Provided by: apt-file_3.3_all bug


       apt-file -- APT package searching utility -- command-line interface


       apt-file [options] search pattern

       apt-file [options] show package


       apt-file is a command line tool for searching files in packages for the APT package
       management system.

       Some actions are required to run the search:

           Alias for search.

           List the contents of a package. This action is very close to the dpkg -L command
           except the package does not need to be installed or fetched.

           By default, the list action interprets its pattern as if --fixed-string was specified.

           List the known Content indices and their status in a human readable format.  These
           indices can be searched via the -I option (when enabled and after fetching the
           indices).  The output is subject to change without notice and is therefore unsuited
           for script usage / automation.

           For a machine-readable formats (e.g. automation), please use apt-config dump (search
           for options starting with Acquire::IndexTargets) and apt-get indextargets for checking
           the cache (Look for entries with an Identifier field starting with Contents-).

           Note that individual sources.list entries can override the global default.  Please
           consult sources.list(5) for more information on advanced configuration of the
           sources.list files.

           Search in which package a file is included. A list of all packages containing the
           pattern pattern is returned.

           Since Contents files does not contain directories, the pattern must match (part of a)
           file name.

           By default, the search action interprets its pattern as if --substring-match was

           Alias for list.

           This action that just calls apt update or apt-get update (depending on whether a tty
           is available).

           The only advantage using this over a regular apt update or apt-get update directly is
           for the case where you have configured an apt-file specific configuration (via the
           Dir::Etc::apt-file-main configuration option).  In that case, said configuration will
           be included automatically.


       The following options are available:

       -a, --architecture architecture[,...]
           This option is useful if you search a package for a different architecture from the
           one installed on your system.

           It can be a comma-separated list for searching on multiple architectures.

       -c, --config-file APT config-file
           Configuration File; Specify a configuration file to use. The program will read the
           default configuration file and then this configuration file. If configuration settings
           need to be set before the default configuration files are parsed specify a file with
           the APT_CONFIG environment variable. See apt.conf(5) for syntax information.

           The configuration file will be read relative to when it appears on the command line
           and can overwrite options that appear before it.

           Note that the config file will also be passed to all APT tools called by apt-file.

       -D, --from-deb
           Use contents of the given .deb archives(s) as patterns.  Useful for searching for file
           conflicts with other packages.  Implies -F.

       -f, --from-file
           Read patterns from the given file(s), one per line.  Use - as filename for stdin.  If
           no files are given, then the list will be read from stdin.  This is much faster than
           invoking apt-file many times.

       --filter-origins origin[,...]
           Only search indices from the listed origins (e.g. "Debian").

           This filter matches against the name listed in the Origin field from the Release file.

           If set to '*', this filter will be disabled (mostly useful for overriding the setting
           in a configuration file)

           Alias of the APT config option: apt-file::Search-Filter::Origin

       --filter-suites suite[,...]
           Only search indices from the listed suites or codenames (e.g. "unstable").

           This filter matches against the name listed in the Codename and Suite fields from the
           Release file.  This means that either "unstable" or "sid" will match Debian's unstable

           If set to '*', this filter will be disabled (mostly useful for overriding the setting
           in a configuration file)

           Alias of the APT config option: apt-file::Search-Filter::Suite

       -F, --fixed-string
           Do not expand search pattern with generic characters at pattern's start and end.

           This is default for show and list actions.

       --index-names type[,...], -I type[,...]
           Only search indexes of the given name(s). If set to the special value ALL (case-
           sensitive), then all apt-file indices are searched.

           The name(s) must match one or more of the identifiers used in the APT configuration
           (minus leading "Contents-").  Example if the configuration has the following snippets:

            Acquire::IndexTargets::deb::Contents-deb { ... };
            Acquire::IndexTargets::deb-src::Contents-dsc { ... };
            Acquire::IndexTargets::deb::Contents-udeb { ... };
            Acquire::IndexTargets::deb::Contents-deb-legacy {
               # Explicitly named to "Contents-deb"
               Identifier "Contents-deb";

           Then, apt-file will recognise "deb", "dsc" and "udeb" as index names.

           This option defaults to the value of the "apt-file::Index-Names" apt config option (or
           "deb" if omitted).

       -i, --ignore-case
           Ignore case when searching for pattern.

       -l, --package-only
           Only display package name; do not display file names.

           This is a special-usage option useful for dealing with searches that produce a high
           number of matches (10 000+) or/and automated processing of results.

           Disable deduplication logic and immediately emit a result when a match is found.

           This can greatly reduce the memory requirements for apt-file when processing searches
           with many matches.  It will also reduce the time until the first match is emitted,
           which can be useful if matches can be processed as they are discovered and the
           consumer can handle duplicated matches.

       -o, --option APT::Option=Value
           Set a Configuration Option; This will set an arbitrary configuration option. The
           syntax is -o APT::Option=Value.  -o and --option can be used multiple times to set
           different options.

           This option can be used to overwrite other command line options (e.g. "-o
           apt-file::Search-Filter::Origin=Debian" is effectively the same as "--filter-origins

           Note that the config options passed via this option will also be passed to all APT
           tools called by apt-file.

           Match if the given search pattern is a substring of a path or package.

           This is default for search and find actions.

       -v, --verbose
           Run apt-file in verbose/debug mode.

       -x, --regexp
           Treat pattern as a (perl) regular expression. See perlreref(1) for details. Without
           this option, pattern is treated as a literal string to search for.

           Be advised that this option can be rather slow.  If performance is an issue, consider
           giving apt-file non-regex pattern matching too much and pipe the output to perl -ne
           '/<pattern-here>/'.  This enables apt-file to use more optimizations and leaves less
           work to the "slower" regex.

       -h, --help
           Display a short help screen.


       The apt-file command relies on the APT configuration.  Notably, the default configuration
       makes apt fetch Contents files by default during a call to apt update.

       For information on how to configure APT to fetch more or fewer Contents files, please
       refer to /usr/share/doc/apt-file/

       The following files are notably interesting:

           Note this path is actually configurable by changing the value of the APT configuration
           called "Dir::Etc::apt-file-main".  The listed value is merely the default value of
           that option.

           If this file is present, apt-file will read this file after all default APT
           configuration files.  Any config file -c or option (-o) will be evaluated before this
           file (and can override options set in it).

           The file will also be passed on to all APT tools called by apt-file.

           Chooses which Contents files to download.  Note that apt-file recognises only
           "Acquire" targets that starts with "Contents-".

   Special configurations similar to apt-file 2
       Here are some apt-file 2 related work flows and how to (almost) emulate them with apt-file
       3.  They are documented as a starting point for people, who are attached to these.

       The emulation may not be perfect for you out of the box.  Patches are welcome to keep the
       examples updated as long as the examples remain "trivial".

       •   Only make apt-file update fetch Contents files

           If you are accustomed to apt update not fetching Contents files, then you can run
           /usr/share/doc/apt-file/examples/  This script will configure apt
           and apt-file accordingly after best effort.

           Please read the resulting /etc/apt/apt-file.conf.

       •   Creating/using "user" caches

           Previous versions of apt-file had a "--cache" option, which could be used to denote a
           directory to store the Contents files.  This can be emulated by doing:

             # Setup
             $ mkdir -p ~/.cache/apt-file ~/.config
             $ touch ~/.cache/apt-file/dpkg-status
             $ sed '/^Dir::State/ d; /^Dir::Cache/ d;' \
               /usr/share/doc/apt-file/examples/apt-file.conf \
               > ~/.config/apt-file.conf
             $ cat <<EOF >> ~/.config/apt-file.conf
           Dir::State "$HOME/.cache/apt-file";
           Dir::Cache "$HOME/.cache/apt-file";
           Dir::State::status "$HOME/.cache/apt-file/dpkg-status";

             # Update the cache
             $ apt-file -c ~/.config/apt-file.conf update

             # Search using the cache
             $ apt-file -c ~/.config/apt-file.conf show apt-file

             # Removal of the cache + config
             $ rm -fr ~/.cache/apt-file ~/.config/apt-file.conf

           (You will probably want to add an alias apt-file in your ~/.bashrc)

           Please read the resulting ./apt-file-user-cache.conf.


       There are some known issues or "quirks" that are good to keep in mind.

       •   The Contents files do not include a leading slash on paths.  This means that /bin/ls
           is listed as bin/ls in the Contents file.  If you are looking for something in a top-
           level directory, it is often better to omit the leading slash.

           The search algorithm will attempt to work around the leading slash, but it will not
           work in all cases.  As a workaround, try to pull the leading slash to the beginning of
           regular expressions.  For example, use "/(?:usr/bin/vim|sbin/lvm)" instead of

       •   When a new line has been added to the sources.list and apt update has not been run,
           apt-file does not print a warning message.

       •   By default, apt-file assumes that Contents files do not include a descriptive header
           (explaining what the file is and how to interpret it).  However, some tools have
           generated them with such a header (e.g. for old versions of Contents files for the
           Debian archive or Contents files generated by reprepro prior to version 5.2.0).

           If you search such files, you will want to set
           apt-file::Parser::Check-For-Description-Header to true (e.g. in
           /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/50apt-file.conf) to have apt-file properly filter out the headers
           to avoid false matches.

           The reason this is not the default is that it costs a factor 2 in overhead while most
           common Contents files no longer have the header.  (see #881405 for more details).

       •   Not all APT repositories have Contents files.  Notably common install media (CDs etc.)
           may omit them to conserve space.

           The default configuration by apt-file marks Contents files as optional and will just
           silently fail to search in Contents files in such repositories.


       apt-file has the following defined exit codes, which can be used for scripting purposes.

       0   apt-file returned successfully.  If the command was a search, there was at least one

       1   apt-file completed a search successfully, but it had no results.

       2   An error occurred (including invalid/conflicting user options).

       3   apt-file could not complete the command because the cache was empty.  Please ensure
           there are indices enabled in the APT config and run apt update to fetch them.

       4   apt-file could not complete the command because the cache does not have any files
           matching the restrictions.  Either change the restrictions (e.g. --index-names) or
           configure apt to fetch the relevant files and run apt update.

       255 There was an internal errors / uncaught exception in apt-file.  Please file a bug
           against apt-file.

       Any other exit code is reserved for future use.


       apt(1), apt-cache(8), apt.conf(5)

       The APT users guide in /usr/share/doc/apt/

       The example config in /usr/share/doc/apt-file/examples

       The README at /usr/share/doc/apt-file/