Provided by: fswebcam_20140113-1_amd64 bug


       fswebcam - Small and simple webcam for *nix.


       fswebcam [<options>] <filename> [[<options>] <filename> ... ]


       fswebcam is a small and simple webcam app for *nix. It can capture images from a number of
       different sources and perform simple manipulation on the captured image. The image can  be
       saved as one or more PNG or JPEG files.

       The  PNG or JPEG image can be sent to stdio using the filename "-". The output filename is
       formatted by strftime.


   Configuration File
       Config files use the long version of options without the "--" prefix. Comments start  with
       a # symbol at the beginning of the line.

   General Options
       -?, --help
              Show a usage summary.

       -c, --config
              Load  options from a file. You can load more than one config file, and can mix them
              with command-line arguments.

              Note: This option can not be used from within a configuration file.

       -q, --quiet
              Hides all messages except errors.

       -v, --verbose
              Print extra information during the capture process.

              Print the version number and exit.

       -l, --loop <frequency>
              Continually capture images. The time between images is specified in seconds.

              Default behaviour is to capture a single image and exit.

              Note: The time to capture the next image is calculated relative to the epoch, so an
              image will not be captured immediately when the program is first started.

       --offset <seconds>
              Sets  the  offset  to use when calculating when the next image is due in loop mode.
              Value can be positive or negative.

       -b, --background
              Run in the background. In this mode stdout and console logging are unavailable.

       --pid <filename>
              Saves the PID of the background process to the specified  file.  Ignored  when  not
              using background mode.

       --log [file/syslog:]<filename>
              Redirect log messages to a file or syslog. For example

              --log output.log
              --log file:output.log
              --log syslog

       --gmt  Use GMT instead of the local timezone when formatting text with strftime.

   Capture Options
       -d, --device [<prefix>:]<device name>
              Set the source or device to use. The source module is selected automatically unless
              specified in the prefix.

              Default is /dev/video0.

              Available source modules, in order of preference:

              V4L2 - Capture images from a V4L2 compatible video device.
              V4L1 - Capture images from a V4L1 compatible video device.
              FILE - Capture an image from a JPEG or PNG image file.
              RAW - Reads images straight from a device or file.
              TEST - Draws colour bars.

       -i, --input <input number or name>
              Set the input to use. You may select an input by either it's number or name.

              Default is "0".

              List available inputs for the selected source or device.

              fswebcam -d v4l2:/dev/video1 --list-inputs

       -t, --tuner <tuner number>
              Set the tuner to use.

       -f, --frequency <frequency>
              Set the frequency of the selected input or tuner. The value may be read as  KHz  or
              MHz depending on the input or tuner.

       -p, --palette <name>
              Try to use the specified image format when capturing the image.

              Default is to select one automatically.

              Supported formats:


       -r, --resolution <dimensions>
              Set  the  image  resolution of the source or device. The actual resolution used may
              differ if the source or device cannot capture at the specified resolution.

              Default is "384x288".

       --fps <frames per second>
              Sets the frame rate of the capture device. This currently only works  with  certain
              V4L2 devices.

              Default is "0", let the device decide.

       -F, --frames <number>
              Set  the  number  of  frames  to  capture. More frames mean less noise in the final
              image, however capture times will be longer and moving objects may appear blurred.

              Default is "1".

       -S, --skip <number>
              Set the number of frames to skip. These frames will be captured but won't  be  use.
              Use  this  option  if  your  camera  sends some bad or corrupt frames when it first
              starts capturing.

              Default is "0".

       -D, --delay <delay>
              Inserts a delay after the source or device has been  opened  and  initialised,  and
              before  the  capture  begins.  Some devices need this delay to let the image settle
              after a setting has changed. The delay time is specified in seconds.

       -R, --read
              Use read() to capture images. This can be slower but more stable with some devices.

              Default is to use mmap(), falling back on read() if mmap() is unavailable.

       -s, --set <name=value>
              Set a control. These are used by the source modules  to  control  image  or  device
              parameters.  Numeric values can be expressed as a percentage of there maximum range
              or a literal value, for example:

              --set brightness=50% --set framerate=5

              Non-numeric controls are also supported:

              --set lights=on

              V4L2 features a type of control called a 'button'. These controls do not  take  any
              value, but trigger an action. For example:

              --set "Restore Factory Settings"

              Control names and values are not case sensitive.

              Note: Available controls will vary depending in the source module and devices used.
              For more information see the --list-controls option.

              List available controls and their current values for the selected source module and
              device. For example:

              fswebcam -d v4l2:/dev/video2 --list-controls

   Output Options
       These  options  are performed in the order they appear on the command line, only effecting
       images output later on the command line. For example:

              fswebcam -r 640x480 output1.jpeg --scale 320x240 output2.jpeg

              Will create two images, "output1.jpeg" containing a full  resolution  copy  of  the
              captured  image and "output2.jpeg" containing the same captured image but scaled to
              half the size.

              Disable the banner.

              Position the banner at the top of the image.

              Position the banner at the bottom of the image.

              This is the default.

       --banner-colour <#AARRGGBB>
              Set the colour of the banner. Uses the web-style hexadecimal  format  (#RRGGBB)  to
              describe the colour, and can support an alpha channel (#AARRGGBB). Examples:

              "#FF0000" is pure red.
              "#80000000" is semi-transparent black.
              "#FF000000" is invisible (alpha channel is at maximum).
              Default is "#40263A93".

       --line-colour <#AARRGGBB>
              Set the colour of the divider line. See --banner-colour for more information.

              Default is "#00FF0000".

       --text-colour <#AARRGGBB>
              Set the colour of the text. See --banner-colour for more information.

              Default is "#00FFFFFF".

       --font <[file or font name]:[font size]>
              Set the font used in the banner. If no path is specified the path in the GDFONTPATH
              environment variable is searched for the font. Fontconfig names may also be used if
              the GD library has support.

              If no font size is specified the default of "10" will be used.

              Default is "sans:10".

              Disable the text shadow.

              Enable the text shadow.

              This is the default behaviour.

       --title <text>
              Set the main text, located in the top left of the banner.

              Clear the main text.

       --subtitle <text>
              Set the sub-title text, located in the bottom left of the banner.

              Clear the sub-title text.

       --timestamp <text>
              Set  the  timestamp  text,  located  in the top right of the banner. This string is
              formatted by strftime.

              Default is "%Y-%m-%d %H:%M (%Z)".

              Clear the timestamp text.

       --info <text>
              Set the info text, located in the bottom right of the banner.

              Clear the info text.

       --underlay <filename>
              Load a PNG image and overlay it on the  image,  below  the  banner.  The  image  is
              aligned to the top left.

              Note:  The underlay is only applied when saving an image and is not modified by any
              of the image options or effects.

              Clear the underlay image.

       --overlay <filename>
              Load a PNG image and overlay on the image, above the banner. The image  is  aligned
              to the top left.

              Note:  The  overlay is only applied when saving an image and is not modified by any
              of the image options or effects.

              Remove the overlay image.

       --jpeg <factor>
              Set JPEG as the output image format. The compression factor is a  value  between  0
              and 95, or -1 for automatic.

              This is the default format, with a factor of "-1".

       --png <factor>
              Set PNG as the output image format. The compression factor can be a value between 0
              and 9, or -1 for automatic.

       --save <filename>
              Saves the image to the specified filename.

              Note: This isn't necessary on the command-line where a filename alone is enough  to
              save an image.

              Revert  to  the  original  captured  image and resolution. This undoes all previous
              effects on the image.

              Note: This only reverts the image itself, and not options such as font, colours and

       --flip <direction[,direction]>
              Flips the image. Direction can be (h)orizontal or (v)ertical. Example:

              --flip h    Flips the image horizontally.
              --flip h,v  Flips the image both horizontally and vertically.

       --crop <dimensions[,offset]>
              Crop  the  image.  With no offset the cropped area will be the center of the image.

              --crop 320x240    Crops the center 320x240 area of the image.
              --crop 10x10,0x0  Crops the 10x10 area at the top left corner of the image.

       --scale <dimensions>
              Scale the image.

              Example: "--scale 640x480" scales the image up or down to 640x480.

              Note: The aspect ratio of the image is not maintained.

       --rotate <angle>
              Rotate the image in right angles (90, 180 and 270 degrees).

              Note: Rotating the image 90 or 270 degrees will swap the dimensions.

              Apply a simple deinterlacer to the image.

              Invert all the colours in the image, creating a negative.

              Remove all colour from the image.

       --swapchannels <c1c2>
              Swap colour channels c1 and c2. Valid channels are R, G and B -- for Red, Green and
              Blue channels respectively.

              Example: "--swapchannels RB" will swap the red and blue channels.

       --exec <command>
              Executes  the specified command and waits for it to complete before continuing. The
              command line is formatted by strftime.


       SIGHUP This causes fswebcam to reload it's configuration.

              Causes fswebcam to capture an image immediately without waiting  on  the  timer  in
              loop mode.


       The spacing between letters may be incorrect. This is an issue with the GD library.


       Please report bugs to <>.


        ncftpput(1), strftime(3)


       Written by Philip Heron <>.