Provided by: unixodbc_2.3.11-2_amd64 bug


       isql, iusql - unixODBC interactive SQL command-line tools


       isql DSN [USER [PASSWORD]] [options]


       isql  and  iusql  are command-line tools allowing users to execute SQL interactively or in

       The tools provide several useful features, including an option to generate output  wrapped
       in an HTML table.

       iusql  is  the same as isql but includes built-in Unicode support.  Some data sources only
       work with iusql.


       DSN    The Data Source Name (DSN) used to connect to the SQL database. unixODBC looks  for
              the  specified  DSN  in  /etc/odbc.ini  and $HOME/.odbc.ini, with the latter taking

              When searching the configuration files, unixODBC looks for a bare name. If the  DSN
              begins  with  a  semicolon,  it  is  treated as a connection string. The connection
              string can contain a DSN and/or other semicolon-separated parameters.

       USER   Specifies the database user or role under which the connection should be made.

              This parameter overrides any UID specified in the data source configuration files.

              Password required to access the database for the specified USER.

              This parameter overrides any PASSWORD specified in the  data  source  configuration


       -b     Run  'isql'  in  non-interactive  batch  mode.  In this mode, 'isql' processes from
              standard input, expecting one SQL command per line.

              Delimit columns with the specified delimiter.

       -xHEX  Delimit  columns  with  the  character  represented  in  hexadecimal  by  HEX.  The
              hexadecimal code must be in the format 0xNN (e.g. 0x09 for the TAB character).

       -w     Format the result as an HTML table.

       -c     Output the names of the columns on the first row. This option can only be used with
              the -d or -x options.

       -mNUM  Limit the column display width to NUM characters.

              Set the character locale to LOCALE.

       -q     Wrap the character fields in double quotes.

       -3     Use calls from ODBC version 3.

       -n     Process multiple lines of SQL, terminated with the GO command.

       -e     Use SQLExecDirect instead of Prepare.

       -k     Use SQLDriverConnect.

       -v     Enable verbose mode, fully  describing  all  errors.  This  option  is  useful  for

              Display the program version.

       -LNUM  Set  the maximum number of characters displayed from a character field to NUM.  The
              default value is 300 characters.


       This section briefly describes some isql and iusql run-time commands.

              List all tables in the database.

       help table
              List all columns in the table.

       help help
              List all help options.


       A bare DSN:

              $ iusql WebDB MyID MyPWD -w -b < My.sql

              Connects to the WebDB DSN as user MyID  with  password  MyPWD,  then  executes  the
              commands in the My.sql file and returns the results wrapped in an HTML table.

              Each  line  in  My.sql must only contain one SQL command, except for the last line,
              which must be blank (unless the -n option is specified).

       A DSN in a connection string:

              Note the leading semicolon on the connection string.

              $ iusql ";DSN=WebDB" MyID MyPWD -w -b < My.sql

              Options in the DSN may be overridden in the connection string:

              $ iusql ";DSN=WebDB;Driver=PostgreSQL ODBC;UID=MyID;PASSWORD=secret;Debug=1;CommLog=1" -v

       A string DSN:

              A string DSN may be provided in its entirety, with no file DSN reference at all:

              $ iusql ";Driver=PostgreSQL Unicode;UID=MyID;PASSWORD=secret" -v


       Cryptic error messages

              Re-run isql or iusql with the -v flag to get more information from  errors,  and/or
              enable Trace mode in odbcinst.ini.

       Missing driver definition

              Check  that  the  driver  name  specified by the Driver entry in the odbc.ini data-
              source definition is present in odbcinst.ini and exactly matches  the  odbcinst.ini
              [section name].

       Unloadable or incompatible driver

              If  the  ODBC driver is properly specified for the data source, it is possible that
              the driver is not loadable. Check for mix-ups between Unicode and ANSI drivers, and
              verify the driver paths in the odbcinst.ini [section name].

       Unicode data sources with ANSI clients

              Some data sources are Unicode-only and require the use of iusql.  If isql reports
                [IM002][unixODBC][Driver Manager]Data source name not found and no default driver specified
                [ISQL]ERROR: Could not SQLConnect
              but the data source and driver required are listed by
                odbcinst -q -d
                odbcinst -q -s
              then try iusql.


              Configuration  file  containing system-wide Data Source Name (DSN) definitions. See
              odbc.ini(5) for more information.

              Configuration file containing user-specific Data Source Name (DSN) definitions. See
              odbc.ini(5) for more information.


       unixODBC(7), odbcinst(1), odbc.ini(5)

       "The unixODBC Administrator Manual (HTML)"


       The  authors  of  unixODBC  are  Peter  Harvey  <> and Nick Gorham

       For a full list of contributors, refer to the AUTHORS file.


       unixODBC is licensed under the GNU Lesser General Public License. For  details  about  the
       license, see the COPYING file.