Provided by: rofi_1.7.3-0.1_amd64 bug


       rofi-theme - Rofi theme format files


       By  default,  rofi  loads  the default theme. This theme is always loaded.  In the default
       (always loaded) configuration it does:

              @theme "default"

       To unload the default theme, and load another theme, add @theme to your config.rasi file.

       If you have a theme loaded by @theme or use the default theme, you can tweak it by  adding
       overriding elements at the end of your config.rasi file.

       For  the  difference  between @import and @theme see the Multiple file handling section in
       this manpage.

       To see the default theme, run the following command:

              rofi -no-config -dump-theme


       The need for a new theme format was motivated by  the  fact  that  the  way  rofi  handled
       widgets  has  changed.  From  a very static drawing of lines and text to a nice structured
       form of packing widgets. This change made it possible to provide  a  more  flexible  theme
       framework.  The  old  theme format and config file are not flexible enough to expose these
       options in a user-friendly way. Therefore, a new file format has been  created,  replacing
       the old one.



       The  encoding  of the file is utf-8. Both unix (\n) and windows (\r\n) newlines format are
       supported. But unix is preferred.


       C and C++ file comments are supported.

              • Anything after  // and before a newline is considered a comment.

              • Everything between /* and */ is a comment.

       Comments can be nested and the C comments can be inline.

       The following is valid:

              // Magic comment.
              property: /* comment */ value;

       However, this is not:

              prop/*comment*/erty: value;

White space

       White space and newlines, like comments, are ignored by the parser.


              property: name;

       Is identical to:

                   property             :


File extension

       The preferred file extension for the new theme format is rasi. This is an abbreviation for
       rofi advanced style information.

Basic Structure

       Each  element  has  a section with defined properties. Global properties can be defined in
       section * { }.  Sub-section names begin with a hash symbol #.

       It is advised to define the  global  properties  section  on  top  of  the  file  to  make
       inheritance of properties clearer.

              /* Global properties section */
              * {
                  // list of properties

              /* Element theme section. */
              {element path} {
                  // list of properties
              {elements... } {
                  // list of properties

       If  there  are multiple sections with the same name, they are merged. Duplicate properties
       are overwritten and the last parsed entry kept.

Global properties section

       A theme can have one or more global properties sections. If there is more than  one,  they
       will be merged.

       The  global  properties  section  denotes the defaults for each element.  Each property of
       this section can be referenced with @{identifier} (See Properties section)

       A global properties section is indicated with a * as element path.

Element theme section

       A theme can have multiple element theme sections.

       The element path can consist of multiple names separated  by  whitespace  or  dots.   Each
       element  may  contain  any  number  of letters, numbers and -'s.  The first element in the
       element path should always start with a #.  Multiple elements can be specified by a ,.

       This is a valid element name:

              element normal.normal {
                  background-color: blue;
              button {
                  background-color: blue;

       And is identical to:

              element normal normal, button {
                  background-color: blue;

       Each section inherits the global properties. Properties can be explicitly  inherited  from
       their parent with the inherit keyword.  In the following example:

              window {
               a: 1;
               b: 2;
               children: [ mainbox ];
              mainbox {
                  a: inherit;
                  b: 4;
                  c: 8;

       The  element  mainbox  will have the following set of properties (if mainbox is a child of

              a: 1;
              b: 4;
              c: 8;

       If multiple sections are defined with the same name, they are merged  by  the  parser.  If
       multiple  properties  with  the same name are defined in one section, the last encountered
       property is used.

Properties Format

       The properties in a section consist of:

              {identifier}: {value};

       Both fields are mandatory for a property.

       The identifier names the specified property. Identifiers can consist of any combination of
       numbers,  letters and '-'. It must not contain any whitespace.  The structure of the value
       defines the type of the property. The current parser does not define or enforce a  certain
       type  of  a  particular  identifier.  When used, values with the wrong type that cannot be
       converted are ignored.

       The current theme format supports different types:

              • a string

              • an integer number

              • a fractional number

              • a boolean value

              • a color

              • image

              • text style

              • line style

              • a distance

              • a padding

              • a border

              • a position

              • a reference

              • an orientation

              • a cursor

              • a list of keywords

              • an array of values

              • an environment variable

              • Inherit

       Some of these types are a combination of other types.


              • Format:  "[:print:]+"

       A string is always surrounded by double quotes ("). Between the quotes there  can  be  any
       printable character.

       For example:

              font: "Awasome 12";

       The string must be valid UTF-8.


              • Format: [-+]?[:digit:]+

       An integer may contain any number.

       For examples:

              lines: 12;


              • Format: [-+]?[:digit:]+(\.[:digit:]+)?

       A real is an integer with an optional fraction.

       For example:

              real: 3.4;

       The following is not valid: .3, 3. or scientific notation: 3.4e-3.


              • Format: (true|false)

       Boolean value is either true or false. This is case-sensitive.

       For example:

              dynamic: false;


       rofi support a limited set of background-image formats.

              • Format: url("path to image");

              • Format: url("path to image", scale); where scale is: none, both, width, height

              • Format: linear-gradient(stop color,stop1, color, stop2 color, ...);

              • Format: linear-gradient(to direction, stop color,stop1, color, stop2 color, ...);
                where direction is:   top,left,right,bottom.

              • Format: linear-gradient(angle, stop color,stop1, color, stop2 color, ...);  Angle
                in deg,rad,grad (as used in color).

       Where the path is a string, and stop color is of type color.


       rofi supports the color formats as specified in the CSS standard (1,2,3 and some of CSS 4)

              • Format: #{HEX}{3} (rgb)

              • Format: #{HEX}{4} (rgba)

              • Format: #{HEX}{6} (rrggbb)

              • Format: #{HEX}{8} (rrggbbaa)

              • Format: rgb[a]({INTEGER},{INTEGER},{INTEGER}[, {PERCENTAGE}])

              • Format: rgb[a]({INTEGER}%,{INTEGER}%,{INTEGER}%[, {PERCENTAGE}])

              • Format: hsl[a]( {ANGLE}, {PERCENTAGE}, {PERCENTAGE} [, {PERCENTAGE}])

              • Format: hwb[a]( {ANGLE}, {PERCENTAGE}, {PERCENTAGE} [, {PERCENTAGE}])

              • Format:   cmyk(   {PERCENTAGE},   {PERCENTAGE},   {PERCENTAGE},  {PERCENTAGE}  [,
                {PERCENTAGE} ])

              • Format: {named-color} [ / {PERCENTAGE} ]

       The white-space format proposed in CSS4 is also supported.

       The different values are:

              • {HEX} is a hexadecimal number ('0-9a-f' case insensitive).

              • {INTEGER} value can be between 0 and 255 or 0-100 when representing percentage.

              • {ANGLE} is the angle on the color wheel, can be in deg, rad, grad or  turn.  When
                no unit is specified, degrees is assumed.

              • {PERCENTAGE} can be between 0-1.0, or 0%-100%


              {named-color} is one of the following colors:

              AliceBlue,   AntiqueWhite,   Aqua,   Aquamarine,   Azure,   Beige,  Bisque,  Black,
              BlanchedAlmond,  Blue,  BlueViolet,  Brown,   BurlyWood,   CadetBlue,   Chartreuse,
              Chocolate,  Coral,  CornflowerBlue,  Cornsilk,  Crimson,  Cyan, DarkBlue, DarkCyan,
              DarkGoldenRod,   DarkGray,    DarkGrey,    DarkGreen,    DarkKhaki,    DarkMagenta,
              DarkOliveGreen,   DarkOrange,   DarkOrchid,   DarkRed,   DarkSalmon,  DarkSeaGreen,
              DarkSlateBlue, DarkSlateGray, DarkSlateGrey, DarkTurquoise,  DarkViolet,  DeepPink,
              DeepSkyBlue,  DimGray,  DimGrey,  DodgerBlue,  FireBrick, FloralWhite, ForestGreen,
              Fuchsia, Gainsboro, GhostWhite, Gold, GoldenRod, Gray,  Grey,  Green,  GreenYellow,
              HoneyDew,  HotPink,  IndianRed,  Indigo,  Ivory,  Khaki,  Lavender,  LavenderBlush,
              LawnGreen, LemonChiffon, LightBlue,  LightCoral,  LightCyan,  LightGoldenRodYellow,
              LightGray,    LightGrey,   LightGreen,   LightPink,   LightSalmon,   LightSeaGreen,
              LightSkyBlue, LightSlateGray, LightSlateGrey,  LightSteelBlue,  LightYellow,  Lime,
              LimeGreen,  Linen,  Magenta,  Maroon,  MediumAquaMarine,  MediumBlue, MediumOrchid,
              MediumPurple, MediumSeaGreen, MediumSlateBlue, MediumSpringGreen,  MediumTurquoise,
              MediumVioletRed,  MidnightBlue,  MintCream, MistyRose, Moccasin, NavajoWhite, Navy,
              OldLace, Olive, OliveDrab, Orange,  OrangeRed,  Orchid,  PaleGoldenRod,  PaleGreen,
              PaleTurquoise,  PaleVioletRed, PapayaWhip, PeachPuff, Peru, Pink, Plum, PowderBlue,
              Purple, RebeccaPurple, Red, RosyBrown, RoyalBlue, SaddleBrown, Salmon,  SandyBrown,
              SeaGreen, SeaShell, Sienna, Silver, SkyBlue, SlateBlue, SlateGray, SlateGrey, Snow,
              SpringGreen, SteelBlue, Tan,  Teal,  Thistle,  Tomato,  Turquoise,  Violet,  Wheat,
              White, WhiteSmoke, Yellow, YellowGreen,transparent

       For example:

              background-color: #FF0000;
              border-color: rgba(0,0,1, 0.5);
              text-color: SeaGreen;


              background-color: transparent;
              text-color: Black;

Text style

              • Format: (bold|italic|underline|strikethrough|none)

       Text  style  indicates  how  the  highlighted  text  is emphasized. None indicates that no
       emphasis should be applied.

              • bold: make the text thicker then the surrounding text.

              • italic: put the highlighted text in script type (slanted).

              • underline: put a line under the highlighted text.

              • strikethrough: put a line through the highlighted text.

Line style

              • Format: (dash|solid)

       Indicates how a line should be drawn.  It currently supports:
        * dash:  a dashed line, where the gap is the same width as the dash
        * solid: a solid line


              • Format: {Integer}px

              • Format: {Real}em

              • Format: {Real}ch

              • Format: {Real}%

              • Format: {Integer}mm

       A distance can be specified in 3 different units:

              • px: Screen pixels.

              • em: Relative to text height.

              • ch: Relative to width of a single number.

              • mm: Actual size in millimeters (based on dpi).

              • %:  Percentage of the monitor size.

       Distances used in the horizontal  direction  use  the  monitor  width.  Distances  in  the
       vertical direction use the monitor height.  For example:

                 padding: 10%;

       On a full-HD (1920x1080) monitor, it defines a padding of 192 pixels on the left and right
       side and 108 pixels on the top and bottom.

   Calculating sizes
       Rofi supports some maths in calculating sizes. For this it uses the CSS syntax:

              width: calc( 100% - 37px );

       It supports the following operations:

              • +   : Add

              • -   : Subtract

              • /   : Divide

              • *   : Multiply

              • %   : Multiply

              • min : Minimum of l or rvalue;

              • max : Maximum of l or rvalue;

              • floor : Round down lvalue to the next multiple of rvalue

              • ceil : Round up lvalue to the next multiple of rvalue

              • round : Round lvalue to the next multiple of rvalue

       It uses the C precedence ordering.


              • Format: {Integer}

              • Format: {Distance}

              • Format: {Distance} {Distance}

              • Format: {Distance} {Distance} {Distance}

              • Format: {Distance} {Distance} {Distance} {Distance}

       If no unit is specified, pixels are assumed.

       The different number of fields in the formats are parsed like:

              • 1 field: all

              • 2 fields: topbottom leftright

              • 3 fields: top, leftright, bottom

              • 4 fields: top, right, bottom, left


              • Format: {Integer}

              • Format: {Distance}

              • Format: {Distance} {Distance}

              • Format: {Distance} {Distance} {Distance}

              • Format: {Distance} {Distance} {Distance} {Distance}

              • Format: {Distance} {Line style}

              • Format: {Distance} {Line style} {Distance} {Line style}

              • Format: {Distance} {Line style} {Distance} {Line style} {Distance} {Line style}

              • Format: {Distance} {Line style} {Distance} {Line style} {Distance}  {Line  style}
                {Distance} {Line style}

       Borders  are  identical  to  padding,  except  that  each  distance field has a line style

              When no unit is specified, pixels are assumed.


       Indicate a place on the window/monitor.


              Format: (center|east|north|west|south|north east|north west|south west|south east)

                     north west   |    north    |  north east
                       west   |   center    |  east
                     south west   |    south    |  south east


       It is possible to hide widgets:

       inputbar {
           enabled: false; }


              • Format: @{PROPERTY NAME}

       A reference can point to another reference. Currently, the maximum number of redirects  is
       20.   A property always refers to another property. It cannot be used for a subpart of the
       property.  For example, this is not valid:

              highlight: bold @pink;

       But this is:

              * {
                  myhigh: bold #FAA;

              window {
                  highlight: @myhigh;

              • Format: var(PROPERTY NAME, DEFAULT)

       A reference can point to another reference. Currently, the maximum number of redirects  is
       20.   A property always refers to another property. It cannot be used for a subpart of the


              window {
                  width: var( width, 30%);

       If the property width is set globally (*{}) that value is used, if the property  width  is
       not set, the default value is used.


              • Format: (horizontal|vertical)

       Specify the orientation of the widget.


              • Format: (default|pointer|text)

       Specify the type of mouse cursor that is set when the mouse pointer is over the widget.

List of keywords

              • Format: [ keyword, keyword ]

       A list starts with a '[' and ends with a ']'. The entries in the list are comma-separated.
       The keyword in the list refers to an widget name.

List of values

              • Format: [ value, value, ... ]

       An  list  starts  with  a  '['  and  ends  with  a  ']'.  The  entries  in  the  list  are

Environment variable

              • Format: ${:alnum:}

       This  will  parse the environment variable as the property value. (that then can be any of
       the above types).  The environment variable  should  be  an  alphanumeric  string  without

              * {
                  background-color: ${BG};

              • Format: env(ENVIRONMENT, default)

       This  will  parse the environment variable as the property value. (that then can be any of
       the above types).  The environment variable  should  be  an  alphanumeric  string  without
       white-space.  If the environment value is not found, the default value is used.

              window {
                  width: env(WIDTH, 40%);

       If environment WIDTH is set, then that value is parsed, otherwise the default value (40%).


              • Format: inherit

       Inherits the property from its parent widget.

              mainbox {
                  border-color: inherit;


       Element  paths  exists  of  two parts, the first part refers to the actual widget by name.
       Some widgets have an extra state.

       For example:

              element selected {

       Here element selected is the name of the widget, selected is the state of the widget.

       The difference between dots and spaces is purely cosmetic. These are all the same:

              element .selected {

              element.selected {
              element selected {



       The current widgets available in rofi:

              • windowoverlay: the overlay widget.

                • mainbox: The mainbox box.

                • inputbar: The input bar box.

                  • box: the horizontal @box packing the widgets

                  • case-indicator: the case/sort indicator @textbox

                  • prompt: the prompt @textbox

                  • entry: the main entry @textbox

                  • num-rows: Shows the total number of rows.

                  • num-filtered-rows: Shows the total number of rows after filtering.

                • listview: The listview.

                  • scrollbar: the listview scrollbar

                  • element: a box in the listview holding the entries

                    • element-icon: the widget in the listview's  entry  showing  the  (optional)

                    • element-index:  the  widget  in  the  listview's  entry  keybindable  index

                    • element-text: the widget in the listview's entry showing the text.

                • mode-switcher: the main horizontal @box packing the buttons.

                  • button: the buttons @textbox for each mode

                • message: The container holding the textbox.

                  • textbox: the message textbox

       Note that these path names match the default theme. Themes that provide  a  custom  layout
       will have different elements, and structure.


       State: State of widget

       Optional flag(s) indicating state of the widget, used for theming.

       These are appended after the name or class of the widget.

       button selected.normal { }

       element selected.urgent { }

       Currently only the entrybox and scrollbar have states:

       {visible modifier}.{state}

       Where visible modifier can be:
        * normal: no modification
        * selected: the entry is selected/highlighted by user
        * alternate: the entry is at an alternating row (uneven row)

       Where state is:
        * normal: no modification
        * urgent: this entry is marked urgent
        * active: this entry is marked active

       These can be mixed.


              nametotextbox {
                  background-color: #003642;
                  text-color: #008ed4;

       Sets  all  selected  textboxes marked active to the given text and background color.  Note
       that a state modifies the original element, it therefore contains all  the  properties  of
       that element.

       The  scrollbar uses the handle state when drawing the small scrollbar handle.  This allows
       the colors used for drawing the handle to be set independently.


       The following properties are currently supported:

   all widgets:enabled:         enable/disable the widget

              • padding:         padding Padding on the inside of the widget

              • margin:          padding Margin on the outside of the widget

              • border:          border Border around the widget (between padding and margin)/

              • border-radius:    padding Sets a radius on the corners of the borders.

              • background-color:      color Background color

              • background-image:      image Background image

              • border-color:      color Color of the border

              • cursor:      cursor Type of mouse cursor that is set when the  mouse  pointer  is
                hovered over the widget.

   window:font:            string The font used in the window


              transparency:     string  Indicating  if transparency should be used and what type:
              real - True transparency. Only works  with  a  compositor.   background  -  Take  a
              screenshot of the background image and use that.  screenshot - Take a screenshot of
              the screen and use that.  Path to png file - Use an image.


              location:       position The place of the anchor on the monitor


              anchor:         anchor The anchor position on the window


              fullscreen:     boolean Window is fullscreen.


              width:          distance The width of the window


              x-offset:  distance


              y-offset:  distance The offset of the window to the anchor point, allowing  you  to
              push the window left/right/up/down

   scrollbar:background-color:    color

              • handle-width:        distance

              • handle-color:        color

              • border-color:        color

   box:orientation:      orientation
                    Set the direction the elements are packed.

              • spacing:         distance
                    Distance between the packed elements.

   textbox:background-color:  color

              • border-color:      the color used for the border around the widget.

              • font:              the font used by this textbox (string).

              • str:               the string to display by this textbox (string).

              • vertical-align:    Vertical alignment of the text. A number between 0 (top) and 1

              • horizontal-align:  Horizontal alignment of the text. A number  between  0  (left)
                and 1 (right).

              • text-color:        the text color to use.

              • highlight:          text  style  {color}.   color is optional, multiple highlight
                styles can be added like: bold underline italic  #000000;  This  option  is  only
                available on the element-text widget.

              • width:             override the desired width for the textbox.

              • content:           Set the displayed text (String).

              • placeholder:       Set the displayed text (String) when nothing is entered.

              • placeholder-color: Color of the placeholder text.

              • blink:             Enable/Disable blinking on an input textbox (Boolean).

              • markup:             Force  markup on, beware that only valid pango markup strings
                are shown.

              • tab-stops:         array of distances Set the location  of  tab  stops  by  their
                distance  from  the  beginning of the line.  Each distance should be greater than
                the previous one.  The text appears to the right of the tab stop position  (other
                alignments are not supported yet).

   listview:columns:         integer Number of columns to show (at least 1)

              • fixed-height:     boolean  Always  show  lines  rows,  even if fewer elements are

              • dynamic:         boolean True if the size should change when filtering the  list,
                False if it should keep the original height.

              • scrollbar:       boolean If the scrollbar should be enabled/disabled.

              • scrollbar-width: distance Width of the scrollbar

              • cycle:           boolean When navigating, it should wrap around

              • spacing:          distance  Spacing  between  the  elements  (both  vertical  and

              • lines:           integer Number of rows to show in the list view.

              • layout:           orientation  Indicate  how  elements  are  stacked.  Horizontal
                implements the dmenu style.

              • reverse:         boolean Reverse the ordering (top down to bottom up).

              • fixed-columns:     boolean  Do not reduce the number of columns shown when number
                of visible elements is not enough to fill them all.

       Each element is a box called  element.  Each  element  can  contain  an  element-icon  and

   listview text highlight:
       The  element-text widget in the listview is the one used to show the text.  On this widget
       set the highlight property (only place this property is  used)  to  change  the  style  of
       highlighting.  The highlight property consist of the text-style property and a color.

       To disable highlighting:

                element-text {
                  highlight: None;

       To set to red underlined:

                element-text {
                  highlight: underline red;


       The  new  format allows the layout of the rofi window to be tweaked extensively.  For each
       widget, the themer can specify padding, margin, border, font, and more.  It  even  allows,
       as an advanced feature, to pack widgets in a custom structure.

   Basic structure
       The  whole  view  is  made  out of boxes that pack other boxes or widgets.  The box can be
       vertical or horizontal. This is loosely inspired by GTK ⟨⟩.

       The current layout of rofi is structured as follows:

              | window {BOX:vertical}                                                              |
              | |-------------------------------------------------------------------------------|  |
              | | mainbox  {BOX:vertical}                                                       |  |
              | | |---------------------------------------------------------------------------| |  |
              | | | inputbar {BOX:horizontal}                                                 | |  |
              | | | |---------| |-| |---------------------------------|---| |---| |---| |---| | |  |
              | | | | prompt  | |:| | entry                           |#fr| | / | |#ns| |ci | | |  |
              | | | |---------| |_| |---------------------------------|---| |---| |---| |---| | |  |
              | | |---------------------------------------------------------------------------| |  |
              | |                                                                               |  |
              | | |---------------------------------------------------------------------------| |  |
              | | | message                                                                   | |  |
              | | | |-----------------------------------------------------------------------| | |  |
              | | | | textbox                                                               | | |  |
              | | | |-----------------------------------------------------------------------| | |  |
              | | |---------------------------------------------------------------------------| |  |
              | |                                                                               |  |
              | | |-----------------------------------------------------------------------------|  |
              | | | listview                                                                    |  |
              | | | |------------------------------------------------------------------------]  |  |
              | | | | element                                                                |  |  |
              | | | | |-----------------| |------------------------------------------------] |  |  |
              | | | | |element-icon     | |element-text                                    | |  |  |
              | | | | |-----------------| |------------------------------------------------| |  |  |
              | | | |------------------------------------------------------------------------]  |  |
              | | |-----------------------------------------------------------------------------|  |
              | |                                                                               |  |
              | | |---------------------------------------------------------------------------| |  |
              | | |  mode-switcher {BOX:horizontal}                                           | |  |
              | | | |---------------|   |---------------|  |--------------| |---------------| | |  |
              | | | | Button        |   | Button        |  | Button       | | Button        | | |  |
              | | | |---------------|   |---------------|  |--------------| |---------------| | |  |
              | | |---------------------------------------------------------------------------| |  |
              | |-------------------------------------------------------------------------------|  |

                     • ci is the case-indicator

                     • fr is the num-filtered-rows

                     • ns is the num-rows

   Error message structure
              | window {BOX:vertical}                                                             |
              | |------------------------------------------------------------------------------|  |
              | | error-message {BOX:vertical}                                                 |  |
              | | |-------------------------------------------------------------------------|  |  |
              | | | textbox                                                                 |  |  |
              | | |-------------------------------------------------------------------------|  |  |
              | |------------------------------------------------------------------------------|  |

   Advanced layout
       The layout of rofi can be tweaked by packing the 'fixed' widgets in a custom structure.

       The following widgets are fixed, as they provide core rofi functionality:

              • prompt

              • entry

              • overlay

              • case-indicator

              • message

              • listview

              • mode-switcher

              • num-rows

              • num-filtered-rows

       The following keywords are defined and can be used to automatically pack a subset  of  the
       widgets.  These are used in the default theme as depicted in the figure above.

              • mainbox Packs: inputbar, message, listview, mode-switcher

              • inputbar Packs: prompt,entry,case-indicator

       Any  widget name starting with textbox is a textbox widget, others are box widgets and can
       pack other widgets.

       There are several special widgets that can be used by prefixing the name of the widget:

       This is a read-only textbox widget. The displayed string can be set with content.


              textbox-custom {
                expand: false;
                content: "My Message";

       This is an icon widget. The displayed icon can be set with filename and  size  with  size.
       If  the  property  action  is set, it acts as a button.  action can be set to a keybinding
       name and completes that action. (see rofi -show keys for a list).

       If the squared property is set to false the widget height and width are not forced  to  be


              icon-paste {
                  expand: false;
                  filename: "gtk-paste";
                  size: 24;
                  vertical-align: 0.5;
                  action: "kb-primary-paste";

       This  is  a  textbox widget that can have a 'clickable' action.  The action can be set to:
       keybinding: accepts a keybinding name and completes that action. (see rofi -show keys  for
       a list).

              button-paste {
                  expand: false;
                  content: "My Clickable Message";
                  vertical-align: 0.5;
                  action: "kb-primary-paste";

       To  specify children, set the children property (this always happens on the box child, see
       example below):

              inputbar {
                children: [prompt,entry,overlay,case-indicator];

       The theme needs to be updated to match the hierarchy specified.

       Below is an example of a theme emulating dmenu:

              * {
                  background-color:      Black;
                  text-color:            White;
                  border-color:          White;
                  font:            "Times New Roman 12";

              window {
                  anchor:     north;
                  location:   north;
                  width:      100%;
                  padding:    4px;
                  children:   [ horibox ];

              horibox {
                  orientation: horizontal;
                  children:   [ prompt, entry, listview ];

              listview {
                  layout:     horizontal;
                  spacing:    5px;
                  lines:      10;

              entry {
                  expand:     false;
                  width:      10em;

              element {
                  padding: 0px 2px;
              element selected {
                  background-color: SteelBlue;

   Padding and margin
       Just like CSS, rofi uses the box model for each widget.

              | margin                                                            |
              |  |-------------------------------------------------------------|  |
              |  | border                                                      |  |
              |  | |---------------------------------------------------------| |  |
              |  | | padding                                                 | |  |
              |  | | |-----------------------------------------------------| | |  |
              |  | | | content                                             | | |  |
              |  | | |-----------------------------------------------------| | |  |
              |  | |---------------------------------------------------------| |  |
              |  |-------------------------------------------------------------|  |

       Explanation of the different parts:

              • Content - The content of the widget.

              • Padding - Clears an area around the widget.  The  padding  shows  the  background
                color of the widget.

              • Border  -  A border that goes around the padding and content.  The border use the
                border-color of the widget.

              • Margin - Clears an area outside the border.  The margin is transparent.

       The box model allows us to add a border around  elements,  and  to  define  space  between

       The  size of each margin, border, and padding can be set.  For the border, a linestyle and
       radius can be set.

       Widgets that can pack more then one child widget (currently box  and  listview)  have  the
       spacing  property.   This  property  sets  the  distance  between the packed widgets (both
       horizontally and vertically).

              |  |--------| s |--------| s |-------|  |
              |  | child  | p | child  | p | child |  |
              |  |        | a |        | a |       |  |
              |  |        | c |        | c |       |  |
              |  |        | i |        | i |       |  |
              |  |        | n |        | n |       |  |
              |  |--------| g |--------| g |-------|  |

   Advanced box packing
       More dynamic spacing can be achieved by adding dummy widgets,  for  example  to  make  one
       widget centered:

              |  |---------------|  |--------|  |---------------|  |
              |  | dummy         |  | child  |  | dummy         |  |
              |  | expand: true; |  |        |  | expand: true; |  |
              |  |               |  |        |  |               |  |
              |  |               |  |        |  |               |  |
              |  |               |  |        |  |               |  |
              |  |---------------|  |--------|  |---------------|  |

       If  both  dummy widgets are set to expand, child will be centered. Depending on the expand
       flag of child the remaining space will be equally divided between  both  dummy  and  child
       widget (expand enabled), or both dummy widgets (expand disabled).


       To get debug information from the parser, run rofi like:

              G_MESSAGES_DEBUG=Parser rofi -show run

       Syntax errors are shown in a popup and printed out to command line with the above command.

       To see the elements queried during running, run:

              G_MESSAGES_DEBUG=Theme rofi -show run

       To test minor changes, part of the theme can be passed on the command line, for example to
       set it to full-screen:

              rofi -theme-str 'window { fullscreen:true;}' -show run

       Another syntax to modify theme properties is:

              rofi -theme+window+fullscreen true -show run

       To print the current theme, run:

              rofi -dump-theme

Media support

       Parts of the theme can be conditionally loaded, like the CSS @media option.

              @media ( min-width: 120 ) {


       It supports the following keys as constraint:

              • min-width:         load when width is bigger or equal then value.

              • max-width:         load when width is smaller then value.

              • min-height:        load when height is bigger or equal then value.

              • max-height:        load when height is smaller then value.

              • min-aspect-ratio   load when aspect ratio is over value.

              • max-aspect-ratio:  load when aspect ratio is under value.

              • monitor-id:        The monitor id, see rofi -help for id's.

       @media takes an integer number or a fraction, for integer number px can be added.

              @media ( min-width: 120 px ) {


Font Parsing

       Rofi uses  pango  ⟨⟩  for  font  rendering.  The  font  should  be
       specified  in a format that pango understands.  This normally is the font name followed by
       the font size. For example:

              mono 18


              FontAwesome 22

Multiple file handling

       The rasi file format offers two methods of including other files.  This  can  be  used  to
       modify existing themes, or have multiple variations on a theme.

              • import:  Import and parse a second file.

              • theme:   Discard theme, and load file as a fresh theme.


              @import "myfile"
              @theme "mytheme"

       The specified file can either by name, filename,full path.

       If a filename is provided, it will try to resolve it in the following order:

              • ${XDG_CONFIG_HOME}/rofi/themes/${XDG_CONFIG_HOME}/rofi/${XDG_DATA_HOME}/rofi/themes/${INSTALL PREFIX}/share/rofi/themes/

       A name is resolved as a filename by appending the .rasi extension.


       Several   examples   are   installed   together   with   rofi.   These  can  be  found  in
       {datadir}/rofi/themes/, where {datadir} is the install path of rofi data.  When  installed
       using a package manager, this is usually: /usr/share/.


       rofi(1), rofi-script(5), rofi-theme-selector(1)

                                            rofi-theme                              ROFI-THEME(5)