Provided by: siege_2.70-1build1_amd64 bug


       Siege  - An HTTP/HTTPS stress tester was designed orignally as a internet usage simulator.
       In short, its role was to simulate the activity of many simultaneous users hitting a  HTTP
       server.   We  were  debugging some java code and during that process we arrived at a point
       where the code could withstand an acceptable number of users hitting a single URL  but  it
       could  not  withstand  the seemingly random activity that characterizes many users hitting
       many URLs on a webserver.

       In order to debug the problem in a lab environment, I developed a program that simply read
       a  bunch  of URLs ( we used images, scripts, static html, jsps, etc. ) into memory and hit
       them randomly.  The result was a success.  We were able to break the code in the  lab,  an
       occurance  which  ultimately  allowed  us  to  fix  it and put it into production.  As the
       developers code improved, siege improved until we ultimately had  good  java  code  and  a
       pretty decent regression tool.  It was helpful for us, I hope it is helpful to you.

       In  order  to feel comfortable putting code into production, you need a way to measure its
       performance and to determine its threshold for failure.  If you break your  database  pool
       at 250 simultaneous users and you average less then one-hundred simultaneous users and the
       code performs favorably, you can feel good about putting it into production.  At the  same
       time, if you should monitor trends in your site's activity and prepare for the moment when
       your traffic starts to near your threshold for failure.

       As a webdeveloper or websystems administrator you have little to no control over your user
       group.   They  can visit your site anytime day or night. Your domain name could resemble a
       popular site,  And when was the last time  marketing  informed  you  about  an
       approaching advertising blitz?  You must be prepared for anything.  That is why stress and
       performance testing  is  so  important.  I  would  not  recommend  putting  anything  into
       production until you have a good feel for how it will perform under duress.


       Whenever  we  add  new  code  to  a webserver, we place the server "under siege." First we
       stressthe new URL(s) and then we pound the server with regression  testing  with  the  new
       URLs  added  to  the configuration file.  We want to see if the new code will stand on its
       own, plus we want to see if it will break anything else.

       The following statistics were gleaned when I laid siege to a single URL on a http server:

       Transactions:                  1000 hits
       Elapsed time:                617.99 secs
       Data transferred:           4848000 bytes
       Response time:                59.41 secs
       Transaction rate:              1.62 trans/sec
       Throughput:                 7844.79 bytes/sec
       Concurrency:                  96.14
       Status code 200:               1000

       In the above example, we simulated 100 users hitting the same URL 10  times,  a  total  of
       1000 transactions. The elapsed time is measured from the first transaction to the last, in
       this case it took 617.99 seconds to hit the http server  1000  times.   During  that  run,
       siege  received a total of 4848000 bytes including headers.  The response time is measured
       by the  duration  of  each  transaction  divided  by  the  number  of  transactions.   The
       transaction  rate  is  number  of transactions divided by elapsed time.  Throughput is the
       measure of bytes received divided by elapsed time.  And the concurrency  is  the  time  of
       each  transaction  divided  by  the elapsed time.  The final statistic is Status code 200.
       This is the number of pages that were effectively delivered without server errors.

       To create this example, I ran siege on my Sun workstation and I pounded a GNU/Linux  Intel
       box,  essentially  a  workstation.   The  performance  leaves  a  lot  to be desired.  One
       indication that the server  is  struggling  is  the  high  concurrency.   The  longer  the
       transaction,  the  higher  the concurrency.  This server is taking a while to complete the
       transaction and it continues to open new sockets to handle all  the  additional  requests.
       In  truth the Linux box is suffering from a lack of RAM, it has about 200MB, hardly enough
       to be handling one hundred concurrent users. :-)

       Now that we've stressed the URL(s) singly, we can add them to our main configuration  file
       and   stress   them   with   the   rest   of   the   site.    The  default  URLs  file  is

       Siege can allow websystems administrators a chance to see how their servers perform  under
       duress.   I  recommend running server performance monitoring tools while it is under siege
       to gage your hardware / software configurations.  The results can be surprising...

       Siege was originally based on Lincoln Stein's and if  you  cannot  it  on  your
       architecture,  it  is  recommended  that  you  run  that excellent perl script instead.  I
       intentionally modeled my  statistics  output  after  his  in  order  to  maintain  similar


       Copyright © 2000 2001 2004 Jeffrey Fulmer, et al. <>

       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of
       the GNU General Public License as published by  the  Free  Software  Fo  undation;  either
       version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

       This  program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY;
       without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR  PURPOSE.
       See the GNU General Public License for more details.

       You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program;
       if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave,  Cambridge,  MA  02139,


       The   most   recent  released  version  of  siege  is  available  by  anonymous  FTP  from in the directory pub/siege.


       siege(1) siege.config(1) urls_txt(5)