Provided by: inn2_2.6.5-1_amd64 bug


       mailpost - Feed an e-mail message into a newsgroup


       mailpost [-hn] [-a addr] [-b database] [-c wait-time] [-d distribution] [-f addr] [-m
       mailing-list] [-o output-command] [-p port] [-r addr] [-t tempdir] [-x header[:header...]]
       [-z header[:header...]]  newsgroups


       The mailpost program reads a properly formatted e-mail message from stdin and feeds it to
       inews for posting to a news server.  newsgroups is a whitespace-separated list of group
       names to which to post the article (at least one newsgroup must be specified).

       Before feeding the article to inews, it checks that the article has not been seen before,
       and it changes some header fields (cleaning up some address header fields, removing a few
       ones like X-Complaints-To and X-Trace, and putting "X-" in front of unknown header
       fields).  The Received and *-To header fields are also altered to prevent spamming the
       gateway (the name of the news server or the domain name set in fromhost, pathhost and
       domain in inn.conf are removed).

       If the article has been seen before (mailpost records the message-ID of each article it
       handles), then the article will be dropped with a non-zero error status.  Other errors
       will cause the article to be mailed to the newsmaster (selected at configure time and
       defaulting to "usenet").

       Normally, mailpost is run by sendmail(8) via an alias entry:

           local-mail-wreck-bikes: "|<pathbin in inn.conf>/mailpost
               -b /var/spool/mailpost -t /tmp -d local"

       The -b and -t flags are useful to change the directories used by mailpost by default.  As
       a matter of fact, though it is recommended to run mailpost as the news user, it is as
       often as not run as another user, notably the mail user.  Therefore, you should make sure
       to create and set to be writable by the user that mailpost runs as the directories where
       to put the database and the temporary files.  Also, mailpost must be executable by that

       Instead of /var/spool/mailpost, the mail spool directory can be specified, or any other
       directory where the mailpost process has write access.

       A common practice to gateway a newsgroup to a mailing-list is to create a moderated
       newsgroup (running for instance the command "ctlinnd newgroup m")
       and set the moderation address for this newsgroup in the moderators file in pathetc to the
       mailing-list address.  If you add an -a flag in the above example, then on the one hand,
       when a message is sent to the mailing-list, mailpost will be run, mark it as approved, and
       the message will directly reach the newsgroup.  On the other hand, when a message is
       posted to the newsgroup, it normally does not have an Approved header field, so it will be
       sent (by nnrpd) to the mailing-list address configured in the moderators file, which means
       the message reaches the mailing-list and, like any other messages posted to the mailing-
       list, it will be processed by mailpost, approved, and finally reach the newsgroup.


       -a addr
           If the -a flag is used, addr (which is usually the e-mail address of the poster) is
           added to the article as the body of an Approved header field.  It is useful if one of
           the newsgroup to which the article should be posted is moderated.  (Of course, this
           flag should be added only if you are supposed to auto-approve your posts.)

           Be sure that the reader connection made by inews to post the article is allowed to
           post approved articles (see the "A" letter in the access parameter of access blocks in

       -b database
           If the -b flag is used, then it defines the location of the persistent database used
           to store the message-IDs of articles sent on.  This is to prevent articles looping
           around if a news-to-mail gateway sends them back here.  This option may be required if
           the mailpost process does not have write access to the news database directory
           (notably when it is executed as the mail user).  The default value is pathdb as set in

           Make sure the specified location exists and is writable by the user mailpost runs as.

       -c wait-time
           The -c flag indicates a length of time to sleep before posting.  If duplicate messages
           are received in this interval (by any instance of mailpost using the same database),
           the article is only posted once, but with Newsgroups: header modified to crosspost the
           article to all indicated groups.  The units for wait-time are seconds; a reasonable
           value may be anywhere from tens to hundreds of seconds, or even higher, depending on
           how long mail can be delayed on its way to your system.

       -d distribution
           If the -d flag is used, the value given is added to the article as the body of the
           Distribution header field.

       -f addr
           The -f flag is a synonym for the -r flag.

       -h  Print usage information and exit.

       -m mailing-list
           If the -m flag is used, the value given is added to the article in a Mailing-List:
           header, if such a header doesn't already exist.

       -n  If the -n flag is used, neither an article is posted nor a mail is sent in case an
           error occurs.  Everything is written to the standard output.

       -o output-command
           Specifies the program to which the resulting article processed by mailpost should be
           sent.  For debugging purpose, "-o cat" can be used.  The default value is "inews -S

       -p port
           Specifies the port on which nnrpd is listening, used for article posting.  If given,
           -p is passed along to inews.

       -r addr
           A heuristic is used to determine a reasonable value for the Path: header.  The -r flag
           indicates what to use if no other value can be determined.

       -t tempdir
           If the -t flag is used, then it defines the location of the directory to use to
           temporarily store error messages that are sent to the newsmaster.  This option may be
           required if the default value refers to a path that does not exist or the mailpost
           process does not have write access to (notably when it is executed as the mail user).
           Two paths are tried by default: pathtmp as set in inn.conf, and then /var/tmp if
           pathtmp is not writable.

           Make sure the specified location exists and is writable by the user mailpost runs as.

       -x header[:header...]
           A colon-separated list of additional header fields which should be treated as known
           header fields; these header fields will be passed through to inews without having "X-"

           By default, known header fields are:


       -z header[:header...]
           A colon-separated list of additional header fields which should be removed.

           By default, removed header fields are:



           The Perl script itself used to feed an e-mail message to a newsgroup.

       pathdb/mailpost-msgid.dir and pathdb/mailpost-msgid.pag
           The default database files which record previously seen message-IDs.


       Written by Paul Vixie long ago and then hacked up by James Brister for INN integration.
       Documentation improved by Julien Elie.


       inews(1), inn.conf(5), libinn_uwildmat(3), moderators(5), nnrpd(8), readers.conf(5).