Provided by: postfix_3.6.4-1ubuntu2_amd64 bug


       master - Postfix master process


       master [-Dditvw] [-c config_dir] [-e exit_time]


       The  master(8) daemon is the resident process that runs Postfix daemons on demand: daemons
       to send or receive messages via the network, daemons to deliver mail locally, etc.   These
       daemons are created on demand up to a configurable maximum number per service.

       Postfix  daemons  terminate voluntarily, either after being idle for a configurable amount
       of time, or after having serviced a configurable number of requests.  Exceptions  to  this
       rule  are  the  resident  queue  manager, address verification server, and the TLS session
       cache and pseudo-random number server.

       The behavior of the master(8) daemon is controlled by the configuration file, as
       described in master(5).


       -c config_dir
              Read  the and configuration files in the named directory instead
              of the default configuration directory.   This  also  overrides  the  configuration
              files for other Postfix daemon processes.

       -D     After  initialization,  run a debugger on the master process. The debugging command
              is specified with the debugger_command in the global configuration file.

       -d     Do not redirect stdin, stdout or stderr  to  /dev/null,  and  do  not  discard  the
              controlling terminal. This must be used for debugging only.

       -e exit_time
              Terminate  the master process after exit_time seconds. Child processes terminate at
              their convenience.

       -i     Enable init mode: do not become a session or process group leader; and  similar  to
              -s,  do  not  redirect  stdout  to  /dev/null, so that "maillog_file = /dev/stdout"
              works.  This mode is allowed only if the process ID equals 1.

              This feature is available in Postfix 3.3 and later.

       -s     Do not redirect stdout to /dev/null, so that "maillog_file = /dev/stdout" works.

              This feature is available in Postfix 3.4 and later.

       -t     Test mode. Return a zero exit status when the lock file does  not  exist
              or when that file is not locked.  This is evidence that the master(8) daemon is not

       -v     Enable verbose logging for debugging purposes. This option is passed  on  to  child
              processes. Multiple -v options make the software increasingly verbose.

       -w     Wait  in  a dummy foreground process, while the real master daemon initializes in a
              background process.  The dummy foreground process returns a zero exit  status  only
              if  the  master  daemon  initialization  is  successful,  and  if it completes in a
              reasonable amount of time.

              This feature is available in Postfix 2.10 and later.


       SIGHUP Upon receipt of a HUP signal (e.g., after "postfix  reload"),  the  master  process
              re-reads  its configuration files. If a service has been removed from the
              file,  its  running  processes  are  terminated  immediately.   Otherwise,  running
              processes  are  allowed  to  terminate as soon as is convenient, so that changes in
              configuration settings affect only new service requests.

              Upon receipt of a TERM signal (e.g., after "postfix  abort"),  the  master  process
              passes  the signal on to its child processes and terminates.  This is useful for an
              emergency shutdown. Normally one would terminate only the master  ("postfix  stop")
              and allow running processes to finish what they are doing.


       Problems  are  reported to syslogd(8) or postlogd(8).  The exit status is non-zero in case
       of problems, including problems while initializing as  a  master  daemon  process  in  the


              After  initialization,  start  a  debugger  as  specified with the debugger_command
              configuration parameter in the configuration file.

              Directory with Postfix configuration files.


       Unlike most Postfix daemon processes, the master(8) server does not automatically pick  up
       changes  to  Changes  to  are never picked up automatically.  Use the
       "postfix reload" command after a configuration change.


       default_process_limit (100)
              The default maximal number of Postfix child processes that provide a given service.

       max_idle (100s)
              The maximum amount of time that  an  idle  Postfix  daemon  process  waits  for  an
              incoming connection before terminating voluntarily.

       max_use (100)
              The  maximal  number  of  incoming  connections  that a Postfix daemon process will
              service before terminating voluntarily.

       service_throttle_time (60s)
              How long the Postfix master(8) waits before forking a server  that  appears  to  be

       Available in Postfix version 2.6 and later:

       master_service_disable (empty)
              Selectively disable master(8) listener ports by service type or by service name and


       config_directory (see 'postconf -d' output)
              The default location of the Postfix and configuration files.

       daemon_directory (see 'postconf -d' output)
              The directory with Postfix support programs and daemon programs.

       debugger_command (empty)
              The external command to execute when a Postfix daemon program is invoked  with  the
              -D option.

       inet_interfaces (all)
              The network interface addresses that this mail system receives mail on.

       inet_protocols (see 'postconf -d output')
              The  Internet  protocols  Postfix  will  attempt  to  use  when making or accepting

       import_environment (see 'postconf -d' output)
              The list of environment parameters that a privileged Postfix  process  will  import
              from a non-Postfix parent process, or name=value environment overrides.

       mail_owner (postfix)
              The  UNIX  system  account  that  owns  the  Postfix  queue and most Postfix daemon

       process_id (read-only)
              The process ID of a Postfix command or daemon process.

       process_name (read-only)
              The process name of a Postfix command or daemon process.

       queue_directory (see 'postconf -d' output)
              The location of the Postfix top-level queue directory.

       syslog_facility (mail)
              The syslog facility of Postfix logging.

       syslog_name (see 'postconf -d' output)
              A prefix that is prepended to the process name in  syslog  records,  so  that,  for
              example, "smtpd" becomes "prefix/smtpd".

       Available in Postfix 3.3 and later:

       service_name (read-only)
              The service name of a Postfix daemon process.

       Available in Postfix 3.6 and later:

       known_tcp_ports (lmtp=24, smtp=25, smtps=submissions=465, submission=587)
              Optional setting that avoids lookups in the services(5) database.


       To  expand  the  directory names below into their actual values, use the command "postconf
       config_directory" etc.

       $config_directory/, global configuration file.
       $config_directory/, master server configuration file.
       $queue_directory/pid/, master lock file.
       $data_directory/master.lock, master lock file.


       qmgr(8), queue manager
       verify(8), address verification
       master(5), configuration file syntax
       postconf(5), configuration file syntax
       postlogd(8), Postfix logging
       syslogd(8), system logging


       The Secure Mailer license must be distributed with this software.


       Wietse Venema
       IBM T.J. Watson Research
       P.O. Box 704
       Yorktown Heights, NY 10598, USA

       Wietse Venema
       Google, Inc.
       111 8th Avenue
       New York, NY 10011, USA