Provided by: sac_1.9b5-3build1_amd64 bug


       writetmp - write special wtmp entries to a wtmp file.


       writetmp  [-w  wtmp|-]  [-X[3|4]] [-u user] [-l line] [-h host] [-i id] [-p pid] [-t type]
       [-c comment] [--help] [--version] [entry-type]


       Writetmp is a utility to write special entries  to  a  wtmp  file.   Useful  as  either  a
       replacement  for  the  functionality  of  the  "halt -w" or "reboot -w" commands which are
       normally run at shutdown time or to write special wtmp entries to an alternate  wtmp  file
       to which such entries would normally not be written.

       Under  normal  conditions radius radtwmp or tacacs accounting logs do not contain shutdown
       and boottime entries because the access control software is not setup to take into account
       these events.  In the case of a quick shutdown or server crash, the wtmp file(s) will lose
       coherency.  To avoid or minimize the amount of accounting error, it is necessary to  write
       shutdown and boottime entries to such logs.

       Also  changes  in time which are made manually with date or via the network with a program
       such as rdate are not reflected in the accounting logs, which, if the time  difference  is
       severe can improperly account time for logins active during the time change.

       If  an  entry-type  is  specified  on  the command line, the -u, -l, -h, -i, -p, -t and -c
       options are ignored as writetmp will fill in the username, line, id, and host  entries  as
       required for that particular wtmp entry-type.

       Writetmp understands the following entry types:

              used  just  prior  to  a  normal  system  shutdown.  Also accepts halt or reboot as
              aliases for shutdown.

              used at system initialization time, to indicate the system is booting.

              Indicates the time is about to change.

              Indicates the time has changed.  The difference in  time  is  determined  from  the
              timestamp on the last oldtime entry.

              Indicates a change in runlevel (useless in an accounting sense).


       Writetmp understands the following command line switches:

       --help Outputs a verbose usage listing.

              Displays the version of writetmp.

       -w wtmp
              Select a different output file instead of the default (/var/log/wtmp).

       -X[3]  Write  to  a  wtmp  file  maintained  by versions 3.3 or 3.4 Tacacs terminal server
              access control software.

       -X4    Write to a wtmp file maintained by version 4.0 of  Tacacs  terminal  server  access
              control software.

       -u user
              Specify the username for the username field.

       -l line
              Specify the tty name for the line field.

       -h host
              Specify the hostname.

       -i id  Specify the init id name. Not applicable to tacacs wtmp files.

       -p pid Specify the pid number. Not appliccable to tacacs wtmp files.

       -t type
              Specify  the  type  of  wtmp  entry  for the ut_type field, not to be confused with
              entry-type.  May be coded as a number  or  one  of:  unknown,  runlevel,  boottime,
              newtime, oldtime, init, login, user or dead.

       -c comment
              Specify the comment for the tacacs 4 wtmp comment field (16 characters max).


       Write a shutdown message to an alternate wtmp log:

            writetmp -w /var/adm/xtmp shutdown

       A shell script to update the time in an alternate wtmp file when netdate is run:

            writetmp -w /var/adm/xtmp oldtime
            writetmp -w /var/adm/xtmp newtime

       Find out how often and for how long people run a specific program, such as pine:

            # /var/adm/cmdtmp must be globally writable.

            writetmp -w $cmdtmp -u pine -l cmd$$ -h $USER -t user
            /path/to/real-pine $*
            writetmp -w $cmdtmp -l cmd$$ -t dead


       /var/log/wtmp        login database.


       Steve Baker (


       Does  not  lock  the wtmp file and does not guarantee a successful write.  Could in theory
       corrupt a log file.

       Rdate and netdate can take seconds to complete, so writing oldtime/newtime records  around
       them may not be entirely accurate.


       date(1), last(1), sac(8), netdate(8L), reboot(8)