Provided by: groff_1.22.4-10_amd64 bug


       gropdf - PDF driver for groff


       gropdf [-dels] [-F dir] [-I dir] [-p paper-size] [-u [cmapfile]] [-y foundry] [file ...]

       gropdf -v
       gropdf --version


       gropdf  translates  the  output of GNU troff to PDF.  Normally gropdf should be invoked by
       using the groff command with a -Tpdf option.  If no files  are  given,  gropdf  reads  the
       standard  input.   A  filename  of  -  also causes gropdf to read the standard input.  PDF
       output is written to the standard output.  When gropdf is run  by  groff  options  can  be
       passed to gropdf using groff's -P option.

       See section “Font Installation” below for a guide how to install fonts for gropdf.


       Whitespace is permitted between a command-line option and its argument.

       -d     Include   debug   information  as  comments  within  the  PDF.   Also  produces  an
              uncompressed PDF.

       -e     Forces gropdf to embed all fonts (even the 14 base PDF fonts).

       -F dir Prepend directory dir/devname to the search path for font, and  device  description
              files; name is the name of the device, usually pdf.

       -I dir This  option  may  be used to add a directory to the search path for files named in
              \X'pdf: pdfpic' escape.  The current directory  is  always  searched  first.   This
              option  may  be  specified more than once; the directories are then searched in the
              order specified.

              No directory search is performed for files with an absolute file name.

       -l     Orient the document in landscape format.

       -p paper-size
              Set  physical  dimension  of  output  medium.   This   overrides   the   papersize,
              paperlength,  and  paperwidth  commands  in  the  DESC  file;  it  accepts the same
              arguments as the papersize command.  See groff_font(5) for details.

       -s     Append a comment line to end of PDF showing statistics, i.e.  number  of  pages  in
              document.   Ghostscript's  ps2pdf  complains about this line if it is included, but
              works anyway.

       -u [cmapfile]
              Gropdf normally includes a ToUnicode CMap with any font created using  text.enc  as
              the  encoding  file,  this  makes  it  easier  to  search  for  words which contain
              ligatures.  You can include your own CMap by specifying a cmapfile or have no  CMap
              at all by omitting the argument.

              Print the version number and exit.

       -y foundry
              Set the foundry to use for selecting fonts of the same name.


       The  input  to  gropdf  must  be  in  the format output by troff(1).  This is described in

       In addition, the device and font description files for the device used must  meet  certain
       requirements:  The  resolution must be an integer multiple of 72 times the sizescale.  The
       pdf device uses a resolution of 72000 and a sizescale of 1000.

       The device description file must contain a valid paper size; see  groff_font(5)  for  more
       information.   gropdf  uses  the  same  Type  1 Adobe PostScript fonts as the grops device
       driver.  Although the PDF Standard allows the use of other font types (like TrueType) this
       implementation  only accepts the Type 1 PostScript font.  Fewer Type 1 fonts are supported
       natively in PDF documents than the standard 35 fonts supported by grops and all PostScript
       printers,  but  all  the fonts are available since any which aren't supported natively are
       automatically embedded in the PDF.

       gropdf supports the concept of foundries, that is different versions of basically the same
       font.  During install a Foundry file controls where fonts are found and builds groff fonts
       from the files it discovers on your system.

       Each font description file must contain a command

              internalname psname

       which says that the PostScript name of the font is psname.   Lines  starting  with  #  and
       blank  lines  are  ignored.   The  code  for  each  character  given in the font file must
       correspond to the code in the default encoding for the font.  This code can be  used  with
       the  \N  escape  sequence in troff to select the character, even if the character does not
       have a groff name.  Every character in the font file must exist in  the  PostScript  font,
       and the widths given in the font file must match the widths used in the PostScript font.

       Note that gropdf is currently only able to display the first 256 glyphs in any font.  This
       restriction will be lifted in a later version.

       gropdf can automatically include the downloadable fonts necessary to print  the  document.
       Fonts may be in PFA or PFB format.

       Any  downloadable  fonts which should, when required, be included by gropdf must be listed
       in the file /usr/share/groff/1.22.4/font/devpdf/download; this should consist of lines  of
       the form

              foundry font filename

       where  foundry  is  the  foundry  name  or  blank  for  the  default foundry.  font is the
       PostScript name of the font, and filename is the name of the  file  containing  the  font;
       lines  beginning  with  #  and  blank  lines are ignored; fields must be separated by tabs
       (spaces are not allowed); filename is searched for using the same mechanism that  is  used
       for  groff  font  metric  files.  The download file itself is also searched for using this
       mechanism; currently, only the first found file in the font path is used.   Foundry  names
       are  usually a single character (such as ‘U’ for the URW Foundry) or blank for the default
       foundry.  This default uses the same fonts as ghostscript uses when it embeds fonts  in  a
       PDF file.

       In  the  default setup there are styles called R, I, B, and BI mounted at font positions 1
       to 4.  The fonts are grouped into families A, BM, C, H, HN, N, P, and T having members  in
       each of these styles:

              AR     AvantGarde-Book
              AI     AvantGarde-BookOblique
              AB     AvantGarde-Demi
              ABI    AvantGarde-DemiOblique
              BMR    Bookman-Light
              BMI    Bookman-LightItalic
              BMB    Bookman-Demi
              BMBI   Bookman-DemiItalic
              CR     Courier
              CI     Courier-Oblique
              CB     Courier-Bold
              CBI    Courier-BoldOblique
              HR     Helvetica
              HI     Helvetica-Oblique
              HB     Helvetica-Bold
              HBI    Helvetica-BoldOblique
              HNR    Helvetica-Narrow
              HNI    Helvetica-Narrow-Oblique
              HNB    Helvetica-Narrow-Bold
              HNBI   Helvetica-Narrow-BoldOblique
              NR     NewCenturySchlbk-Roman
              NI     NewCenturySchlbk-Italic
              NB     NewCenturySchlbk-Bold
              NBI    NewCenturySchlbk-BoldItalic
              PR     Palatino-Roman
              PI     Palatino-Italic
              PB     Palatino-Bold
              PBI    Palatino-BoldItalic
              TR     Times-Roman
              TI     Times-Italic
              TB     Times-Bold
              TBI    Times-BoldItalic

       There is also the following font which is not a member of a family:

              ZCMI   ZapfChancery-MediumItalic

       There  are  also some special fonts called S for the PS Symbol font.  The lower case greek
       characters are automatically slanted (to match the SymbolSlanted font  (SS)  available  to
       PostScript).   Zapf Dingbats is available as ZD, the "hand pointing left" glyph (\[lh]) is
       available since it has been defined using the \X'pdf: xrev' extension which  reverses  the
       direction of letters within words.

       The default color for \m and \M is black.

       gropdf understands some of the X commands produced using the \X escape sequences supported
       by grops.  Specifically, the following is supported.

       \X'ps: invis'
              Suppress output.

       \X'ps: endinvis'
              Stop suppressing output.

       \X'ps: exec gsave currentpoint 2 copy translate n rotate neg exch neg exch translate'
              where n is the angle of rotation.  This is to support the align command in gpic.

       \X'ps: exec grestore'
              Again used by gpic to restore after rotation.

       \X'ps: exec n setlinejoin'
              where n can be one of the following values.

              0 = Miter join
              1 = Round join
              2 = Bevel join

       \X'ps: exec n setlinecap'
              where n can be one of the following values.

              0 = Butt cap
              1 = Round cap, and
              2 = Projecting square cap

       \X'ps: ... pdfmark'
              All the pdfmark macros installed by using -m pdfmark or -m mspdf (see documentation
              in pdfmark.pdf).  A subset of these macros are installed automatically when you use
              -Tpdf so you should not need to  use  ‘-m  pdfmark’  for  using  most  of  the  PDF

       gropdf also supports a subset of the commands introduced in present.tmac.  Specifically it


       Which allows you to create presentation type PDFs.  Many of the other commands are already
       available in other macro packages.

       These commands are implemented with groff X commands:-

       \X'ps: exec %%%%PAUSE
              The  section  before this is treated as a block and is introduced using the current
              BLOCK transition setting (see  ‘pdf:  transition’  below).   This  command  can  be
              introduced using the macro .pdfpause.

       \X'ps: exec %%%%BEGINONCE
              Any  text  following  this command (up to %%%%ENDONCE) is shown only once, the next
              %%%%PAUSE will remove it.  If producing a non presentation pdf, i.e.  ignoring  the
              pauses, see GROPDF_NOSLIDE below, this text is ignored.

       \X'ps: exec %%%%ENDONCE
              This  terminates the block defined by %%%%BEGINONCE.  This pair of commands is what
              implements the .BLOCKS Once/.BLOCKE commands in present.tmac.

       The mom macro set already has integration with these extensions so you  can  build  slides
       with mom.

       If you use present.tmac with gropdf there is no need to run the program presentps(1) since
       the output will already be a presentation pdf.

       All other ps: tags are silently ignored.

       One \X special used by the DVI driver is also recognised:

              where the  paper-size  parameter  is  the  same  as  the  papersize  command.   See
              groff_font(5)  for  details.   This  means that you can alter the page size at will
              within the PDF file being created by gropdf.  If you do want to  change  the  paper
              size, it must be done before you start creating the page.

       In  addition,  gropdf  supports  its  own  suite  of  pdf:  tags.   The following tags are

       \X'pdf: pdfpic file alignment width height line-length'
              Place an image of the specified width containing the PDF drawing from file file  of
              desired  width  and  height  (if  height  is  missing  or  zero  then  it is scaled
              proportionally).  If alignment is -L the drawing is left aligned.  If it is  -C  or
              -R  a  linelength  greater  than  the width of the drawing is required as well.  If
              width is specified as zero then the width is scaled in proportion to the height.

       \X'pdf: xrev'
              This toggles a flag which reverses the direction  of  printing  letter  by  letter,
              i.e.,  each  separate  letter is reversed, not the entire word.  This is useful for
              reversing the direction of glyphs in  the  Dingbats  font.   To  return  to  normal
              printing repeat the command again.

       \X'pdf: markstart /ANN definition'
              The  macros  which  support  PDF  Bookmarks  use  this call internally to start the
              definition of bookmark hotspot (user will have called ‘.pdfhref L’  with  the  text
              which  will become the ‘hot spot’ region).  Normally this is never used except from
              within the pdfmark macros.

       \X'pdf: markend'
              The macros which support PDF  Bookmarks  use  this  call  internally  to  stop  the
              definition  of  bookmark  hotspot (user will have called ‘.pdfhref L’ with the text
              which will become the ‘hot spot’ region).  Normally this is never used except  from
              within the pdfmark macros.

       \X'pdf: marksuspend'
       \X'pdf: markrestart'
              If  you  are  using page traps to produce headings, footings, etc., you need to use
              these in case a ‘hot spot’ crosses a page boundary, otherwise any  text  output  by
              the  heading  or  footing  macro will be marked as part of the ‘hot spot’.  To stop
              this happening just place ‘.pdfmarksuspend’ and ‘.pdfmarkrestart’ at the start  and
              end of the page trap macro, respectively.  (These are just convenience macros which
              emit the \X code.  These macros must only be used within page traps.)

       \X'pdf: transition'feature mode duration dimension motion direction scale bool

              feature can be either SLIDE or BLOCK.  When it is SLIDE the transition is used when
              a  new slide is introduced to the screen, if BLOCK then this transition is used for
              the individual blocks which make up the slide.
              mode is the transition type between slides:-

                     Split - Two lines sweep across the screen,  revealing  the  new  page.   The
                     lines  may  be  either  horizontal  or vertical and may move inward from the
                     edges of the page or outward from the center, as specified by the  dimension
                     and motion entries, respectively.
                     Blinds  -  Multiple  lines,  evenly  spaced across the screen, synchronously
                     sweep in the same direction to reveal the new page.  The lines may be either
                     horizontal or vertical, as specified by the dimension
                      entry.  Horizontal lines move downward; vertical lines move to the right.
                     Box  - A rectangular box sweeps inward from the edges of the page or outward
                     from the center, as specified by the motion entry, revealing the new page.
                     Wipe - A single line sweeps across the screen from one edge to the other  in
                     the direction specified by the direction entry, revealing the new page.
                     Dissolve - The old page dissolves gradually to reveal the new one.
                     Glitter - Similar to Dissolve, except that the effect sweeps across the page
                     in a wide band moving from one side of  the  screen  to  the  other  in  the
                     direction specified by the direction entry.
                     R  -  The  new  page  simply replaces the old one with no special transition
                     effect; the direction entry shall be ignored.
                     Fly - (PDF 1.5) Changes are flown out or in (as specified by motion), in the
                     direction  specified  by  direction, to or from a location that is offscreen
                     except when direction is None.
                     Push - (PDF 1.5) The old page slides off  the  screen  while  the  new  page
                     slides in, pushing the old page out in the direction specified by direction.
                     Cover  -  (PDF  1.5)  The  new page slides on to the screen in the direction
                     specified by direction, covering the old page.
                     Uncover - (PDF 1.5) The old page slides off  the  screen  in  the  direction
                     specified  by  direction, uncovering the new page in the direction specified
                     by direction.
                     Fade - (PDF 1.5) The new page gradually becomes visible through the old one.

              duration is the length of the transition in seconds (default 1).

              dimension (Optional; Split and Blinds transition  styles  only)  The  dimension  in
              which the specified transition effect shall occur: H Horizontal, or V Vertical.

              motion  (Optional;  Split,  Box  and  Fly  transition styles only) The direction of
              motion for the specified transition effect: I Inward from the edges of the page, or
              O Outward from the center of the page.

              direction  (Optional; Wipe, Glitter, Fly, Cover, Uncover and Push transition styles
              only) The direction in which the specified transition effect shall moves, expressed
              in  degrees counterclockwise starting from a left-to-right direction.  If the value
              is a number, it shall be one of: 0 = Left to right, 90 = Bottom to top (Wipe only),
              180  =  Right  to  left (Wipe only), 270 = Top to bottom, 315 = Top-left to bottom-
              right (Glitter only) The value can be None, which is  relevant  only  for  the  Fly
              transition when the value of scale is not 1.0.

              scale  (Optional;  PDF 1.5; Fly transition style only) The starting or ending scale
              at which the changes shall be drawn.  If motion specifies an inward transition, the
              scale  of the changes drawn shall progress from scale to 1.0 over the course of the
              transition.  If motion specifies an outward transition, the scale  of  the  changes
              drawn shall progress from 1.0 to scale over the course of the transition

              bool (Optional; PDF 1.5; Fly transition style only) If true, the area that shall be
              flown in is rectangular and opaque.

              This command can be used by calling the macro .pdftransition using  the  parameters
              described  above.  Any of the parameters may be replaced with a "." which signifies
              the parameter retains its previous value, also any trailing missing parameters  are

              Note: not all PDF Readers support any or all these transitions.

   Importing graphics
       gropdf only supports importing other PDF files as graphics.  But that PDF file may contain
       any of the graphic formats supported by the PDF standard (such as JPEG, PNG,  GIF,  etc.).
       So  any  application which outputs PDF can be used as an embedded file in gropdf.  The PDF
       file you wish to insert must be a single page and the drawing must  just  fit  inside  the
       media  size  of  the  PDF file.  So, in inkscape(1) or gimp(1) (for example) make sure the
       canvas size just fits the image.

       The PDF  parser  used  in  gropdf  has  not  been  rigorously  tested  with  all  possible
       applications  which  produce  PDFs.   If  you find a single page PDF which fails to import
       properly, it is worth running it through the pdftk(1) program by issuing the command:

              pdftk oldfile.pdf output newfile.pdf

       You may find that newfile.pdf will now load successfully.

   TrueType and other font formats
       gropdf does not support any other fonts except Adobe Type 1 (PFA or PFB).


       This section gives a summary of the above explanations; it can  serve  as  a  step-by-step
       font installation guide for gropdf.

        •  Convert  your font to something groff understands.  This is either a PostScript Type 1
           font in either PFA or PFB, together with an AFM file.

           The very first line in a PFA/PFB file contains this:


           A PFB file has this also in the first line, but  the  string  is  preceded  with  some
           binary bytes.

        •  Convert  the  AFM  file to a groff font description file with the afmtodit(1) program.
           An example call is

                  afmtodit Foo-Bar-Bold.afm map/textmap FBB

           which converts the metric file ‘Foo-Bar-Bold.afm’ to the groff  font  ‘FBB’.   If  you
           have a font family which comes with normal, bold, italic, and bold italic faces, it is
           recommended to use the letters R, B, I, and BI,  respectively,  as  postfixes  in  the
           groff  font names to make groff's ‘.fam’ request work.  An example is groff's built-in
           Times-Roman font: The font family name is T, and the groff font names are TR, TB,  TI,
           and TBI.

        •  Install both the groff font description files and the fonts in a ‘devpdf’ subdirectory
           of the font path which groff finds.  See section “Environment”  in  troff(1)  for  the
           actual value of the font path.  Note that groff doesn't use the AFM files (but it is a
           good idea to store them anyway).

        •  Register all fonts which must be downloaded to  the  printer  in  the  devpdf/download
           file.   Only  the  first occurrence of this file in the font path is read.  This means
           that you should copy the default download file to the first  directory  in  your  font
           path  and  add  your fonts there.  To continue the above example we assume that the PS
           font name for Foo-Bar-Bold.pfa is ‘XY-Foo-Bar-Bold’ (the PS font name is stored in the
           internalname field in the FBB file) and belongs to foundry ‘F’ thus the following line
           should be added to download:

                  F XY-Foo-Bar-Bold Foo-Bar-Bold.pfa

           Use a tab character to separate the fields, and the ‘foundry’ field should be null for
           the default foundry.


              A  list  of directories in which to search for the devname directory in addition to
              the default ones.  If, in the download file, the font file has been specified  with
              a  full path, no directories are searched.  See troff(1) and groff_font(5) for more

              If this is set true, gropdf will ignore all commands which produce  a  presentation
              pdf, and produce a normal pdf instead.

              A  timestamp  (expressed  as  seconds  since the Unix epoch) to use as the creation
              timestamp in place of the current time.


              Device description file.

              Font description file for font F.

              Font description file for font F (using foundry U rather than the default foundry).

              List of downloadable fonts.

              A Perl script used during install to locate suitable fonts.

              Encoding used for text fonts.

              Macros for use with gropdf; automatically loaded by troffrc.


       afmtodit(1), groff(1), troff(1), groff_font(5), groff_out(5)