Provided by: librheolef-dev_7.2-2_amd64

**NAME**

basis - finite element method (rheolef-7.2)

**DESCRIPTION**

The class constructor takes a string that characterizes the finite element method, e.g. 'P0', 'P1' or 'P2'. The letters characterize the finite element family and the number is the polynomial degree in this family. The finite element also depends upon the reference element, e.g. triangle, square, tetrahedron, etc. Seereference_element(6)for more details. For instance, on the square reference element, the 'P1' string designates the common Q1 four-nodes finite element.

**AVAILABLE** **FINITE** **ELEMENTS**

Pk The classical Lagrange finite element family, where k is any polynomial degree greater or equal to 1. Pkd The discontinuous Galerkin finite element family, where k is any polynomial degree greater or equal to 0. For convenience, P0d could also be written as P0. bubble The product of baycentric coordinates. Only simplicial elements are supported:edge(6),triangle(6)andtetrahedron(6). RTk RTkd The vector-valued Raviart-Thomas family, where k is any polynomial degree greater or equal to 0. The RTkd piecewise discontinuous version is fully implemented for thetriangle(6). Its RTk continuous counterpart is still under development. Bk The Bernstein finite element family, where k is any polynomial degree greater or equal to 1. This basis was initially introduced by Bernstein (Comm. Soc. Math. Kharkov, 2th series, 1912) and more recently used in the context of finite elements. This feature is still under development. Sk The spectral finite element family, as proposed by Sherwin and Karniadakis (Oxford University Press, 2nd ed., 2005). Here, k is any polynomial degree greater or equal to 1. This feature is still under development.

**CONTINUOUS** **FEATURE**

Some finite element families could support either continuous or discontinuous junction at inter-element boundaries. For instance, the Pk Lagrange finite element family, with k >= 1, has a continuous interelements junction: it defines a piecewise polynomial and globally continuous finite element functionalspace(2). Conversely, the Pkd Lagrange finite element family, with k >= 0, has a discontinuous interelements junction: it defines a piecewise polynomial and globally discontinuous finite element functionalspace(2).

**OPTIONS**

The basis class supports some options associated to each finite element method. These options are appended to the string bewteen square braces, and are separated by a coma, e.g. 'P5[feteke,bernstein]'. Seebasis(1)for some examples.

**LAGRANGE** **NODES** **OPTION**

equispaced Nodes are equispaced. This is the default. fekete Node are non-equispaced: for high-order polynomial degree, e.g. greater or equal to 3, their placement is fully optimized, as proposed by Taylor, Wingate and Vincent, 2000, SIAM J. Numer. Anal. With this choice, the interpolation error is dramatically decreased for high order polynomials. This feature is still restricted to the triangle reference element and to polynomial degree lower or equal to 19. Otherwise, it fall back to the following warburton node set. warburton Node are non-equispaced: for high-order polynomial degree, e.g. greater or equal to 3, their placement is optimized thought an heuristic solution, as proposed by Warburton, 2006, J. Eng. Math. With this choice, the interpolation error is dramatically decreased for high order polynomials. This feature applies to any reference element and polynomial degree.

**RAW** **POLYNOMIAL** **BASIS**

The raw (or initial) polynomial basis is used for building the dual basis, associated to degrees of freedom, via the Vandermonde matrix and its inverse. Changing the raw basis do not change the definition of the FEM basis, but only the way it is constructed. There are three possible raw basis: monomial The monomial basis is the simplest choice. While it is suitable for low polynomial degree (less than five), for higher polynomial degree, the Vandermonde matrix becomes ill-conditioned and its inverse leads to errors in double precision. dubiner The Dubiner basis (see Dubiner, 1991 J. Sci. Comput.) leads to much better condition number. This is the default. bernstein The Bernstein basis could also be an alternative raw basis.

**INTERNALS:** **EVALUATE** **AND** **INTERPOLATE**

The basis class defines member functions that evaluates all the polynomial basis functions of a finite element and their derivatives at a point or a set of point. The basis polynomial functions are evaluated by the evaluate member function. This member function is called during the assembly process of theintegrate(3)function. The interpolation nodes used by theinterpolate(3)function are available by the member function hat_node. Conversely, the member function compute_dofs compute the degrees of freedom.

**IMPLEMENTATION**

This documentation has been generated from file fem/lib/basis.h The basis class is simply an alias to thebasis_basicclasstypedef basis_basic<Float> basis; Thebasis_basicclassprovidesaninterfacetoadatacontainer:template<class T> class basis_basic : public smart_pointer_nocopy<basis_rep<T> >, public persistent_table<basis_basic<T> > { public: // typedefs: typedef basis_rep<T> rep; typedef smart_pointer_nocopy<rep> base; typedef typename rep::size_type size_type; typedef typename rep::value_type value_type; typedef typename rep::valued_type valued_type; // allocators: basis_basic (std::string name = ""); void reset (std::string& name); void reset_family_index (size_type k); // accessors: bool is_initialized() const { return base::operator->() != 0; } size_type degree() const; size_type family_index() const; std::string family_name() const; std::string name() const; size_type ndof (reference_element hat_K) const; size_type nnod (reference_element hat_K) const; bool is_continuous() const; bool is_discontinuous() const; bool is_nodal() const; bool have_continuous_feature() const; bool have_compact_support_inside_element() const; bool is_hierarchical() const; size_type size() const; const basis_basic<T>& operator[] (size_type i_comp) const; bool have_index_parameter() const; const basis_option& option() const; valued_type valued_tag() const; const std::string& valued() const; const piola_fem<T>& get_piola_fem() const; };

**AUTHOR**

Pierre Saramito <Pierre.Saramito@imag.fr>

**COPYRIGHT**

Copyright (C) 2000-2018 Pierre Saramito <Pierre.Saramito@imag.fr> GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>. This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.