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       restore - Cyrus IMAP documentation

       Restore content from Cyrus backups.


       restore [OPTIONS] server [MODE] backup [ mboxname | uniqueid | guid ]...


       restore is a tool for restoring messages and mailboxes from a Cyrus backup to a Cyrus IMAP
       server.  It must be run from the server containing the backup storage.

       restore reads its configuration options out of the  imapd.conf(5)  file  unless  specified
       otherwise by -C.

       server specifies the destination server to which content should be restored.  It should be
       of the form ‘host[:port]’, where host is either a hostname, an IPv4 address,  or  an  IPv6
       address, and where the optional port is either a known service name (see services(5)) or a
       decimal port number.  If port is omitted, imap will be tried first, followed by csync.

       The destination server must point to either an  imapd(8)  instance  with  the  replication
       capability enabled, or a sync_server(8) instance.  In either case it must be Cyrus version
       3.0 or newer.

       restore will authenticate to the destination server  according  to  the  restore_authname,
       restore_password   and   restore_realm  configuration  options.   The  credentials  should
       correspond with one of the destination server’s admins.

       backup is interpreted according to the specified MODE.  See Modes below.

       If neither -a nor -F options were provided, then the remaining arguments constitute a list
       of  objects  to  be  restored.   These  may  be mailboxes (specified by either mboxname or
       uniqueid) or messages (specified by their guid).  The objects  may  be  specified  in  any
       order,   and   both  mailboxes  and  individual  messages  may  be  restored  in  one  go.
       cyr_backup(8) can be used to identify objects to restore from a Cyrus backup.

       Selected mailboxes will have their messages restored to a mailbox of the same name,  which
       will  be  created  if  necessary.   Individually-selected messages will be restored to the
       mailboxes in which they previously existed.  In both cases the -M option can  be  used  to
       override the destination mailbox (see below), but note the consequences of doing this when
       multiple mailbox objects have been specified, or when the -r option is in use.

       Mailboxes that are created during the restoration process will have their ACL set  to  the
       one stored in the backup.  The -A option can be used to override this.  Mailboxes that are
       not created during the restoration  process  (i.e.  when  restoring  into  mailboxes  that
       already exists) will not have their ACLs altered.


       -A [acl]
              Apply  specified acl to restored mailboxes, rather than their ACLs as stored in the

              If acl is the empty string (e.g. -A  "")  or  is  unspecified,  mailboxes  will  be
              restored  with  the default ACL for their destination owner.  This is mostly useful
              when restoring folders from one user’s backup into a different user’s mailbox.

       -C config-file
              Use  the  specified  configuration  file  config-file  rather  than   the   default

       -D     Don’t  trim  deletedprefix  from  mailbox names prior to restoring.  This is mainly
              useful for rebuilding failed servers, where deleted mailboxes should be restored as
              deleted mailboxes, not as new ones.

              The default is to trim the prefix before restoring.

              If  the original server from which the backups were produced had delete_mode set to
              immediate, then the mailboxes in the backup will not have such a prefix,  and  this
              option won’t have any useful effect.

              See   imapd.conf(5)   for  information  about  the  deletedprefix  and  delete_mode
              configuration options.

       -F input-file
              Get the list of mailboxes or messages from input-file instead of from  the  command
              line arguments.

              input-file should contain one object specification (either an mboxname, a uniqueid,
              or a guid) per line.  Empty lines, and lines beginning with a  ‘#’  character,  are

       -L     Local  operations  only.   Actions  required to restore the requested mailboxes and
              messages will be performed on the destination server only.  mupdate(8) actions will
              not occur.

              The  default is for mupdate actions to occur if the destination server is part of a

              This option has no effect if the destination server is not part of a murder.

       -M mboxname
              Messages are restored to the mailbox with the specified mboxname.  If no mailbox of
              this name exists, one will be created.

              If  multiple  mailbox objects are to be restored, whether due to being specified on
              the command line, in an input-file, or via  the  -r  option,  then  the  collective
              contents  of  all  such  mailboxes will be restored to the single mailbox mboxname.
              This may not be what you want!

              The default when restoring mailboxes is to restore their respective  contents  into
              mailboxes of the same names.

              The  default  when  restoring  individual  messages  is  to restore them into their
              original mailboxes.

       -P partition
              Restore mailboxes to the specified partition

       -U     Try to preserve uidvalidity and  other  related  fields,  such  that  the  restored
              mailboxes  and  messages  appear  like  they never left, and IMAP clients can avoid
              expensive state updates.

              This can only occur if the mailboxes to be restored do not  already  exist  on  the
              destination server.  As such, this option is mainly useful when rebuilding a failed

              If the destination mailboxes already exist, restored messages will be  appended  as
              if newly delivered, regardless of whether the -U option was specified.

       -X     Do not restore messages that are marked as expunged in the backup.

              See also -x.

       -a     Try to restore all mailboxes in the specified backup.

       -n     Do  nothing.   The work required to perform the restoration will be calculated (and
              reported depending on verbosity level), but no restoration will take place, and  no
              connection will be made to the destination server.

              Note that the server argument is still mandatory with this option.

       -r     Recurse  into  submailboxes.   When restoring mailboxes, also restore any mailboxes
              contained within them.

              The default is to restore only explicitly-specified mailboxes.

       -v     Increase the verbosity level.  This option can  be  specified  multiple  times  for
              additional verbosity.

       -w seconds
              Wait seconds before starting.  This is useful for attaching a debugger.

       -x     Only restore messages that are marked as expunged in the backup.

              This can be convenient for restoring messages that were accidentally deleted by the
              user, without needing to track down individual message guids.

              See also -X.

       -z     Require compression for server connection.  The restore will abort  if  compression
              is unavailable.


       -f     backup  is  interpreted  as  a  filename.  The named file does not need to be known
              about in the backups database.

       -m     backup is interpreted as a mailbox name.  There must be a known backup for the user
              whose mailbox this is.

              Known  backups  are  recorded  in  the  database  specified  by  the  backup_db and
              backup_db_path configuration options.

       -u     backup is interpreted as a userid.  There must be a known backup for the  specified

              This is the default if no mode is specified.





       imapd.conf(5), services(5), cyr_backup(8), imapd(8), mupdate(8), sync_server(8)


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