Provided by: librheolef-dev_7.2-2_amd64

#### NAME

```       minres - minimum residual algorithm (rheolef-7.2)

```

#### SYNOPSIS

```       template <class Matrix, class Vector, class Preconditioner>
int minres (const Matrix &A, Vector &x, const Vector &Mb, const Preconditioner &M,
const solver_option& sopt = solver_option())

```

#### DESCRIPTION

```       This function solves the symmetric positive but possibly singular linear system A*x=b with
the minimal residual method. The minres function follows the algorithm described in

C. C. Paige and M. A. Saunders,
Solution of sparse indefinite systems of linear equations",
SIAM J. Numer. Anal., 12(4), 1975.

For more, see http://www.stanford.edu/group/SOL/software.html and also at page 60 of the
PhD report:

S.-C. T. Choi,
Iterative methods for singular linear equations and least-squares problems,
Stanford University, 2006,
http://www.stanford.edu/group/SOL/dissertations/sou-cheng-choi-thesis.pdf

```

#### EXAMPLE

```           solver_option sopt;
sopt.max_iter = 100;
sopt.tol = 1e-7;
int status = minres (A, x, b, eye(), sopt);

The fourth argument of minres is a preconditionner: here, the eye(5) one is a do-nothing
preconditionner, for simplicity. Finally, the solver_option(4) variable sopt transmits the
stopping criterion with sopt.tol and sopt.max_iter.

On return, the sopt.residue and sopt.n_iter indicate the reached residue and the number of
iterations effectively performed. The return status is zero when the prescribed tolerance
tol has been obtained, and non-zero otherwise. Also, the x variable contains the
approximate solution. See also the solver_option(4) for more controls upon the stopping
criterion.

```

#### IMPLEMENTATION

```       This documentation has been generated from file linalg/lib/minres.h

The present template implementation is inspired from the IML++ 1.2 iterative method
library, http://math.nist.gov/iml++

template <class Matrix, class Vector, class Preconditioner>
int minres (const Matrix &A, Vector &x, const Vector &Mb, const Preconditioner &M,
const solver_option& sopt = solver_option())

{
// Size &max_iter, Real &tol, odiststream *p_derr = 0
typedef typename Vector::size_type  Size;
typedef typename Vector::float_type Real;
std::string label = (sopt.label != "" ? sopt.label : "minres");
Vector b = M.solve(Mb);
Real norm_b = sqrt(fabs(dot(Mb,b)));
if (sopt.absolute_stopping || norm_b == Real(0.)) norm_b = 1;
Vector Mr = Mb - A*x;
Vector z = M.solve(Mr);
Real beta2 = dot(Mr, z);
Real norm_r = sqrt(fabs(beta2));
sopt.residue = norm_r/norm_b;
if (sopt.p_err) (*sopt.p_err) << "[" << label << "] #iteration residue" << std::endl
<< "[" << label << "] 0 " << sopt.residue << std::endl;
if (beta2 < 0 || sopt.residue <= sopt.tol) {
return 0;
}
Real beta = sqrt(beta2);
Real eta = beta;
Vector Mv = Mr/beta;
Vector  u =  z/beta;
Real c_old = 1.;
Real s_old = 0.;
Real c = 1.;
Real s = 0.;
Vector u_old  (x.ownership(), 0.);
Vector Mv_old (x.ownership(), 0.);
Vector w      (x.ownership(), 0.);
Vector w_old  (x.ownership(), 0.);
Vector w_old2 (x.ownership(), 0.);
for (sopt.n_iter = 1; sopt.n_iter <= sopt.max_iter; sopt.n_iter++) {
// Lanczos
Mr = A*u;
z = M.solve(Mr);
Real alpha = dot(Mr, u);
Mr = Mr - alpha*Mv - beta*Mv_old;
z  =  z - alpha*u  - beta*u_old;
beta2 = dot(Mr, z);
if (beta2 < 0) {
dis_warning_macro ("minres: machine precision problem");
sopt.residue = norm_r/norm_b;
return 2;
}
Real beta_old = beta;
beta = sqrt(beta2);
// QR factorisation
Real c_old2 = c_old;
Real s_old2 = s_old;
c_old = c;
s_old = s;
Real rho0 = c_old*alpha - c_old2*s_old*beta_old;
Real rho2 = s_old*alpha + c_old2*c_old*beta_old;
Real rho1 = sqrt(sqr(rho0) + sqr(beta));
Real rho3 = s_old2 * beta_old;
// Givens rotation
c = rho0 / rho1;
s = beta / rho1;
// update
w_old2 = w_old;
w_old  = w;
w = (u - rho2*w_old - rho3*w_old2)/rho1;
x += c*eta*w;
eta = -s*eta;
Mv_old = Mv;
u_old = u;
Mv = Mr/beta;
u =  z/beta;
// check residue
norm_r *= s;
sopt.residue = norm_r/norm_b;
if (sopt.p_err) (*sopt.p_err) << "[" << label << "] " << sopt.n_iter << " " << sopt.residue << std::endl;
if (sopt.residue <= sopt.tol) return 0;
}
return 1;
}

```

#### AUTHOR

```       Pierre  Saramito  <Pierre.Saramito@imag.fr>

```

```       Copyright   (C)  2000-2018  Pierre  Saramito  <Pierre.Saramito@imag.fr> GPLv3+: GNU GPL