Provided by: ptscotch_7.0.1-2ubuntu1_amd64 bug


       dggath, dgscat, gscat - convert distributed source graphs to or from centralized ones


       dggath [options] [igfile] [ogfile]

       dgscat [options] [igfile] [ogfile]

       gscat [options] [igfile] [ogfile]


       The  dggath  program gathers distributed graphs into centralized graphs. It reads a set of
       files igfile representing fragments of a distributed source graph, and writes them back on
       the form of a single centralized source graph ogfile.

       The  dgscat program scatters centralized source graphs into distributed graphs. It reads a
       centralized source graph igfile and writes it back on the form of a set  of  files  ogfile
       representing fragments of the corresponding distributed source graph.

       The  gscat  program  does  exactly the same as dgscat, but does not require to be run in a
       parallel environment. Since gscat processes the input centralized graph  file  as  a  text
       stream,  it does not need to load the full graph in memory before building the distributed
       graph fragment files. It is therefore much less resource consuming, but does not allow for
       the checking of graph consistency, as it has no global vision of the graph structure.

       When  file  names  are  not  specified,  data  is  read from standard input and written to
       standard output. Standard streams can also be explicitly represented by a dash '-'.

       When the proper libraries have been included  at  compile  time,  dggath  and  dgscat  can
       directly  handle  compressed  graphs,  both  as  input  and output. A stream is treated as
       compressed whenever its name is postfixed with a compressed file  extension,  such  as  in
       'brol.grf.bz2'  or  '-.gz'.  The  compression formats which can be supported are the bzip2
       format ('.bz2'), the gzip format ('.gz'), and the lzma format ('.lzma').

       dggath and dgscat base on implementations of the MPI interface to spread work  across  the
       processing  elements.  It  is therefore not likely to be run directly, but instead through
       some launcher command such as mpirun.


       In order to tell whether programs should read from, or write to, a single file located  on
       only one processor, or to multiple instances of the same file on all of the processors, or
       else to distinct files on each of the processors, a special  grammar  has  been  designed,
       which  is based on the '%' escape character. Four such escape sequences are defined, which
       are interpreted independently on every processor, prior to file opening. By default,  when
       a  filename  is  provided,  it is assumed that the file is to be opened on only one of the
       processors, called the root processor, which is usually  process  0  of  the  communicator
       within  which  the program is run. The index of the root processor can be changed by means
       of the -r option. Using any of the  first  three  escape  sequences  below  will  instruct
       programs  to  open  in parallel a file of name equal to the interpreted filename, on every
       processor on which they are run.

       %p     Replaced by the number of processes in the global communicator in which the program
              is run. Leads to parallel opening.

       %r     Replaced  on  each  process  running the program by the rank of this process in the
              global communicator. Leads to parallel opening.

       %-     Discarded, but leads to parallel opening. This sequence is mainly used to  instruct
              programs  to open on every processor a file of identical name. The opened files can
              be, according whether the given path leads to a shared directory or to  directories
              that  are  local  to each processor, either to the opening of multiple instances of
              the same file, or to the opening of distinct files which may each have a  different
              content,  respectively  (but in this latter case it is much recommended to identify
              files by means of the '%r' sequence).

       %%     Replaced by a single '%' character. File names using this escape sequence  are  not
              considered  for  parallel  opening, unless one or several of the three other escape
              sequences are also present.

       For instance, filename 'brol' will lead  to  the  opening  of  file  'brol'  on  the  root
       processor  only, filename '%-brol' (or even 'br%-ol') will lead to the parallel opening of
       files called 'brol' on every processor, and filename 'brol%p-%r' will lead to the  opening
       of files ’brol2-0' and 'brol2-1', respectively, on each of the two processors on which the
       program were to run.


       -c     For dggath and dgscat only. Check the consistency of the input source  graph  after
              loading it into memory.

       -h     Display some help.

       -rpnum Set root process for centralized files (default is 0).

       -V     Display program version and copyright.


       Run  dgscat  on  5  processing  elements to scatter centralized graph file brol.grf into 5
       gzipped file fragments brol5-0.dgr.gz to brol5-4.dgr.gz.

           $ mpirun -np 5 dgscat brol.grf brol%p-%r.dgr.gz


       dgmap(1), dgord(1), dgtst(1), gmk_hy(1).

       PT-Scotch user's manual.


       Francois Pellegrini <>

                                         23 November 2019                               dgscat(1)