Provided by: guestfs-tools_1.48.2-1ubuntu1_amd64 bug


       virt-make-fs - Make a filesystem from a tar archive or files


        virt-make-fs [--options] input.tar output.img

        virt-make-fs [--options] input.tar.gz output.img

        virt-make-fs [--options] directory output.img


       Virt-make-fs is a command line tool for creating a filesystem from a tar archive or some
       files in a directory.  It is similar to tools like mkisofs(1), genisoimage(1) and
       mksquashfs(1).  Unlike those tools, it can create common filesystem types like ext2/3 or
       NTFS, which can be useful if you want to attach these filesystems to existing virtual
       machines (eg. to import large amounts of read-only data to a VM).

       To create blank disks, use virt-format(1).  To create complex layouts, use guestfish(1).

       Basic usage is:

        virt-make-fs input output.img

       where "input" is either a directory containing files that you want to add, or a tar
       archive (either uncompressed tar or gzip-compressed tar); and output.img is a disk image.
       The input type is detected automatically.  The output disk image defaults to a raw ext2
       sparse image unless you specify extra flags (see "OPTIONS" below).

       The default filesystem type is "ext2".  Just about any filesystem type that libguestfs
       supports can be used (but not read-only formats like ISO9660).  Here are some of the more
       common choices:

           Note that ext3 filesystems contain a journal, typically 1-32 MB in size.  If you are
           not going to use the filesystem in a way that requires the journal, then this is just
           wasted overhead.

       ntfs or vfat
           Useful if exporting data to a Windows guest.

           Lower overhead than "ext2", but certain limitations on filename length and total
           filesystem size.


        virt-make-fs --type=minix input minixfs.img

       Optionally virt-make-fs can add a partition table to the output disk.

       Adding a partition can make the disk image more compatible with certain virtualized
       operating systems which don't expect to see a filesystem directly located on a block
       device (Linux doesn't care and will happily handle both types).

       On the other hand, if you have a partition table then the output image is no longer a
       straight filesystem.  For example you cannot run fsck(8) directly on a partitioned disk
       image.  (However libguestfs tools such as guestfish(1) and virt-resize(1) can still be


       Add an MBR partition:

        virt-make-fs --partition -- input disk.img

       If the output disk image could be terabyte-sized or larger, it's better to use an
       EFI/GPT-compatible partition table:

        virt-make-fs --partition=gpt --size=+4T --format=qcow2 input disk.img

       Unlike formats such as tar and squashfs, a filesystem does not "just fit" the files that
       it contains, but might have extra space.  Depending on how you are going to use the
       output, you might think this extra space is wasted and want to minimize it, or you might
       want to leave space so that more files can be added later.  Virt-make-fs defaults to
       minimizing the extra space, but you can use the --size flag to leave space in the
       filesystem if you want it.

       An alternative way to leave extra space but not make the output image any bigger is to use
       an alternative disk image format (instead of the default "raw" format).  Using
       --format=qcow2 will use the native qemu/KVM qcow2 image format (check your hypervisor
       supports this before using it).  This allows you to choose a large --size but the extra
       space won't actually be allocated in the image until you try to store something in it.

       Don’t forget that you can also use local commands including resize2fs(8) and
       virt-resize(1) to resize existing filesystems, or rerun virt-make-fs to build another
       image from scratch.


        virt-make-fs --format=qcow2 --size=+200M input output.img


           Display brief help.

           This parameter sets the sector size of the output disk image.

           The default is 512 bytes.

           See also "guestfs_add_drive_opts" in guestfs(3).

           Create a virtual floppy disk.

           Currently this preselects the size (1440K), partition type (MBR) and filesystem type
           (VFAT).  In future it may also choose the geometry.

       -s N
       -s +N
           Use the --size (or -s) option to choose the size of the output image.

           If this option is not given, then the output image will be just large enough to
           contain all the files, with not much wasted space.

           To choose a fixed size output disk, specify an absolute number followed by
           b/K/M/G/T/P/E to mean bytes, Kilobytes, Megabytes, Gigabytes, Terabytes, Petabytes or
           Exabytes.  This must be large enough to contain all the input files, else you will get
           an error.

           To leave extra space, specify "+" (plus sign) and a number followed by b/K/M/G/T/P/E
           to mean bytes, Kilobytes, Megabytes, Gigabytes, Terabytes, Petabytes or Exabytes.  For
           example: --size=+200M means enough space for the input files, and (approximately) an
           extra 200 MB free space.

           Note that virt-make-fs estimates free space, and therefore will not produce
           filesystems containing precisely the free space requested.  (It is much more expensive
           and time-consuming to produce a filesystem which has precisely the desired free

       -F FMT
           Choose the output disk image format.

           The default is "raw" (raw sparse disk image).

       -t FS
           Choose the output filesystem type.

           The default is "ext2".

           Any filesystem which is supported read-write by libguestfs can be used here.

           Set the filesystem label.

           If specified, this flag adds an MBR partition table to the output disk image.

           You can change the partition table type, eg. --partition=gpt for large disks.

           For MBR, virt-make-fs sets the partition type byte automatically.

           Enable debugging information.

           Display version number and exit.

       -x  Enable libguestfs trace.


       guestfish(1), virt-format(1), virt-resize(1), virt-tar-in(1), mkisofs(1), genisoimage(1),
       mksquashfs(1), mke2fs(8), resize2fs(8), guestfs(3),


       Richard W.M. Jones


       Copyright (C) 2010-2020 Red Hat Inc.


       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of
       the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
       version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

       This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY;
       without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
       See the GNU General Public License for more details.

       You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program;
       if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor,
       Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.


       To get a list of bugs against libguestfs, use this link:

       To report a new bug against libguestfs, use this link:

       When reporting a bug, please supply:

       •   The version of libguestfs.

       •   Where you got libguestfs (eg. which Linux distro, compiled from source, etc)

       •   Describe the bug accurately and give a way to reproduce it.

       •   Run libguestfs-test-tool(1) and paste the complete, unedited output into the bug