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     aio_write — asynchronous write to a file (REALTIME)


     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)


     #include <aio.h>

     aio_write(struct aiocb *iocb);


     The aio_write() system call allows the calling process to write iocb->aio_nbytes from the
     buffer pointed to by iocb->aio_buf to the descriptor iocb->aio_fildes.  The call returns
     immediately after the write request has been enqueued to the descriptor; the write may or
     may not have completed at the time the call returns.  If the request could not be enqueued,
     generally due to invalid arguments, the call returns without having enqueued the request.

     If O_APPEND is set for iocb->aio_fildes, aio_write() operations append to the file in the
     same order as the calls were made.  If O_APPEND is not set for the file descriptor, the
     write operation will occur at the absolute position from the beginning of the file plus

     If _POSIX_PRIORITIZED_IO is defined, and the descriptor supports it, then the enqueued
     operation is submitted at a priority equal to that of the calling process minus

     The iocb pointer may be subsequently used as an argument to aio_return() and aio_error() in
     order to determine return or error status for the enqueued operation while it is in

     If the request is successfully enqueued, the value of iocb->aio_offset can be modified
     during the request as context, so this value must not be referenced after the request is

     The iocb->aio_sigevent structure can be used to request notification of the operation's
     completion as described in aio(4).


     The Asynchronous I/O Control Block structure pointed to by iocb and the buffer that the
     iocb->aio_buf member of that structure references must remain valid until the operation has

     The asynchronous I/O control buffer iocb should be zeroed before the aio_write() system call
     to avoid passing bogus context information to the kernel.

     Modifications of the Asynchronous I/O Control Block structure or the buffer contents are not
     allowed while the request is queued.

     If the file offset in iocb->aio_offset is past the offset maximum for iocb->aio_fildes, no
     I/O will occur.


     The aio_write() function returns the value 0 if successful; otherwise the value -1 is
     returned and the global variable errno is set to indicate the error.


     The aio_write() system call will fail if:

     [EAGAIN]           The request was not queued because of system resource limitations.

     [EINVAL]           The asynchronous notification method in iocb->aio_sigevent.sigev_notify
                        is invalid or not supported.

     [EOPNOTSUPP]       Asynchronous write operations on the file descriptor iocb->aio_fildes are
                        unsafe and unsafe asynchronous I/O operations are disabled.

     The following conditions may be synchronously detected when the aio_write() system call is
     made, or asynchronously, at any time thereafter.  If they are detected at call time,
     aio_write() returns -1 and sets errno appropriately; otherwise the aio_return() system call
     must be called, and will return -1, and aio_error() must be called to determine the actual
     value that would have been returned in errno.

     [EBADF]            The iocb->aio_fildes argument is invalid, or is not opened for writing.

     [EINVAL]           The offset iocb->aio_offset is not valid, the priority specified by
                        iocb->aio_reqprio is not a valid priority, or the number of bytes
                        specified by iocb->aio_nbytes is not valid.

     If the request is successfully enqueued, but subsequently canceled or an error occurs, the
     value returned by the aio_return() system call is per the write(2) system call, and the
     value returned by the aio_error() system call is either one of the error returns from the
     write(2) system call, or one of:

     [EBADF]            The iocb->aio_fildes argument is invalid for writing.

     [ECANCELED]        The request was explicitly canceled via a call to aio_cancel().

     [EINVAL]           The offset iocb->aio_offset would be invalid.


     aio_cancel(2), aio_error(2), aio_return(2), aio_suspend(2), aio_waitcomplete(2),
     sigevent(3), siginfo(3), aio(4)


     The aio_write() system call is expected to conform to the IEEE Std 1003.1 (“POSIX.1”)


     The aio_write() system call first appeared in FreeBSD 3.0.


     This manual page was written by Wes Peters <>.


     Invalid information in iocb->_aiocb_private may confuse the kernel.