Provided by: shorewall_5.2.3.4-1_all bug


       addresses - Specifying addresses within a Shorewall configuration


       In both Shorewall and Shorewall6, there are two basic types of addresses:

       Host Address
           This address type refers to a single host.

           In IPv4, the format is i.j.k.l where i through l are decimal numbers between 1 and

           In IPv6, the format is a:b:c:d:e:f:g:h where a through h consist of 1 to 4 hexadecimal
           digits (leading zeros may be omitted). a single series of 0 addresses may be omitted.
           For example 2001:227:e857:1:0:0:0:0:1 may be written 2001:227:e857:1::1.

       Network Address
           A network address refers to 1 or more hosts and consists of a host address followed by
           a slash ("/") and a Variable Length Subnet Mask (VLSM). This is known as Classless
           Internet Domain Routing (CIDR) notation.

           The VLSM is a decimal number. For IPv4, it is in the range 0 through 32. For IPv6, the
           range is 0 through 128. The number represents the number of leading bits in the
           address that represent the network address; the remainder of the bits are a host
           address and are generally given as zero.



           IPv6: 2001:227:e857:1:0:0:0:0:1/64

       In the Shorewall documentation and manpages, we have tried to make it clear which type of
       address is accepted in each specific case.

       Because Shorewall uses a colon (":") as a separator in many contexts, IPv6 addresses are
       best written using the standard convention in which the address itself is enclosed in
       square brackets:


       Entries in Shorewall configuration files often deal with the source (SOURCE) and
       destination (DEST) of connections and Shorewall implements a uniform way for specifying

       A SOURCE or DEST consists of one to three parts separated by colons (":"):

        1. ZONE — The name of a zone declared in /etc/shorewall/zones or /etc/shorewall6/zones.
           This part is only available in the rules file (/etc/shorewall/rules,
           /etc/shorewall/blrules,/etc/shorewall6/rules and /etc/shorewall6/blrules).

        2. INTERFACE — The name of an interface that matches an entry in
           /etc/shorewall/interfaces (/etc/shorewall6/interfaces).

           Beginning with Shorweall 5.2.1, the interface may be preceded with '!' which matches
           all interfaces except the one specified.

        3. ADDRESS LIST — A list of one or more addresses (host or network) or address ranges,
           separated by commas. In an IPv6 configuration, this list must be included in square or
           angled brackets ("[...]" or "<...>"). The list may have exclusion.


        1. All hosts in the net zone — net

        2. Subnet in the loc zone — loc:

        3. All hosts in the net zone connecting through ppp0 — net:ppp0

        4. All hosts interfaced by eth3 — eth3

        5. Subnet interfacing through eth2 — eth2:

        6. Host 2002:ce7c:92b4:1:a00:27ff:feb1:46a9 in the loc zone —

        7. The primary IP address of eth0 in the $FW zone - $FW:&eth0

        8. All hosts in Vatican City - net:^VA (Requires the GeoIP Match capability).


       If you kernel and iptables have IP Range match support, you may use IP address ranges in
       Shorewall configuration file entries; IP address ranges have the syntax <low IP
       address>-<high IP address>.



       For more information about addressing, see theSetup Guide[1].


        1. Setup Guide