Provided by: libnet-proxy-perl_0.12-6.2_all bug


       connect-tunnel - Create CONNECT tunnels through HTTP proxies


       connect-tunnel [ -Lv ] [ -A user:pass ] [ -P proxy:port ]
                      [ -C controlport ] [ -T port:host:hostport ]


       connect-tunnel sets up tunneled connections to external hosts by redirecting connections
       to local ports towards thoses hosts/ports through a HTTP proxy.

       connect-tunnel makes use of the HTTP "CONNECT" method to ask the proxy to create a tunnel
       to an outside server. Be aware that some proxies are set up to deny outside tunnels
       (either to ports other than 443 or outside a specified set of outside hosts).


       The program follows the usual GNU command line syntax, with long options starting with two

       -A, --proxy-authentication user:password
           Proxy authentication information.

           Please note that all the authentication schemes supported by "LWP::UserAgent" are
           supported (we use an "LWP::UserAgent" internally to contact the proxy).

       -C, --control-port controlport
           The port to which one can connect to issue control commands to connect-tunnel.

           See "CONTROL CONNECTIONS" for more details about the available commands.

       -L, --local-only
           Create the tunnels so that they will only listen on "localhost".  Thus, only
           connections originating from the machine that runs connect-tunnel will be accepted.

           That was the default behaviour in connect-tunnel version 0.02.

       -P, --proxy proxy[:port]
           The proxy is required to connect the tunnels.  If no port is given, 8080 is used by

           See also "ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES".

       -T, --tunnel port:host:hostport
           Specifies that the given port on the local host is to be forwarded to the given host
           and hostport on the remote side. This works by allocating a socket to listen to port
           on the local side, and whenever a connection is made to this port, connect-tunnel
           forwards it to the proxy (with the credentials, if required), which in turn forwards
           it to the final destination.

           Note that this does not imply the use of any cryptographic system (SSL or any other).
           This is a simple TCP redirection. The security if any, is the one provided by the
           protocol used to connect to the destination through connect-tunnel.

           On Unix systems, only root can forward privileged ports.

           Note that you can setup tunnels to multiple destinations, by using the --tunnel option
           several times.

       -U, --user-agent string
           Specify User-Agent value to send in HTTP requests.  The default is to send

       -v, --verbose
           Verbose output.

           This option can be used several times for more verbose output.


       To connect to a SSH server running on "", on port 443, through the proxy
       "", running on port 8080, use the following command:

           connect-tunnel -P -T

       And now point your favorite ssh client to the machine running connect-tunnel.

       You can also emulate a "standard" user-agent:

           connect-tunnel -U "Mozilla/4.03 [en] (X11; I; Linux 2.1.89 i586)"
                          -P -T

       connect-tunnel can easily use your proxy credentials to connect outside:

           connect-tunnel -U "Mozilla/4.03 [en] (X11; I; Linux 2.1.89 i586)"
                          -P -T
                          -A book:s3kr3t

       But if you don't want anybody else to connect to your tunnels and through the proxy with
       your credentials, use the --local-only option:

        connect-tunnel -U "Mozilla/4.03 [en] (X11; I; Linux 2.1.89 i586)"
                       -P -T
                       -A book:s3kr3t -L

       If you have several destinations, there is no need to run several instances of connect-

        connect-tunnel -U "Mozilla/4.03 [en] (X11; I; Linux 2.1.89 i586)"
                       -P -A book:s3kr3t -L

       But naturally, you will need to correctly set up the ports in your clients.

       Mmm, such a long command line would perfectly fit in an alias or a .BAT file. ";-)"


       The environment variable "HTTP_PROXY" can be used to provide a proxy definition.

       The environment variable is overriden by the --proxy option, if passed to connect-tunnel.


       Philippe "BooK" Bruhat, "<>".

       I seem to have re-invented a well-known wheel with that script, but at least, I hope I
       have added a few interesting options to it.


       The first version of the script was a quick hack that let me go through a corporate proxy.

       Version 0.02 and version 0.03 were released on CPAN in 2003.

       Version 0.04 sits half-finished in a CVS repository at home: I couldn't decypher the
       spaghetti of my data structures any more. ":-("

       Version 0.05 (and higher) are based on "Net::Proxy", and included with the "Net::Proxy"

       Even though it's not rocket science, connect-tunnel has been cited in at least one
       academic works:

       •   HTTP Tunnels Through Proxies, Daniel Alman

           Available at SANS InfoSec Reading Room: Covert Channels

           Direct link: <>


       Copyright 2003-2007, Philippe Bruhat. All rights reserved.


       This module is free software; you can redistribute it or modify it under the same terms as
       Perl itself.