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aio_fsync — asynchronous file synchronization (REALTIME)
Standard C Library (libc, -lc)
#include <aio.h> int aio_fsync(int op, struct aiocb *iocb);
The aio_fsync() system call allows the calling process to move all modified data associated with the descriptor iocb->aio_fildes to a permanent storage device. The call returns immediately after the synchronization request has been enqueued to the descriptor; the synchronization may or may not have completed at the time the call returns. The op argument can only be set to O_SYNC to cause all currently queued I/O operations to be completed as if by a call to fsync(2). If _POSIX_PRIORITIZED_IO is defined, and the descriptor supports it, then the enqueued operation is submitted at a priority equal to that of the calling process minus iocb->aio_reqprio. The iocb pointer may be subsequently used as an argument to aio_return() and aio_error() in order to determine return or error status for the enqueued operation while it is in progress. If the request could not be enqueued (generally due to invalid arguments), the call returns without having enqueued the request. The iocb->aio_sigevent structure can be used to request notification of the operation's completion as described in aio(4).
The Asynchronous I/O Control Block structure pointed to by iocb must remain valid until the operation has completed. The asynchronous I/O control buffer iocb should be zeroed before the aio_fsync() call to avoid passing bogus context information to the kernel. Modification of the Asynchronous I/O Control Block structure is not allowed while the request is queued.
The aio_fsync() function returns the value 0 if successful; otherwise the value -1 is returned and the global variable errno is set to indicate the error.
The aio_fsync() system call will fail if: [EAGAIN] The request was not queued because of system resource limitations. [EINVAL] The asynchronous notification method in iocb->aio_sigevent.sigev_notify is invalid or not supported. [EOPNOTSUPP] Asynchronous file synchronization operations on the file descriptor iocb->aio_fildes are unsafe and unsafe asynchronous I/O operations are disabled. [EINVAL] A value of the op argument is not set to O_SYNC. The following conditions may be synchronously detected when the aio_fsync() system call is made, or asynchronously, at any time thereafter. If they are detected at call time, aio_fsync() returns -1 and sets errno appropriately; otherwise the aio_return() system call must be called, and will return -1, and aio_error() must be called to determine the actual value that would have been returned in errno. [EBADF] The iocb->aio_fildes argument is not a valid descriptor. [EINVAL] This implementation does not support synchronized I/O for this file. If the request is successfully enqueued, but subsequently cancelled or an error occurs, the value returned by the aio_return() system call is per the read(2) and write(2) system calls, and the value returned by the aio_error() system call is one of the error returns from the read(2) or write(2) system calls.
aio_cancel(2), aio_error(2), aio_read(2), aio_return(2), aio_suspend(2), aio_waitcomplete(2), aio_write(2), fsync(2), sigevent(3), siginfo(3), aio(4)
The aio_fsync() system call is expected to conform to the IEEE Std 1003.1 (“POSIX.1”) standard.
The aio_fsync() system call first appeared in FreeBSD 7.0.