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     CPU_ELAN — AMD Elan 520 CPU support


     options CPU_ELAN
     options CPU_ELAN_PPS
     options CPU_ELAN_XTAL
     options CPU_SOEKRIS


     The options CPU_ELAN enables support for the AMD Elan 520 CPU.

     A device /dev/elan-mmcr exports the MMCR register bank to userland using mmap(2).

     The i8254 timer will be adjusted to the slightly unorthodox frequency 1189161 Hz (32768 * 45
     * 25 / 31) employed by the Elan.

     A timecounter named “ELAN” is implemented using the general purpose timer 2, but it will not
     be usable unless HZ is configured at 150 or higher.  This timecounter is much better than
     the “i8254” timecounter and should be used at all times.

     The machdep.elan_gpio_config sysctl(8) variable enables configuration of the GPIO pins of
     the CPU.  The string must be exactly 32 characters long.  A ‘-’ means the GPIO is
     unavailable.  A ‘l’ (lower-case ell) configures a led(4) device (active low).  A ‘L’
     configures a led(4) device (active high).  A ‘.’ means no configuration for this GPIO.
     These led(4) devices will be named /dev/led/gpio%d.  For meaning of ‘P’, ‘e’ and ‘E’, see
     under options CPU_ELAN_PPS.

     The options CPU_ELAN_XTAL and the machdep.elan_freq sysctl(8) variable can be used to set
     the CPU clock crystal frequency in Hz.  The default is 33333333 Hz.

     The options CPU_ELAN_PPS enables precision timestamping using the RFC2783 PPS-API via the
     /dev/elan-mmcr device.  The resolution will be approximately 125 nsec and the precision ±
     125 nsec.  (For 125 nsec read “4 / CPU clock crystal frequency”.)

     The input signal must be connected to the TMR1IN pin and a GPIO pin.  The GPIO pin must be
     configured with a ‘P’ in machdep.elan_gpio_config.

     In addition, one GPIO pin can be configured with either ‘e’ (active low) or ‘E’ (active
     high) to become a “echo” output of the input signal.  Please notice that this signal is not
     suitable for calibration.

     If the options CPU_SOEKRIS is given, the support will additionally be tailored to the
     Soekris Engineering 45xx series of embedded computers.  The “error” led will be configured
     (as /dev/led/error) and the GPIO pins which are not available will be disabled.


     led(4), timecounters(4), sysctl(8)


     The CPU_ELAN code first appeared in FreeBSD 4.7.


     Poul-Henning Kamp <>