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       ipnat - Network Address Translation kernel interface


       #include <netinet/ip_compat.h>
       #include <netinet/ip_fil.h>
       #include <netinet/ip_proxy.h>
       #include <netinet/ip_nat.h>


       To  add  and  delete  rules to the NAT list, two 'basic' ioctls are provided for use.  The
       ioctl's are called as:

            ioctl(fd, SIOCADNAT, struct ipnat **)
            ioctl(fd, SIOCRMNAT, struct ipnat **)
            ioctl(fd, SIOCGNATS, struct natstat **)
            ioctl(fd, SIOCGNATL, struct natlookup **)

       Unlike ipf(4), there is only a single list supported by  the  kernel  NAT  interface.   An
       inactive list which can be swapped to is not currently supported.

       These  ioctl's  are  implemented  as  being routing ioctls and thus the same rules for the
       various routing ioctls and the file descriptor are employed, mainly being that the fd must
       be that of the device associated with the module (i.e., /dev/ipl).

       The structure used with the NAT interface is described below:

       typedef struct  ipnat   {
               struct  ipnat   *in_next;
               void    *in_ifp;
               u_short in_flags;
               u_short in_pnext;
               u_short in_port[2];
               struct  in_addr in_in[2];
               struct  in_addr in_out[2];
               struct  in_addr in_nextip;
               int     in_space;
               int     in_redir; /* 0 if it's a mapping, 1 if it's a hard redir */
               char    in_ifname[IFNAMSIZ];
       } ipnat_t;

       #define in_pmin         in_port[0]      /* Also holds static redir port */
       #define in_pmax         in_port[1]
       #define in_nip          in_nextip.s_addr
       #define in_inip         in_in[0].s_addr
       #define in_inmsk        in_in[1].s_addr
       #define in_outip        in_out[0].s_addr
       #define in_outmsk       in_out[1].s_addr

       Recognised values for in_redir:

       #define NAT_MAP         0
       #define NAT_REDIRECT    1

       NAT  statistics Statistics on the number of packets mapped, going in and out are kept, the
       number of times a new entry is added and deleted (through expiration) to the NAT table and
       the current usage level of the NAT table.

       Pointers  to  the  NAT  table inside the kernel, as well as to the top of the internal NAT
       lists constructed with the SIOCADNAT ioctls.  The table itself is a  hash  table  of  size
       NAT_SIZE (default size is 367).

       To  retrieve  the  statistics,  the  SIOCGNATS  ioctl  must  be used, with the appropriate
       structure passed by reference, as follows:
            ioctl(fd, SIOCGNATS, struct natstat *)

       typedef struct  natstat {
               u_long  ns_mapped[2];
               u_long  ns_added;
               u_long  ns_expire;
               u_long  ns_inuse;
               nat_t   ***ns_table;
               ipnat_t *ns_list;
       } natstat_t;


       It would be nice if there were more flexibility when adding and deleting filter rules.




       ipf(4), ipnat(5), ipf(8), ipnat(8), ipfstat(8)