Provided by: db5.3-util_5.3.28+dfsg1-0.10_amd64 bug


       db5.3_recover - Restore the database to a consistent state


       db5.3_recover [-ceVv] [-h home] [-P password] [-t [[CC]YY]MMDDhhmm[.SS]]]


       The  db5.3_recover  utility  must  be run after an unexpected application, Berkeley DB, or
       system failure to restore the database to a consistent state. All  committed  transactions
       are  guaranteed  to  appear  after db5.3_recover has run, and all uncommitted transactions
       will be completely undone.


       -c     Perform catastrophic recovery instead of normal recovery.

       -e     Retain the environment after running recovery.  This option  will  rarely  be  used
              unless  a  DB_CONFIG file is present in the home directory.  If a DB_CONFIG file is
              not present, then the regions will be created with default parameter values.

       -h     Specify a home directory for the database  environment;  by  default,  the  current
              working directory is used.

       -P     Specify an environment password.  Although Berkeley DB utilities overwrite password
              strings as soon as possible, be aware there may be a  window  of  vulnerability  on
              systems  where unprivileged users can see command-line arguments or where utilities
              are not able to overwrite the memory containing the command-line arguments.

       -t     Recover to the time specified rather than to the most current possible  date.   The
              timestamp  argument  should be in the form [[CC]YY]MMDDhhmm[.SS] where each pair of
              letters represents the following:

              CC     The first two digits of the year (the century).

              YY     The second two digits of the year.  If "YY" is specified, but "CC" is not, a
                     value  for "YY" between 69 and 99 results in a "CC" value of 19.  Otherwise,
                     a "YY" value of 20 is used.

              MM     The month of the year, from 1 to 12.

              DD     The day of the month, from 1 to 31.

              hh     The hour of the day, from 0 to 23.

              mm     The minute of the hour, from 0 to 59.

              SS     The second of the minute, from 0 to 61.

              If the "CC" and "YY" letter pairs are not specified,  the  values  default  to  the
              current year.  If the "SS" letter pair is not specified, the value defaults to 0.

       -V     Write the library version number to the standard output, and exit.

       -v     Run in verbose mode.

       In  the  case  of  catastrophic recovery, an archival copy - or snapshot - of all database
       files must be restored along with all of the log files written  since  the  database  file
       snapshot  was  made.  (If disk space is a problem, log files may be referenced by symbolic

       If the failure was not catastrophic, the files present  on  the  system  at  the  time  of
       failure are sufficient to perform recovery.

       If log files are missing, db5.3_recover will identify the missing log file(s) and fail, in
       which case the missing log files need to be restored and recovery performed again.

       The db5.3_recover utility uses a Berkeley DB environment (as described for the -h  option,
       the environment variable DB_HOME, or because the utility was run in a directory containing
       a Berkeley DB environment).  In  order  to  avoid  environment  corruption  when  using  a
       Berkeley  DB  environment,  db5.3_recover should always be given the chance to detach from
       the environment and exit gracefully.  To cause db5.3_recover to  release  all  environment
       resources and exit cleanly, send it an interrupt signal (SIGINT).

       The db5.3_recover utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs.


              If  the  -h option is not specified and the environment variable DB_HOME is set, it
              is used as the path of the database home, as described in DB_ENV->open.


       Sleepycat Software, Inc. This manual page was created based on the HTML documentation  for
       db_recover from Sleepycat, by Thijs Kinkhorst <>, for the Debian system
       (but may be used by others).

                                         28 January 2005                         DB5.3_RECOVER(1)