
              detail  in  the highlights.  cameratopam silently ignores this option for all other

              This option causes cameratopam to generate a variation on  PAM  that  has  "linear"
              color  samples.   In  true PAM, each sample in the image raster is gamma-corrected;
              i.e. it is  essentially  proportional  to  brightness.   With  the  linear  option,
              cameratopam  generates  an  image  in which the samples are instead proportional to
              light intensity.

              Without -linear, the image maxval is 255,  so  the  image  contains  one  byte  per
              sample.   With  -linear,  the  maxval is 65535, so the image contains two bytes per

              Without -linear, cameratopam uses a 99th percentile white point.  With -linear,  it
              doesn't.  I don't know what that means.


       411toppm(1), pamflip(1), pam(1),


       cameratopam was new in Netpbm 10.28 (June 2005).

       It  was  derived  from the program dcraw by Dave Coffin ⟨⟩ , by
       Bryan Henderson in April 2005.  Bryan replaced the part that generates the  Netpbm  output
       image  and  removed the Adobe Photoshop output function.  Bryan changed the command syntax
       and made other small changes to make the program consistent with Netpbm.   He  also  split
       the source code into manageable pieces (dcraw had a single 5000 line source file).


       This  manual page was generated by the Netpbm tool 'makeman' from HTML source.  The master
       documentation is at