Provided by: survex_1.4.3-1build1_amd64 bug


       cavern - process raw survey data


       cavern [ options ] survex data file ...


       Cavern is the Survex data processing engine.

       If  multiple survey data files are listed on the command line, they are processed in order
       from left to right.  Settings are reset to their defaults before processing each file.


       -o, --output=OUTPUT
              Sets location for output files.

       -q, --quiet
              Only show a brief summary (--quiet --quiet or -qq will display warnings and  errors

       -s, --no-auxiliary-files
              do not create .err file.

       -w, --warnings-are-errors
              turn warnings into errors.

       --log  Send screen output to a .log file.

       -v, --3d-version
              Specify  the  3d  file  format version to output.  By default the latest version is
              written, but you can override this to produce a  3d  file  which  can  be  read  by
              software which doesn't understand the latest 3d file format version.  Note that any
              information which the specified format version didn't support will be omitted.


       Cavern reads in text files containing the survey data .svx) and outputs  two  files,  with
       the  extensions  .3d  and  .err.  By default these files are put in the current directory,
       with the same base filename as the first .svx file read, but a different  extension.   You
       can change the directory and/or base filename using the --output command line option.

       E.g.  if  you process the data file entrance.svx with the command cavern entrance then the
       files entrance.3d and entrance.err will be created.

       Cavern also gives a range of statistics at the end of a successful run:

       • The highest and lowest stations and the height difference between them

       • The total length of the survey (before  and  after  adjustment).   This  total  excludes
         survey legs flagged as SURFACE, DUPLICATE, or SPLAY.

       • The  number  of  stations  and  legs.   Note  that a *EQUATE is counted as a leg in this

       • The East-West and North-South ranges, and the  North-most,  South-most,  East-most,  and
         West-most stations.

       • The number of each size of node in the network (where size is number of connections to a
         station) i.e. a one node is the end of a dead-end traverse,  a  two-node  is  a  typical
         station in the middle of a traverse, a three-node is a T-junction etc.

       • How long the processing took and how much CPU time was used.

       This file contains details of the stations and legs, and any flags associated with them.

       This  file  contains statistics about each traverse in the survey which is part of a loop.
       It includes various statistics for each traverse, such as the percentage  error  per  leg.
       You  should  study  this  information to determine if any parts of the survey are of lower
       quality or contain gross errors.


       There are a number of error messages that you may get when processing data.  Most of these
       are  self  explanatory, and will be caused by such problems as typing mistakes, or by your
       survey data not being attached to fixed points (in this situation, Survex will  list  some
       of the stations that are not connected).

       Along  with  the error message, the filename and line number of the offending line will be
       printed (or the filename for errors such as `file not found').  The format of the filename
       and  line  number  is  that  used by gcc, so if your editor can parse errors from gcc, you
       should be able to set it to allow you to jump to the file and line of each error.

       Cavern will stop after more than 50 errors.  This usually  indicates  something  like  the
       incorrect  data  order  being  specified.  Deluging the user with error messages makes the
       actual problem less clear.


       aven(1), diffpos(1), dump3d(1), extend(1), sorterr(1), survexport(1)

                                         24 February 2022                               CAVERN(1)