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       sigwaitinfo, sigtimedwait, rt_sigtimedwait - synchronously wait for queued signals


       Standard C library (libc, -lc)


       #include <signal.h>

       int sigwaitinfo(const sigset_t *restrict set,
                       siginfo_t *_Nullable restrict info);
       int sigtimedwait(const sigset_t *restrict set,
                       siginfo_t *_Nullable restrict info,
                       const struct timespec *restrict timeout);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       sigwaitinfo(), sigtimedwait():
           _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 199309L


       sigwaitinfo()  suspends execution of the calling thread until one of the signals in set is
       pending (If one of the  signals  in  set  is  already  pending  for  the  calling  thread,
       sigwaitinfo() will return immediately.)

       sigwaitinfo()  removes  the  signal from the set of pending signals and returns the signal
       number as its function result.  If the info argument is not NULL, then the buffer that  it
       points  to  is  used to return a structure of type siginfo_t (see sigaction(2)) containing
       information about the signal.

       If multiple signals in set are pending for the caller, the signal  that  is  retrieved  by
       sigwaitinfo()  is  determined  according  to  the  usual ordering rules; see signal(7) for
       further details.

       sigtimedwait() operates in exactly the same way as sigwaitinfo() except  that  it  has  an
       additional  argument,  timeout,  which  specifies  the  interval  for  which the thread is
       suspended waiting for a signal.  (This interval will be rounded up  to  the  system  clock
       granularity,  and  kernel  scheduling delays mean that the interval may overrun by a small
       amount.)  This argument is a timespec(3) structure.

       If both fields of this structure are specified as 0, a poll is  performed:  sigtimedwait()
       returns  immediately,  either  with  information  about  a signal that was pending for the
       caller, or with an error if none of the signals in set was pending.


       On success, both sigwaitinfo() and sigtimedwait() return a signal number  (i.e.,  a  value
       greater  than  zero).   On  failure  both  calls return -1, with errno set to indicate the


       EAGAIN No  signal  in  set  became  pending  within  the  timeout  period   specified   to

       EINTR  The wait was interrupted by a signal handler; see signal(7).  (This handler was for
              a signal other than one of those in set.)

       EINVAL timeout was invalid.


       POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008.


       In normal usage, the calling program blocks the  signals  in  set  via  a  prior  call  to
       sigprocmask(2)  (so  that the default disposition for these signals does not occur if they
       become pending between successive calls to sigwaitinfo() or sigtimedwait()) and  does  not
       establish  handlers  for  these signals.  In a multithreaded program, the signal should be
       blocked in all threads, in order to prevent the signal  being  treated  according  to  its
       default   disposition   in   a   thread  other  than  the  one  calling  sigwaitinfo()  or

       The set of signals that is pending for a given thread is the union of the set  of  signals
       that  is  pending  specifically for that thread and the set of signals that is pending for
       the process as a whole (see signal(7)).

       Attempts to wait for SIGKILL and SIGSTOP are silently ignored.

       If multiple  threads  of  a  process  are  blocked  waiting  for  the  same  signal(s)  in
       sigwaitinfo() or sigtimedwait(), then exactly one of the threads will actually receive the
       signal if it becomes pending for the process as a whole; which of the threads receives the
       signal is indeterminate.

       sigwaitinfo()  or  sigtimedwait(), can't be used to receive signals that are synchronously
       generated, such as the SIGSEGV signal  that  results  from  accessing  an  invalid  memory
       address  or  the SIGFPE signal that results from an arithmetic error.  Such signals can be
       caught only via signal handler.

       POSIX leaves the meaning of a NULL  value  for  the  timeout  argument  of  sigtimedwait()
       unspecified,  permitting  the  possibility  that  this  has  the same meaning as a call to
       sigwaitinfo(), and indeed this is what is done on Linux.

   C library/kernel differences
       On Linux, sigwaitinfo() is a library function implemented on top of sigtimedwait().

       The glibc wrapper functions for sigwaitinfo() and sigtimedwait() silently ignore  attempts
       to  wait  for  the  two  real-time  signals that are used internally by the NPTL threading
       implementation.  See nptl(7) for details.

       The original Linux system call was named sigtimedwait().  However, with  the  addition  of
       real-time  signals  in  Linux  2.2, the fixed-size, 32-bit sigset_t type supported by that
       system  call  was  no  longer  fit  for  purpose.   Consequently,  a  new   system   call,
       rt_sigtimedwait(),  was  added  to support an enlarged sigset_t type.  The new system call
       takes a fourth argument, size_t sigsetsize, which specifies  the  size  in  bytes  of  the
       signal set in set.  This argument is currently required to have the value sizeof(sigset_t)
       (or the error EINVAL results).  The glibc  sigtimedwait()  wrapper  function  hides  these
       details from us, transparently calling rt_sigtimedwait() when the kernel provides it.


       kill(2), sigaction(2), signal(2), signalfd(2), sigpending(2), sigprocmask(2), sigqueue(3),
       sigsetops(3), sigwait(3), timespec(3), signal(7), time(7)