Provided by: pcp_5.3.7-1_amd64 bug


       pmdammv - memory mapped values performance metrics domain agent (PMDA)


       $PCP_PMDAS_DIR/mmv/pmdammv [-d domain] [-l logfile] [-U username]


       pmdammv  is  a  Performance  Metrics  Domain  Agent (PMDA) which exports application level
       performance metrics using memory mapped  files.   It  offers  an  extremely  low  overhead
       instrumentation   facility   that   is  well-suited  to  long  running,  mission  critical
       applications  where  it  is  desirable  to  have  performance  metrics  and   availability
       information permanently enabled.

       The  mmv  PMDA exports instrumentation that has been added to an application using the MMV
       APIs (refer to mmv_stats_init(3) and mmv(5) for  further  details).   These  APIs  can  be
       called  from  several  languages,  including  C, C++, Perl, Python, Java (via the separate
       ``Parfait'' class library) and GoLang (via the separate ``Speed'' library).

       A brief description of the pmdammv command line options follows:

       -d   It is absolutely crucial that the performance metrics domain number specified here is
            unique and consistent.  That is, domain should be different for every PMDA on the one
            host, and the same domain number should be used for the same PMDA on all hosts.

       -l   Location of the log file.  By default, a log file named mmv.log  is  written  in  the
            current  directory  of  pmcd(1) when pmdammv is started, i.e.  $PCP_LOG_DIR/pmcd.  If
            the log file cannot be created or is not writable, output is written to the  standard
            error instead.

       -U   User  account  under  which  to run the agent.  The default is the unprivileged "pcp"
            account in current versions of PCP, but  in  older  versions  the  superuser  account
            ("root") was used by default.


       Firstly, a security model for interprocess communication between instrumented applications
       and pmdammv (running as a shared library inside pmcd) must be chosen and established.

       This communication occurs through memory mapped files in a location known to both  pmdammv
       and  the  instrumented  applications.  That location is $PCP_TMP_DIR/mmv, although that is
       often hidden behind application APIs  such  as  ``Parfait''  and  mmv_stats_init(3).   The
       permissions set on this directory indicate the security model in use.

       The  more  secure  method  is  to  use  an  existing unprivileged group which is shared by
       instrumented applications, pmcd and pmdammv such as the "pcp" group.

            # . /etc/pcp.env
            # mkdir -m 775 $PCP_TMP_DIR/mmv
            # chgrp pcp $PCP_TMP_DIR/mmv

       Since this method requires instrumented applications to use this  non-default  group  (see
       newgrp(1)  and  setgid(2))  a  common  alternative  involves  the use of a world-writeable
       $PCP_TMP_DIR/mmv directory with the sticky-bit set (similar  to  /tmp  and  /var/tmp,  for

       This  allows any application, running under any user account, to communicate with the PMDA
       (which runs under the "pcp" account by default).   This  may  not  be  desirable  for  all
       environments and one should consider the security implications of any directory setup like
       this (similar classes of issues exist as those  that  affect  the  system  temporary  file

       pmdammv  is  enabled  by default on all modern PCP installations, and thus the names, help
       text and values for the mmv performance metrics  are  available  without  the  usual  PMDA
       ./Install process.

       If the $PCP_TMP_DIR/mmv directory does not exist, then the ./Install script can be used to
       create  a  world-writeable  sticky-bit-set  directory  for  communication.   This  is  for
       backwards  compatibility, as well as ease of use - to use this mechanism, do the following
       as root:

            # rmdir $PCP_TMP_DIR/mmv
            # cd $PCP_PMDAS_DIR/mmv
            # ./Install

       This installation process will not overwrite any existing $PCP_TMP_DIR/mmv directory.

       If you want to undo the installation, do the following as root:

            # cd $PCP_PMDAS_DIR/mmv
            # ./Remove

       pmdammv is launched by pmcd and should never be executed directly.  The Install and Remove
       scripts notify pmcd when the agent is installed or removed.


                 command line options used to launch pmdammv
                 directory housing memory mapped value files
                 default help text file for the mmv metrics
                 installation script for the pmdammv agent
                 undo installation script for the pmdammv agent
                 default log file for error messages and other information from pmdammv


       Environment variables with the prefix PCP_ are used to parameterize the file and directory
       names used by PCP.  On each installation, the file /etc/pcp.conf contains the local values
       for  these  variables.   The  $PCP_CONF  variable  may  be  used to specify an alternative
       configuration file, as described in pcp.conf(5).


       PCPIntro(1), pmcd(1), newgrp(1), setgid(2),  mmv_stats_init(3),  mmv(5),  pcp.conf(5)  and