Provided by: libcurl4-doc_7.85.0-1_all bug


       libcurl-url - URL interface overview


       The URL interface provides functions for parsing and generating URLs.


       You still only include <curl/curl.h> in your code.


       Create a handle that holds URL info and resources with curl_url(3):

         CURLU *h = curl_url();


       When done with it, clean it up with curl_url_cleanup(3):



       When you need a copy of a handle, just duplicate it with curl_url_dup(3):

         CURLU *nh = curl_url_dup(h);


       By "setting" a URL to the handle with curl_url_set(3), the URL is parsed and stored in the
       handle. If the URL is not syntactically correct it will return an error instead.

         rc = curl_url_set(h, CURLUPART_URL,
                           "", 0);

       The zero in the fourth argument is a bitmask for changing specific features.

       If successful, this stores the URL in its individual parts within the handle.


       When a handle already contains info about a URL, setting  a  relative  URL  will  make  it
       "redirect" to adapt to it.

         rc = curl_url_set(h, CURLUPART_URL, "../test?another", 0);


       The `CURLU` handle represents a URL and you can easily extract that with curl_url_get(3):

         char *url;
         rc = curl_url_get(h, CURLUPART_URL, &url, 0);

       The zero in the fourth argument is a bitmask for changing specific features.


       When  a  URL has been parsed or parts have been set, you can extract those pieces from the
       handle at any time.

         rc = curl_url_get(h, CURLUPART_HOST, &host, 0);
         rc = curl_url_get(h, CURLUPART_SCHEME, &scheme, 0);
         rc = curl_url_get(h, CURLUPART_USER, &user, 0);
         rc = curl_url_get(h, CURLUPART_PASSWORD, &password, 0);
         rc = curl_url_get(h, CURLUPART_PORT, &port, 0);
         rc = curl_url_get(h, CURLUPART_PATH, &path, 0);
         rc = curl_url_get(h, CURLUPART_QUERY, &query, 0);
         rc = curl_url_get(h, CURLUPART_FRAGMENT, &fragment, 0);

       Extracted parts  are  not  URL  decoded  unless  the  user  also  asks  for  it  with  the
       CURLU_URLDECODE flag set in the fourth bitmask argument.

       Remember to free the returned string with curl_free(3) when you are done with it!


       A  user  set  individual  URL  parts,  either after having parsed a full URL or instead of
       parsing such.

         rc = curl_url_set(urlp, CURLUPART_HOST, "", 0);
         rc = curl_url_set(urlp, CURLUPART_SCHEME, "https", 0);
         rc = curl_url_set(urlp, CURLUPART_USER, "john", 0);
         rc = curl_url_set(urlp, CURLUPART_PASSWORD, "doe", 0);
         rc = curl_url_set(urlp, CURLUPART_PORT, "443", 0);
         rc = curl_url_set(urlp, CURLUPART_PATH, "/index.html", 0);
         rc = curl_url_set(urlp, CURLUPART_QUERY, "name=john", 0);
         rc = curl_url_set(urlp, CURLUPART_FRAGMENT, "anchor", 0);

       Set parts are not URL encoded unless the user asks for it with the `CURLU_URLENCODE` flag.


       An application can append  a  string  to  the  right  end  of  the  query  part  with  the
       `CURLU_APPENDQUERY` flag to curl_url_set(3).

       Imagine  a  handle  that  holds the URL ``. An application can
       then add the string `hat=1` to the query part like this:

         rc = curl_url_set(urlp, CURLUPART_QUERY, "hat=1", CURLU_APPENDQUERY);

       It will even notice the lack of an ampersand (`&`) separator so it will  inject  one  too,
       and the handle's full URL will then equal ``.

       The appended string can of course also get URL encoded on add, and if asked to URL encode,
       the encoding process will skip the '=' character. For example, append `candy=N&N` to  what
       we already have, and URL encode it to deal with the ampersand in the data:

         rc = curl_url_set(urlp, CURLUPART_QUERY, "candy=N&N",
                           CURLU_APPENDQUERY | CURLU_URLENCODE);

       Now the URL looks like`


       The URL API was introduced in libcurl 7.62.0.


       curl_url(3),   curl_url_cleanup(3),   curl_url_get(3),  curl_url_dup(3),  curl_url_set(3),
       curl_url_strerror(3), CURLOPT_URL(3)