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       tzset, tzname, timezone, daylight - initialize time conversion information


       #include <time.h>

       void tzset (void);

       extern char *tzname[2];
       extern long timezone;
       extern int daylight;

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       tzset(): _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 1 || _XOPEN_SOURCE || _POSIX_SOURCE
       tzname: _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 1 || _XOPEN_SOURCE || _POSIX_SOURCE
       timezone: _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE
       daylight: _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE


       The  tzset()  function  initializes  the tzname variable from the TZ environment variable.
       This function is automatically called by the other time conversion functions  that  depend
       on  the timezone.  In a System-V-like environment, it will also set the variables timezone
       (seconds West of UTC) and daylight (to 0 if this  timezone  does  not  have  any  daylight
       saving  time  rules, or to nonzero if there is a time during the year when daylight saving
       time applies).

       If the TZ variable does not appear in the environment, the tzname variable is  initialized
       with the best approximation of local wall clock time, as specified by the tzfile(5)-format
       file localtime found in the system timezone directory (see below).  (One also  often  sees
       /etc/localtime used here, a symlink to the right file in the system timezone directory.)

       If  the  TZ  variable  does  appear in the environment but its value is empty or its value
       cannot be interpreted using any of the formats specified below, Coordinated Universal Time
       (UTC) is used.

       The  value  of  TZ can be one of three formats.  The first format is used when there is no
       daylight saving time in the local timezone:

              std offset

       The std string specifies the name of the timezone and must be  three  or  more  alphabetic
       characters.   The offset string immediately follows std and specifies the time value to be
       added to the local time to get Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).  The offset  is  positive
       if  the local timezone is west of the Prime Meridian and negative if it is east.  The hour
       must be between 0 and 24, and the minutes and seconds 0 and 59.

       The second format is used when there is daylight saving time:

              std offset dst [offset],start[/time],end[/time]

       There are no spaces in the specification.  The initial std and offset specify the standard
       timezone,  as  described above.  The dst string and offset specify the name and offset for
       the corresponding daylight saving timezone.  If the offset is omitted, it default  to  one
       hour ahead of standard time.

       The  start  field  specifies  when daylight saving time goes into effect and the end field
       specifies when the change is made back to  standard  time.   These  fields  may  have  the
       following formats:

       Jn     This specifies the Julian day with n between 1 and 365.  Leap days are not counted.
              In this format, February 29 can't be represented; February 28 is day 59, and  March
              1 is always day 60.

       n      This  specifies the zero-based Julian day with n between 0 and 365.  February 29 is
              counted in leap years.

       Mm.w.d This specifies day d (0 <= d <= 6) of week w (1 <= w <= 5) of month m (1  <=  m  <=
              12).  Week 1 is the first week in which day d occurs and week 5 is the last week in
              which day d occurs.  Day 0 is a Sunday.

       The time fields specify when, in the local time currently in effect,  the  change  to  the
       other time occurs.  If omitted, the default is 02:00:00.

       Here  is  an  example for New Zealand, where the standard time (NZST) is 12 hours ahead of
       UTC, and daylight saving time (NZDT), 13 hours ahead of UTC, runs from the first Sunday in
       October  to  the  third Sunday in March, and the changeovers happen at the default time of


       The third format specifies that the timezone information should be read from a file:


       If the file specification filespec is omitted, the timezone information is read  from  the
       file   localtime   in   the   system   timezone   directory,  which  nowadays  usually  is
       /usr/share/zoneinfo.  This file  is  in  tzfile(5)  format.   If  filespec  is  given,  it
       specifies  another  tzfile(5)-format  file  to  read  the  timezone  information from.  If
       filespec does not begin with a '/', the file  specification  is  relative  to  the  system
       timezone directory.

       Here's an example, once more for New Zealand:



       The  system  timezone  directory used depends on the (g)libc version.  Libc4 and libc5 use
       /usr/lib/zoneinfo,  and,  since   libc-5.4.6,   when   this   doesn't   work,   will   try
       /usr/share/zoneinfo.   Glibc2  will  use the environment variable TZDIR, when that exists.
       Its default depends on how it was installed, but normally is /usr/share/zoneinfo.

       This timezone directory contains the files
       localtime      local timezone file
       posixrules     rules for POSIX-style TZ's

       Often /etc/localtime is a symlink to the file localtime or to the correct timezone file in
       the system timezone directory.


       SVr4, POSIX.1-2001, 4.3BSD.


       Note  that the variable daylight does not indicate that daylight saving time applies right
       now.  It used to give the number  of  some  algorithm  (see  the  variable  tz_dsttime  in
       gettimeofday(2)).  It has been obsolete for many years but is required by SUSv2.

       4.3BSD  had  a  function  char *timezone(zone, dst) that returned the name of the timezone
       corresponding to its first argument (minutes West of UTC).  If the second argument was  0,
       the standard name was used, otherwise the daylight saving time version.


       date(1), gettimeofday(2), time(2), ctime(3), getenv(3), tzfile(5)


       This  page  is  part of release 3.54 of the Linux man-pages project.  A description of the
       project,    and    information    about    reporting    bugs,    can    be    found     at

                                            2012-03-25                                   TZSET(3)