Provided by: bpfcc-tools_0.18.0+ds-2_all
execsnoop - Trace new processes via exec() syscalls. Uses Linux eBPF/bcc.
execsnoop [-h] [-T] [-t] [-x] [--cgroupmap CGROUPMAP] [--mntnsmap MAPPATH] [-u USER] [-q] [-n NAME] [-l LINE] [-U] [--max-args MAX_ARGS]
execsnoop traces new processes, showing the filename executed and argument list. It works by traces the execve() system call (commonly used exec() variant). This catches new processes that follow the fork->exec sequence, as well as processes that re-exec() themselves. Some applications fork() but do not exec(), eg, for worker processes, which won't be included in the execsnoop output. This works by tracing the kernel sys_execve() function using dynamic tracing, and will need updating to match any changes to this function. Since this uses BPF, only the root user can use this tool.
CONFIG_BPF and bcc.
-h Print usage message. -T Include a time column (HH:MM:SS). -U Include UID column. -t Include a timestamp column. -u USER Filter by UID (or username) -x Include failed exec()s -q Add "quotemarks" around arguments. Escape quotemarks in arguments with a backslash. For tracing empty arguments or arguments that contain whitespace. -n NAME Only print command lines matching this name (regex) -l LINE Only print commands where arg contains this line (regex) --max-args MAXARGS Maximum number of arguments parsed and displayed, defaults to 20 --cgroupmap MAPPATH Trace cgroups in this BPF map only (filtered in-kernel). --mntnsmap MAPPATH Trace mount namespaces in this BPF map only (filtered in-kernel). EXAMPLES Trace all exec() syscalls: # execsnoop Trace all exec() syscalls, and include timestamps: # execsnoop -t Display process UID: # execsnoop -U Trace only UID 1000: # execsnoop -u 1000 Trace only processes launched by root and display UID column: # execsnoop -Uu root Include failed exec()s: # execsnoop -x Put quotemarks around arguments. # execsnoop -q Only trace exec()s where the filename contains "mount": # execsnoop -n mount Only trace exec()s where argument's line contains "testpkg": # execsnoop -l testpkg Trace a set of cgroups only (see special_filtering.md from bcc sources for more details): # execsnoop --cgroupmap /sys/fs/bpf/test01
TIME Time of exec() return, in HH:MM:SS format. TIME(s) Time of exec() return, in seconds. UID User ID PCOMM Parent process/command name. PID Process ID PPID Parent process ID RET Return value of exec(). 0 == successs. Failures are only shown when using the -x option. ARGS Filename for the exec(), followed be up to 19 arguments. An ellipsis "..." is shown if the argument list is known to be truncated.
This traces the kernel execve function and prints output for each event. As the rate of this is generally expected to be low (< 1000/s), the overhead is also expected to be negligible. If you have an application that is calling a high rate of exec()s, then test and understand overhead before use.
This is from bcc. https://github.com/iovisor/bcc Also look in the bcc distribution for a companion _examples.txt file containing example usage, output, and commentary for this tool.
Unstable - in development.