Provided by: inadyn_2.8.1-1_amd64 bug


     inadyn — Internet Automated Dynamic DNS Client


     inadyn [-1, --once] [--force] [--cache-dir PATH] [-c, --cmd /path/to/cmd]
            [-C, --continue-on-error] [-e, --exec /path/to/cmd] [--exec-mode MODE]
            [-f, --config FILE] [-h, --help] [-i, --iface IFNAME] [-I, --ident NAME]
            [-l, --loglevel LEVEL] [-n, --foreground] [--no-pidfile] [-P, --pidfile FILE]
            [-p, --drop-privs USER[:GROUP]] [-s, --syslog] [-t, --startup-delay SEC]
            [-v, --version]


     inadyn, or In-a-Dyn, periodically checks your actual Internet accessible IP for changes.
     When it changes inadyn updates your name server record(s) automatically.

     Common DDNS service providers supported by inadyn are listed below.  Some of these services
     are free of charge for non-commercial use, others take a small fee, but also provide more
     domain names to choose from.

     inadyn defaults to HTTPS for all providers, some may however not support this so try
     disabling SSL for your provider in case of problems.  Providers known to support SSL updates
     are listed below with https:

     ·   ⟨⟩
     ·   ⟨⟩
     ·   ⟨⟩
     ·   ⟨⟩
     ·   ⟨⟩
     ·⟩, ⟨·····   ⟨⟩
     ··⟩, parent of ⟨⟩
     ···   ⟨⟩
     ·   ⟨⟩
     ·   ⟨⟩
     ··   ⟨⟩
     ·   ⟨⟩
     ···   ⟨⟩
     ·   ⟨⟩
     ·   ⟨⟩, formerly ⟨·   ⟨⟩
     ·   ⟨⟩
     ·   ⟨⟩
     ·   ⟨⟩
     ·   ⟨⟩

     DDNS providers not listed here can often be configured using the generic/custom DDNS
     provider plugin.  See inadyn.conf(5) for examples.


     Earlier versions of inadyn supported more command line options, from v2.0 inadyn has been
     greatly simplified.  See inadyn.conf(5) for details of the /etc/inadyn.conf configuration
     file format.

     -1, --once
             Run only once and quit, updates only if too old or unknown.  Use --force to for an
             update before exiting.

             Force one update.  Only works with -1, --once flag, ignored for all other use-cases.

     --cache-dir PATH
             Set directory for persistent cache files, defaults to /var/cache/inadyn

             The cache files are used to keep track of which addresses have been successfully
             sent to their respective DDNS provider and when.  The latter 'when' is important to
             prevent inadyn from banning you for excessive updates.

             When restarting inadyn or rebooting your server, or embedded device, inadyn reads
             the cache files to seed its internal data structures with the last sent IP address
             and when the update was performed.  It is therefore very important to both have a
             cache file and for it to have the correct time stamp.  The absence of a cache file
             will currently cause a forced update.

             On an embedded device with no RTC, or no battery backed RTC, it is strongly
             recommended to pair this setting with the --startup-delay SEC command line option.

     -c, --cmd /path/to/cmd [optional args]
             Full path to command, or script, to run to check for IP address change.  This is the
             same as the configuration file option checkip-command but will apply to all
             providers.  This command line option is only provided for convenience, it is
             recommended to instead use the configuration file.  For more details, see the
             inadyn.conf(5) man page.  You will need to quote the complete command if any
             arguments, or pipe, is given.

             Ignore errors from DDNS provider and try again later.  This command line option
             tells inadyn to not exit on errors from a DDNS provider and instead try again later.
             Please do not use this, it usually indicates that we are sending a malformed
             request, e.g. wrong username, password or DNS alias for the given account.
             Continuing could possibly lock you out of your account!

     -e, --exec=/path/to/cmd [optional args]
             Full path to command, or script, to run.  The following environment variables are
             set: INADYN_IP, INADYN_HOSTNAME.  The first environment variable contains the new IP
             address, the second the host name alias.  The cmd is called for each listed host
             name.  If inadyn is started with the -i IFNAME command line option, the INADYN_IFACE
             environment variable is also set.  You will need to quote the complete command if
             any arguments, or pipe, is given.

     --exec-mode MODE
             Use MODE to set the exec script run mode: compat, event: - compat: run exec handler
             on successful DDNS update only, default - event: run exec handler on any update
             status The following environment variables are set: INADYN_EVENT, INADYN_ERROR,
             INADYN_ERROR_MESSAGE.  INADYN_EVENT contains the event, one of: nochg, update,
             error.  The event nochg indicates that no update had to be sent, the event update
             indicates that an update was sent successully, the event error indicates that the
             update was sent and an error occurred.  INADYN_ERROR contains the error code,
             INADYN_ERROR_MESSAGE contains the error message for the error code.

     -f, --config FILE
             Use FILE for configuration. By default /etc/inadyn.conf, is used.  See
             inadyn.conf(5) for examples.

     -h, --help
             Show summary of command line options and exit

     -i, --iface IFNAME
             Check IP of IFNAME instead of querying an external server.  With this command line
             option the external IP check is disabled and inadyn will report the IP address of
             IFNAME to all DDNS providers listed in the configuration file.  This can be useful
             to register LAN IP addresses, or, when connected directly to a public IP address, to
             speed up the IP check if the DDNS provider's check-ip servers are slow to respond.

             This option can also be given as a configuration option in inadyn.conf(5), both
             serve a purpose, use whichever one works for you.

     -I, --ident NAME
             Specify program identity (name) to be used for PID file and syslog messages.  Useful
             with multiple instances of inadyn, or to simply replace the inadyn name with
             something more generic, e.g. "DDNS", without renaming the binary.  Note, this option
             only changes the base name of the PID file, not the location, which is system
             specific.  Usually /var/run/ or /run/

     -l, --loglevel LEVEL
             Set log level: none, err, info, notice, debug.  The default is notice, but you might
             want to set this to -l warning.

     -n, --foreground
             Run in foreground, default is to daemonize and continue in the background.  This
             option is usually required when running under process supervisors like systemd and
             Finit, but is also useful when running from the terminal, when debugging a config or
             at initial set up.  Remember to also give the -s option if you still want to
             redirect log messages to the syslog.

     -p, --drop-privs USER[:GROUP]
             Drop root privileges after initial setup to the given user and group.

             When running as a daemon, even when running in the foreground with -n, inadyn
             creates a PID file so users can easily find the PID of the process to send signals
             to.  See SIGNALS for more information on this.  This option tells inadyn to not
             create a PID file.  Some users prefer this when running under systemd.

     -P, --pidfile FILE
             Set PID file name and location, defaults to /run/, derived from --ident
             NAME, which is strongly recommended to change over this option.  However, some users
             want to keep application runtime files in separate directories, usually in
             combination with --drop-privs, for such cases this is the option to use.

     -s, --syslog
             Use syslog(3) for log messages, warnings and error conditions.  This is the default
             when running in the background.  When running in the foreground, see -n, log
             messages are printed to stdout.

     -t, --startup-delay SEC
             Initial startup delay.  Default is 0 seconds.  Any signal can be used to abort the
             startup delay early, but SIGUSR2 is the recommended to use.  See SIGNALS below for
             full details of how inadyn responds to signals.

             Intended to allow time for embedded devices without a battery backed real time clock
             to set their clock via NTP at bootup.  This is so that the time since the last
             update can be calculated correctly from the inadyn cache file and the forced-update
             SEC setting honored across reboots, avoiding unnecessary IP address updates.

     -v, --version
             Show program version and exit.


     inadyn prints a message when the IP is updated.  If no update is needed then by default it
     prints a single “.” character, unless --loglevel is set to none.  Therefore, unless
     --loglevel is set to none, the log will contain lots of dots.  When the connection goes down
     inadyn may print some harmless error messages which should be followed by “OK” messages
     after the Internet connection is restored.


     inadyn responds to the following signals:

     HUP   Reload the .conf file, standard UNIX behavior
     TERM  Tell inadyn to exit gracefully
     INT   Same as TERM
     USR1  Force update now, even if the IP address has not changed
     USR2  Check IP address change now. Useful when a new DHCP/PPPoE lease or new gateway is
           received.  Please note that inadyn does not track such events by itself.  You need an
           external monitor for that

     For convenience in sending signals, inadyn writes its process ID to /var/run/,
     unless the --ident NAME option is used.


     ... one .cache file per DDNS provider



     The inadyn home page is at GitHub: ⟨⟩


     inadyn was originally written by Narcis Ilisei ⟨⟩ and Steve
     Horbachuk.  Current patch monkey is Joachim Nilsson ⟨⟩ with a lot
     of help from Andrey Tikhomirov and Mike Fleetwood.

     This manual page was originally written for the Debian GNU/Linux project by Shaul Karl
     ⟨⟩, and is currently maintained by Joachim Nilsson.