Provided by: xvfb_1.11.4-0ubuntu10_amd64 bug


       xvfb-run - run specified X client or command in a virtual X server environment


       xvfb-run [ options ] command


       xvfb-run  is  a  wrapper  for  the  Xvfb(1x)  command which simplifies the task of running
       commands (typically an X client, or a script containing a  list  of  clients  to  be  run)
       within a virtual X server environment.

       xvfb-run  sets  up  an X authority file (or uses an existing user-specified one), writes a
       cookie to it (see xauth(1x)) and then starts the Xvfb X server as  a  background  process.
       The  process  ID of Xvfb is stored for later use.  The specified command is then run using
       the X display corresponding to the Xvfb server just  started  and  the  X  authority  file
       created earlier.

       When  the command exits, its status is saved, the Xvfb server is killed (using the process
       ID stored earlier), the X authority cookie removed, and the authority file deleted (if the
       user  did  not  specify one to use).  xvfb-run then exits with the exit status of command,
       except in error conditions (see EXIT STATUS below).

       xvfb-run requires the xauth command to function.


       -a, --auto-servernum
              Try to get a free server number, starting at 99, or the argument to --server-num.

       -e file, --error-file=file
              Store output from xauth and Xvfb in file.  The default is /dev/null.

       -f file, --auth-file=file
              Store X authentication data in file.  By  default,  a  temporary  directory  called
              xvfb-run.PID  (where  PID  is  the process ID of xvfb-run itself) is created in the
              directory specified by the environment variable TMPDIR (or /tmp if that variable is
              null  or  unset),  and  the  tempfile(1)  command  is used to create a file in that
              temporary directory called Xauthority.

       -h, --help
              Display a usage message and exit.

       -n servernumber, --server-num=servernumber
              Use servernumber as the server number (but  see  the  -a,  --auto-servernum  option
              above).  The default is 99.

       -l, --listen-tcp
              Enable  TCP  port  listening  in  the  X  server.   For  security reasons (to avoid
              denial-of-service attacks or exploits), TCP port listening is disabled by default.

       -p protocolname, --xauth-protocol=protocolname
              Use protocolname as the X authority protocol to use.  The  default  is  ‘.’,  which
              xauth interprets as its own default protocol, which is MIT-MAGIC-COOKIE-1.

       -s arguments, --server-args=arguments
              Pass  arguments  to the Xvfb server.  Be careful to quote any whitespace characters
              that may occur within arguments to prevent them from  regarded  as  separators  for
              xvfb-run's  own  arguments.   Also,  note  that specification of ‘-nolisten tcp’ in
              arguments may override the function of xvfb-run's own -l, --listen-tcp option,  and
              that  specification of the server number (e.g., ‘:1’) may be ignored because of the
              way  the  X  server  parses  its  argument   list.    Use   the   xvfb-run   option
              -n servernumber, --server-num=servernumber  to  achieve  the  latter function.  The
              default is ‘-screen 0 640x480x8’.

       -w delay, --wait=delay
              Wait delay seconds after launching Xvfb before attempting to  start  the  specified
              command.  The default is 3.


              indicates  the width of the terminal device in character cells.  This value is used
              for formatting diagnostic messages.  If not set,  the  terminal  is  queried  using
              stty(1) to determine its width.  If that fails, a value of ‘80’ is assumed.

       TMPDIR specifies  the  directory  in  which  to  place  xvfb-run's temporary directory for
              storage of the X authority file; only used if the -f or --auth-file options are not


       Unless  the -f or --auth-file options are specified, a temporary directory and file within
       it are created (and deleted) to store the X authority cookies used by the Xvfb server  and
       client(s)  run  under  it.   See  tempfile(1).   If  -f  or --auth-file are used, then the
       specified X authority file is only written  to,  not  created  or  deleted  (though  xauth
       creates an authority file itself if told to use use that does not already exist).

       An error file with a user-specified name is also created if the -e or --error-file options
       are specifed; see above.


       xvfb-run uses its exit  status  as  well  as  output  to  standard  error  to  communicate

       0      xvfb-run  only  uses  this  exit  status if the -h, --help option is given.  In all
              other situations, this may be interpreted as success of the specified command.

       1      Xvfb did not start correctly.

       2      No command to run was specified.

       3      The xauth command is not available.

       4      The temporary directory that was going to be used already  exists;  since  xvfb-run
              produces  a  uniquely  named  directory,  this  may  indicate an attempt by another
              process on the system to exploit a temporary file race condition.

       5      A problem was encountered while cleaning up the temporary directory.

       6      A  problem  was  encountered  while  using  getopt(1)  to  parse  the  command-line


       xvfb-run --auto-servernum --server-num=1 xlogo
              runs  the  xlogo(1x)  demonstration  client  inside  the Xvfb X server on the first
              available server number greater than or equal to 1.

       xvfb-run --server-args="-screen 0 1024x768x24" ico -faces
              runs the ico(1x) demonstration client (and passes it the  -faces  argument)  inside
              the  Xvfb X server, configured with a root window of 1024 by 768 pixels and a color
              depth of 24 bits.

       Note that the demo X clients used in the above examples will not exit  on  their  own,  so
       they will have to be killed before xvfb-run will exit.


       See the Debian Bug Tracking System ⟨⟩.  If you wish to report a
       bug in xvfb-run, please use the reportbug(1) command.


       xvfb-run was written by Branden Robinson and Jeff Licquia with  sponsorship  from  Progeny
       Linux Systems.


       Xvfb(1x), xauth(1x)