Provided by: rcs_5.10.1-1_amd64 bug


       rcsmerge - merge RCS revisions


       rcsmerge [options] file


       rcsmerge  incorporates  the  changes  between  two  revisions  of  an  RCS  file  into the
       corresponding working file.

       Filenames matching an RCS suffix denote RCS files; all others denote working files.  Names
       are paired as explained in ci(1).

       At  least  one revision must be specified with one of the options described below, usually
       -r.  At most two revisions may be specified.  If  only  one  revision  is  specified,  the
       latest  revision  on  the  default  branch  (normally  the highest branch on the trunk) is
       assumed for the second revision.  Revisions may be specified numerically or symbolically.

       rcsmerge prints a warning if there are overlaps, and delimits the overlapping  regions  as
       explained in merge(1).  The command is useful for incorporating changes into a checked-out


       -A     Output conflicts using the -A style of  diff3(1),  if  supported  by  diff3.   This
              merges  all  changes leading from file2 to file3 into file1, and generates the most
              verbose output.

       -E, -e These options specify conflict styles that generate less information than -A.   See
              diff3(1)  for  details.   The default is -E.  With -e, rcsmerge does not warn about

              Use subst style  keyword  substitution.   See  co(1)  for  details.   For  example,
              -kk -r1.1 -r1.2 ignores differences in keyword values when merging the changes from
              1.1 to 1.2.  It normally does not make sense to merge binary files as if they  were
              text, so rcsmerge refuses to merge files if -kb expansion is used.

              Send the result to standard output instead of overwriting the working file.

              Run quietly; do not print diagnostics.

              Merge  with  respect  to  revision  rev.   Here  an empty rev stands for the latest
              revision on the default branch, normally the head.

       -T     This option has no effect; it is present for compatibility with other RCS commands.

       -V     Print RCS's version number.

       -Vn    Emulate RCS version n.  See co(1) for details.

              Use suffixes to characterize RCS files.  See ci(1) for details.

       -zzone Use zone as the time zone for keyword substitution.  See co(1) for details.


       Suppose you have released revision 2.8 of f.c.  Assume furthermore that after you complete
       an  unreleased  revision  3.4,  you  receive updates to release 2.8 from someone else.  To
       combine the updates to 2.8 and your changes between 2.8 and 3.4, put the  updates  to  2.8
       into file f.c and execute

           rcsmerge  -p  -r2.8  -r3.4  f.c  >f.merged.c

       Then examine f.merged.c.  Alternatively, if you want to save the updates to 2.8 in the RCS
       file, check them in as revision and execute co -j:

           ci  -r2.8.1.1  f.c
           co  -r3.4  -j2.8:  f.c

       As another example, the following command undoes the changes between revision 2.4 and  2.8
       in your currently checked out revision in f.c.

           rcsmerge  -r2.8  -r2.4  f.c

       Note the order of the arguments, and that f.c will be overwritten.


              Options  prepended  to the argument list, separated by spaces.  A backslash escapes
              spaces within an option.  The RCSINIT options are prepended to the  argument  lists
              of most RCS commands.  Useful RCSINIT options include -q, -V, -x, and -z.

              Normally, for speed, commands either memory map or copy into memory the RCS file if
              its size is less than the  memory-limit,  currently  defaulting  to  ``unlimited''.
              Otherwise  (or  if the initially-tried speedy ways fail), the commands fall back to
              using  standard  i/o  routines.   You  can  adjust  the  memory  limit  by  setting
              RCS_MEM_LIMIT  to  a  numeric value lim (measured in kilobytes).  An empty value is
              silently ignored.  As a side effect, specifying RCS_MEM_LIMIT inhibits fall-back to
              slower routines.

       TMPDIR Name  of  the  temporary  directory.  If not set, the environment variables TMP and
              TEMP are inspected instead and the first value found is taken; if none of them  are
              set, a host-dependent default is used, typically /tmp.


       Exit status is 0 for no overlaps, 1 for some overlaps, 2 for trouble.


       Author: Walter F. Tichy.
       Manual Page Revision: 5.10.1; Release Date: 2022-02-19.
       Copyright © 2010-2022 Thien-Thi Nguyen.
       Copyright © 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995 Paul Eggert.
       Copyright © 1982, 1988, 1989 Walter F. Tichy.


       ci(1), co(1), ident(1), merge(1), rcs(1), rcsdiff(1), rlog(1), rcsfile(5).

       Walter  F. Tichy, RCS--A System for Version Control, Software--Practice & Experience 15, 7
       (July 1985), 637-654.

       The full documentation for RCS is maintained as a Texinfo manual.  If the info(1) and  RCS
       programs are properly installed at your site, the command

              info rcs

       should give you access to the complete manual.  Additionally, the RCS homepage:


       has news and links to the latest release, development site, etc.