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       get_robust_list, set_robust_list - get/set list of robust futexes


       #include <linux/futex.h>   /* Definition of struct robust_list_head */
       #include <sys/syscall.h>   /* Definition of SYS_* constants */
       #include <unistd.h>

       long syscall(SYS_get_robust_list, int pid,
                    struct robust_list_head **head_ptr, size_t *len_ptr);
       long syscall(SYS_set_robust_list,
                    struct robust_list_head *head, size_t len);

       Note:  glibc  provides  no  wrappers  for  these  system  calls,  necessitating the use of


       These system calls deal with per-thread robust futex lists.  These lists  are  managed  in
       user  space:  the  kernel knows only about the location of the head of the list.  A thread
       can inform the kernel of the location of its robust futex  list  using  set_robust_list().
       The address of a thread's robust futex list can be obtained using get_robust_list().

       The  purpose  of the robust futex list is to ensure that if a thread accidentally fails to
       unlock a futex before terminating or calling execve(2), another thread that is waiting  on
       that  futex  is  notified  that the former owner of the futex has died.  This notification
       consists of two pieces: the FUTEX_OWNER_DIED bit is set in the futex word, and the  kernel
       performs a futex(2) FUTEX_WAKE operation on one of the threads waiting on the futex.

       The  get_robust_list() system call returns the head of the robust futex list of the thread
       whose thread ID is specified in pid.  If pid is 0, the head of the list  for  the  calling
       thread  is returned.  The list head is stored in the location pointed to by head_ptr.  The
       size of the object pointed to by **head_ptr is stored in len_ptr.

       Permission  to  employ  get_robust_list()  is   governed   by   a   ptrace   access   mode
       PTRACE_MODE_READ_REALCREDS check; see ptrace(2).

       The  set_robust_list()  system  call requests the kernel to record the head of the list of
       robust futexes owned by the calling thread.  The head argument is the list head to record.
       The len argument should be sizeof(*head).


       The set_robust_list() and get_robust_list() system calls return zero when the operation is
       successful, an error code otherwise.


       The set_robust_list() system call can fail with the following error:

       EINVAL len does not equal sizeof(struct robust_list_head).

       The get_robust_list() system call can fail with the following errors:

       EFAULT The head of the robust futex list can't be stored at the location head.

       EPERM  The calling process does not have permission to see the robust futex  list  of  the
              thread with the thread ID pid, and does not have the CAP_SYS_PTRACE capability.

       ESRCH  No thread with the thread ID pid could be found.


       These system calls were added in Linux 2.6.17.


       These system calls are not needed by normal applications.

       A thread can have only one robust futex list; therefore applications that wish to use this
       functionality should use the robust mutexes provided by glibc.

       In the initial implementation, a thread waiting on a futex was notified that the owner had
       died  only if the owner terminated.  Starting with Linux 2.6.28, notification was extended
       to include the case where the owner performs an execve(2).

       The thread IDs mentioned in the main text are kernel thread IDs of the  kind  returned  by
       clone(2) and gettid(2).


       futex(2), pthread_mutexattr_setrobust(3)

       Documentation/robust-futexes.txt   and  Documentation/robust-futex-ABI.txt  in  the  Linux
       kernel source tree


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