Provided by: sg3-utils_1.46-1build1_amd64 bug


       sg_decode_sense - decode SCSI sense and related data


       sg_decode_sense   [--binary=BFN]   [--cdb]   [--err=ES]   [--file=HFN]   [--help]  [--hex]
       [--nospace] [--status=SS] [--verbose] [--version] [--write=WFN] [H1 H2 H3 ...]


       This utility takes SCSI sense data in binary or as a sequence of ASCII  hexadecimal  bytes
       and  decodes  it. The primary reference for the decoding is SPC-4 ANSI INCITS 513-2015 and
       the most recent draft SPC-5 revision 19 which can be found at and other
       locations on the internet.

       SCSI sense data is often found in kernel log files as a result of something going wrong or
       may be an informative warning. It is often shown  as  a  sequence  of  hexadecimal  bytes,
       starting  with  70,  71,  72,  73, f0 or f1.  Sense data could be up to 252 bytes long but
       typically is much shorter than that, 18 bytes long is often seen and is usually associated
       with the older "fixed" format sense data.

       The  sense  data can be provided on the command line or in a file. If given on the command
       line the sense data should  be  a  sequence  of  hexadecimal  bytes  separated  by  space.
       Alternatively  a file can be given with the contents in binary or ASCII hexadecimal bytes.
       The latter form can contain several lines each with none, one or  more  ASCII  hexadecimal
       bytes separated by space (comma or tab). The hash symbol may appear and it and the rest of
       the line is ignored making it useful for comments.

       If the --cdb option is given then rather than viewing the given  hex  arguments  as  sense
       data, it is viewed as a SCSI command descriptor block (CDB). In this case the command name
       is printed out. That name is based on the first hex byte given (know as  the  opcode)  and
       optionally on another field called the "service action".

       Another  alternate  action  is  when  the  --err=ES is given. ES is assumed to be an "exit
       status" value between 0 and 255 from one of the utilities in this package.  A  descriptive
       string is printed. Other options are ignored apart from --verbose.


       Arguments to long options are mandatory for short options as well.

       -b, --binary=BFN
              the sense data is read in binary from a file called BFN.

       -c, --cdb
              treat  the  given  string  of  hex  arguments as bytes in a SCSI CDB and decode the
              command name.

       -e, --err=ES
              ES should be an "exit status" value between 0 and 255 that is  available  from  the
              shell  (i.e.  the  utility's  execution  context) after the utility is finished. By
              default an indicative error message is printed to  stdout;  and  if  the  --verbose
              option  is  given  once  (or  an  odd  number of times) then the message is instead
              printed to stderr. If --verbose is given two or more times a  longer  form  of  the
              message  is  output. In all cases the message is less than 128 characters long with
              one trailing line feed. All other command line options and arguments are ignored.

       -f, --file=HFN
              the sense data is read in ASCII hexadecimal from a file called HFN.  The sense data
              should  appear  as  a  sequence of bytes separated by space, comma, tab or newline.
              Everything from and including a hash symbol to the end of that line is ignored.  If
              --nospace is set then no separator is required between the ASCII hexadecimal digits
              in HFN with bytes decoded from pairs of ASCII hexadecimal digits.

       -h, --help
              output the usage message then exit.

       -H, --hex
              this option is used in conjunction with --write=WFN in order to change  the  output
              written to WFN to lines of ASCII hex bytes suitable for a C language compiler. Each
              line contains up to 16 bytes (e.g. a line starting with "0x3b,0x07,0x00,0xff").

       -n, --nospace
              expect ASCII hexadecimal to be a  string  of  hexadecimal  digits  with  no  spaces
              between  them.  Bytes are decoded by taking two hexadecimal digits at a time, so an
              even number of digits is expected. The string of hexadecimal digits may be  on  the
              command  line  (replacing "H1 H2 H3") or spread across multiple lines the HFN given
              to --file=.  On the command line, spaces (or other whitespace  characters)  between
              sequences of hexadecimal digits are ignored; the maximum command line hex string is
              1023 characters long.

       -s, --status=SS
              where SS is a SCSI status byte value, given in hexadecimal. The SCSI status byte is
              related to, but distinct from, sense data.

       -v, --verbose
              increase the degree of verbosity (debug messages).

       -V, --version
              output version string then exit.

       -w, --write=WFN
              writes the sense data out to a file called WFN. If necessary WFN is created. If WFN
              exists then it is truncated prior to writing the sense data to  it.  If  the  --hex
              option  is  also  given  then  ASCII  hex  is  written to WFN (see the --hex option
              description); otherwise binary is written to WFN. This option is a convenience  and
              may be helpful in converting the ASCII hexadecimal representation of sense data (or
              anything else) into the equivalent binary or a compilable ASCII hex form.


       Unlike most utilities in this package, this utility does not access a SCSI device (logical
       unit).  This utility accesses a library associated with this package. Amongst other things
       the library decodes SCSI sense data.

       The sg_raw utility takes a ASCII hexadecimal sequence representing a SCSI CDB. When sg_raw
       is given the '-vvv' option, it will attempt to decode the CDB name.


       Sense  data  is  often  printed  out in kernel logs and sometimes on the command line when
       verbose or debug flags are given. It will be at least 8 bytes long, often  18  bytes  long
       but may be longer. A sense data string might look like this:

       f0 00 03 00 00 12 34 0a  00 00 00 00 11 00 00 00
       00 00

       Cut and paste it after the sg_decode_sense command:

         sg_decode_sense f0 00 03 00 00 12 34 0a 00 00 00 00 11 00 00 00 00 00

       and for this sense data the output should look like this:

        Fixed format, current;  Sense key: Medium Error
        Additional sense: Unrecovered read error
         Info fld=0x1234 [4660]

       For  a  medium  error  the  Info  field  is  the logical block address (LBA) of the lowest
       numbered block that the associated SCSI command was not able to read (verify or write).


       The exit status of  sg_decode_sense  is  0  when  it  is  successful.  Otherwise  see  the
       sg3_utils(8) man page.


       Written by Douglas Gilbert.


       Report bugs to <dgilbert at interlog dot com>.


       Copyright © 2010-2019 Douglas Gilbert
       This  software  is distributed under a FreeBSD license. There is NO warranty; not even for