Provided by: maq_0.7.1-5_amd64 bug


       Maq - Mapping and Assembly with Qualities


       maq command [options] arguments command [options] arguments


       Maq is a software that builds mapping assemblies from short reads generated by the next-
       generation sequencing machines. It is particularly designed for Illumina-Solexa 1G Genetic
       Analyzer, and has a preliminary functionality to handle AB SOLiD data.

       With Maq you can:

       • Fast align Illumina/SOLiD reads to the reference genome. With the default options, one
         million pairs of reads can be mapped to the human genome in about 10 CPU hours with less
         than 1G memory.

       • Accurately measure the error probability of the alignment of each individual read.

       • Call the consensus genotypes, including homozygous and heterozygous polymorphisms, with
         a Phred probabilistic quality assigned to each base.

       • Find short indels with paired end reads.

       • Accurately find large scale genomic deletions and translocations with paired end reads.

       • Discover potential CNVs by checking read depth.

       • Evaluate the accuracy of raw base qualities from sequencers and help to check the
         systematic errors.

       However, Maq can NOT:

       • Do de novo assembly. (Maq can only call the consensus by mapping reads to a known

       • Map shorts reads against themselves. (Maq can only find complete overlap between reads.)

       • Align capillary reads or 454 reads to the reference. (Maq cannot align reads longer than


       Key Commands

       fasta2bfa  maq fasta2bfa in.ref.fasta out.ref.bfa

                  Convert sequences in FASTA format to Maq's BFA (binary FASTA) format.

       fastq2bfq  maq fastq2bfq [-n nreads]

                  Convert reads in FASTQ format to Maq's BFQ (binary FASTQ) format.


                  -n INT   number of reads per file [not specified]

       map        maq map [-n nmis] [-a maxins] [-c] [-1 len1] [-2 len2] [-d adap3] [-m mutrate]
                  [-u unmapped] [-e maxerr] [-M c⎪g] [-N] [-H allhits] [-C maxhits]
                  in.ref.bfa in.read1.bfq [in.read2.bfq] 2>

                  Map reads to the reference sequences.


                  -n INT   Number of maximum mismatches that can always be found [2]

                  -a INT   Maximum outer distance for a correct read pair [250]

                  -A INT   Maximum outer distance of two RF paied read (0 for disable) [0]

                  -c       Map reads in the colour space (for SOLiD only)

                  -1 INT   Read length for the first read, 0 for auto [0]

                  -2 INT   Read length for the second read, 0 for auto [0]

                  -m FLOAT Mutation rate between the reference sequences and the reads [0.001]

                  -d FILE  Specify a file containing a single line of the 3'-adapter sequence

                  -u FILE  Dump unmapped reads and reads containing more than nmis mismatches to
                           a separate file [null]

                  -e INT   Threshold on the sum of mismatching base qualities [70]

                  -H FILE  Dump multiple/all 01-mismatch hits to FILE [null]

                  -C INT   Maximum number of hits to output. Unlimited if larger than 512. [250]

                  -M c⎪g   methylation alignment mode. All C (or G) on the forward strand will be
                           changed to T (or A). This option is for testing only.

                  -N       store the mismatch position in the output file When this
                           option is in use, the maximum allowed read length is 55bp.


                  * Paired end reads should be prepared in two files, one for each end, with
                    reads are sorted in the same order. This means the k-th read in the first
                    file is mated with the k-th read in the second file. The corresponding read
                    names must be identical up to the tailing `/1' or `/2'. For example, such a
                    pair of read names are allowed: `EAS1_1_5_100_200/1' and
                    `EAS1_1_5_100_200/2'. The tailing `/[12]' is usually generated by the
                    GAPipeline to distinguish the two ends in a pair.

                  * The output is a compressed binary file. It is affected by the endianness.

                  * The best way to run this command is to provide about 1 to 3 million reads as
                    input. More reads consume more memory.

                  * Option -n controls the sensitivity of the alignment. By default, a hit with
                    up to 2 mismatches can be always found. Higher -n finds more hits and also
                    improves the accuracy of mapping qualities. However, this is done at the cost
                    of speed.

                  * Alignments with many high-quality mismatches should be discarded as false
                    alignments or possible contaminations. This behaviour is controlled by option
                    -e. The -e threshold is only calculated approximately because base qualities
                    are divided by 10 at a certain stage of the alignment. The -Q option in the
                    assemble command precisely set the threshold.

                  * A pair of reads are said to be correctly paired if and only if the
                    orientation is FR and the outer distance of the pair is no larger than
                    maxins. There is no limit on the minimum insert size. This setting is
                    determined by the paired end alignment algorithm used in Maq. Requiring a
                    minimum insert size will lead to some wrong alignments with highly
                    overestimated mapping qualities.

                  * Currently, read pairs from Illumina/Solexa long-insert library have RF read
                    orientation. The maximum insert size is set by option -A. However, long-
                    insert library is also mixed with a small fraction of short-insert read
                    pairs. -a should also be set correctly.

                  * Sometimes 5'-end or even the entire 3'-adapter sequence may be sequenced.
                    Providing -d renders Maq to eliminate the adapter contaminations.

                  * Given 2 million reads as input, maq usually takes 800MB memory.

       mapmerge   maq mapmerge [...]

                  Merge a batch of read alignments together.


                  * In theory, this command can merge unlimited number of alignments. However, as
                    mapmerge will be reading all the inputs at the same time, it may hit the
                    limit of the maximum number of opening files set by the OS. At present, this
                    has to be manually solved by endusers.

                  * Command mapmerge can be used to merge alignment files with different read
                    lengths. All the subsequent analyses do not assume fixed length any more.

       rmdup      maq rmdup

                  Remove pairs with identical outer coordinates. In principle, pairs with
                  identical outer coordinates should happen rarely. However, due to the
                  amplification in sample preparation, this occurs much more frequently than by
                  chance. Practical analyses show that removing duplicates helps to improve the
                  overall accuracy of SNP calling.

       assemble   maq assemble [-sp] [-m maxmis] [-Q maxerr] [-r hetrate] [-t coef] [-q minQ] [-N
                  nHap] out.cns in.ref.bfa 2> out.cns.log

                  Call the consensus sequences from read mapping.


                  -t FLOAT Error dependency coefficient [0.93]

                  -r FLOAT Fraction of heterozygotes among all sites [0.001]

                  -s       Take single end mapping quality as the final mapping quality;
                           otherwise paired end mapping quality will be used

                  -p       Discard paired end reads that are not mapped in correct pairs

                  -m INT   Maximum number of mismatches allowed for a read to be used in
                           consensus calling [7]

                  -Q INT   Maximum allowed sum of quality values of mismatched bases [60]

                  -q INT   Minimum mapping quality allowed for a read to be used in consensus
                           calling [0]

                  -N INT   Number of haplotypes in the pool (>=2) [2]


                  * Option -Q sets a limit on the maximum sum of mismatching base qualities.
                    Reads containing many high-quality mismatches should be discarded.

                  * Option -N sets the number of haplotypes in a pool. It is designed for
                    resequencing of samples by pooling multiple strains/individuals together. For
                    diploid genome resequencing, this option equals 2.

       glfgen     maq glfgen [-sp] [-m maxmis] [-Q maxerr] [-r hetrate] [-t coef] [-q minQ] [-N
                  nHap] out.cns in.ref.bfa 2> out.cns.log

                  Calculate log-likelihood for all genotypes and store the results in GLF format
                  (Genotyping Likelihood Format). Please check MAQ website for detailed
                  descriptions of the file format and the related utilities.

       indelpe    maq indelpe in.ref.bfa > out.indelpe

                  Call consistent indels from paired end reads. The output is TAB delimited with
                  each line consisting of chromosome, start position, type of the indel, number
                  of reads across the indel, size of the indel and inserted/deleted nucleotides
                  (separated by colon), number of indels on the reverse strand, number of indels
                  on the forward strand, 5' sequence ahead of the indel, 3' sequence following
                  the indel, number of reads aligned without indels and three additional columns
                  for filters.

                  At the 3rd column, type of the indel, a star indicates the indel is confirmed
                  by reads from both strands, a plus means the indel is hit by at least two reads
                  but from the same strand, a minus shows the indel is only found on one read,
                  and a dot means the indel is too close to another indel and is filtered out.

                  Users are recommended to run through ` indelpe' to correct the number of
                  reads mapped without indels. For more details, see the ` indelpe'

       indelsoa   maq indelsoa in.ref.bfa > out.indelsoa

                  Call potential homozygous indels and break points by detecting the abnormal
                  alignment pattern around indels and break points. The output is also TAB
                  delimited with each line consisting of chromosome, approximate coordinate,
                  length of the abnormal region, number of reads mapped across the position,
                  number of reads on the left-hand side of the position and number of reads on
                  the right-hand side. The last column can be ignored.

                  The output contains many false positives. A recommended filter could be:

                    awk '$5+$6-$4 >= 3 && $4 <= 1' in.indelsoa

                  Note that this command does not aim to be an accurate indel detector, but
                  mainly helps to avoid some false positives in substitution calling. In
                  addition, it only works well given deep depth (~40X for example); otherwise the
                  false negative rate would be very high.

       Format Converting

       sol2sanger maq sol2sanger in.sol.fastq out.sanger.fastq

                  Convert Solexa FASTQ to standard/Sanger FASTQ format.

       bfq2fastq  maq bfq2fastq

                  Convert Maq's BFQ format to standard FASTQ format.

       mapass2maq maq mapass2maq

                  Convert obsolete mapass2's map format to Maq's map format. The old format does
                  not contain read names.

       Information Extracting

       mapview    maq mapview [-bN] > out.aln.txt

                  Display the read alignment in plain text. For reads aligned before the Smith-
                  Waterman alignment, each line consists of read name, chromosome, position,
                  strand, insert size from the outer coorniates of a pair, paired flag, mapping
                  quality, single-end mapping quality, alternative mapping quality, number of
                  mismatches of the best hit, sum of qualities of mismatched bases of the best
                  hit, number of 0-mismatch hits of the first 24bp, number of 1-mismatch hits of
                  the first 24bp on the reference, length of the read, read sequence and its
                  quality.  Alternative mapping quality always equals to mapping quality if the
                  reads are not paired. If reads are paired, it equals to the smaller mapping
                  quality of the two ends. This alternative mapping quality is actually the
                  mapping quality of an abnormal pair.

                  The fifth column, paired flag, is a bitwise flag. Its lower 4 bits give the
                  orientation: 1 stands for FF, 2 for FR, 4 for RF, and 8 for RR, where FR means
                  that the read with smaller coordinate is on the forward strand, and its mate is
                  on the reverse strand. Only FR is allowed for a correct pair. The higher bits
                  of this flag give further information. If the pair meets the paired end
                  requirement, 16 will be set. If the two reads are mapped to different
                  chromosomes, 32 will be set. If one of the two reads cannot be mapped at all,
                  64 will be set. The flag for a correct pair always equals to 18.

                  For reads aligned by the Smith-Waterman alignment afterwards, the flag is
                  always 130. A line consists of read name, chromosome, position, strand, insert
                  size, flag (always 130), position of the indel on the read (0 if no indel),
                  length of the indels (positive for insertions and negative for deletions),
                  mapping quality of its mate, number of mismatches of the best hit, sum of
                  qualities of mismatched bases of the best hit, two zeros, length of the read,
                  read sequence and its quality. The mate of a 130-flagged read always gets a
                  flag 18.

                  Flag 192 indicates that the read is not mapped but its mate is mapped. For such
                  a read pair, one read has flag 64 and the other has 192.


                  -b       do not display the read sequence and the quality

                  -N       display the positions where mismatches occur. This flag only works
                           with a .map file generated by `maq map -N'.

       mapcheck   maq mapcheck [-s] [-m maxmis] [-q minQ] in.ref.bfa > out.mapcheck

                  Read quality check. The mapcheck first reports the composition and the depth of
                  the reference. After that there is a form. The first column indicates the
                  position on a read. Following four columns which show the nucleotide
                  composition, substitution rates between the reference and reads will be given.
                  These rates and the numbers in the following columns are scaled to 999 and
                  rounded to nearest integer. The next group of columns show the distribution of
                  base qualities along the reads at a quality interval of 10. A decay in quality
                  can usually be observed, which means bases at the end of read are less
                  accurate. The last group of columns present the fraction of substitutions for
                  read bases at a quality interval. This measures the accuracy of base quality
                  estimation. Idealy, we expect to see 1 in the 3? column, 10 in the 2?  column
                  and 100 in the 1? column.


                  -s       Take single end mapping quality as the final mapping quality

                  -m INT   Maximum number of mismatahces allowed for a read to be counted [4]

                  -q INT   Minimum mapping quality allowed for a read to be counted [30]

       pileup     maq pileup [-spvP] [-m maxmis] [-Q maxerr] [-q minQ] [-l sitefile] in.ref.bfa
         > out.pileup

                  Display the alignment in a `pileup' text format. Each line consists of
                  chromosome, position, reference base, depth and the bases on reads that cover
                  this position. If -v is added on the command line, base qualities and mapping
                  qualities will be presented in the sixth and seventh columns in order.

                  The fifth column always starts with `@'. In this column, read bases identical
                  to the reference are showed in comma `,' or dot `.', and read bases different
                  from the reference in letters. A comma or a upper case indicates that the base
                  comes from a read aligned on the forward strand, while a dot or a lower case on
                  the reverse strand.

                  This command is for users who want to develop their own SNP callers.


                  -s       Take single end mapping quality as the final mapping quality

                  -p       Discard paired end reads that are not mapped as correct pairs

                  -v       Output verbose information including base qualities and mapping

                  -m INT   Maximum number of mismatches allowed for a read to be used [7]

                  -Q INT   Maximum allowed number of quality values of mismatches [60]

                  -q INT   Minimum mapping quality allowed for a read to be used [0]

                  -l FILE  File containing the sites at which pileup will be printed out. In this
                           file the first column gives the names of the reference and the second
                           the coordinates. Additional columns will be ignored. [null]

                  -P       also output the base position on the read

       cns2fq     maq cns2fq [-Q minMapQ] [-n minNeiQ] [-d minDepth] [-D maxDepth] in.cns >

                  Extract the consensus sequences in FASTQ format. In the sequence lines, bases
                  in lower case are essentially repeats or do not have sufficient coverage; bases
                  in upper case indicate regions where SNPs can be reliably called. In the
                  quality lines, ASCII of a character minus 33 gives the PHRED quality.


                  -Q INT   Minimum mapping quality [40]

                  -d INT   Minimum read depth [3]

                  -n INT   Minimum neighbouring quality [20]

                  -D INT   Maximum read dpeth. >=255 for unlimited. [255]

       cns2snp    maq cns2snp in.cns > out.snp

                  Extract SNP sites. Each line consists of chromosome, position, reference base,
                  consensus base, Phred-like consensus quality, read depth, the average number of
                  hits of reads covering this position, the highest mapping quality of the reads
                  covering the position, the minimum consensus quality in the 3bp flanking
                  regions at each side of the site (6bp in total), the second best call, log
                  likelihood ratio of the second best and the third best call, and the third best

                  The 5th column is the key criterion when you judge the reliability of a SNP.
                  However, as this quality is only calculated assuming site independency, you
                  should also consider other columns to get more accurate SNP calls. Script
                  command ` SNPfilter' is designed for this (see below).

                  The 7th column implies whether the site falls in a repetitive region. If no
                  read covering the site can be mapped with high mapping quality, the flanking
                  region is possibly repetitive or in the lack of good reads. A SNP at such site
                  is usually not reliable.

                  The 8th column roughly gives the copy number of the flanking region in the
                  reference genome. In most cases, this number approaches 1.00, which means the
                  region is about unique. Sometimes you may see non-zero read depth but 0.00 at
                  the 7th column. This indicates that all the reads covering the position have at
                  least two mismatches. Maq only counts the number of 0- and 1-mismatch hits to
                  the reference. This is due to a complex technical issue.

                  The 9th column gives the neighbouring quality. Filtering on this column is also
                  required to get reliable SNPs. This idea is inspired by NQS, although NQS is
                  initially designed for a single read instead of a consensus.

       cns2view   maq cns2view in.cns > out.view

                  Show detailed information at all sites. The output format is identical to
                  cns2snp report.

       cns2ref    maq cns2ref in.cns > out.ref.fasta

                  Extract the reference sequence.

       cns2win    maq cns2win [-w winsize] [-c chr] [-b begin] [-e end] [-q minQ] in.cns >

                  Extract information averaged in a tilling window. The output is TAB delimited,
                  which consists of reference name, coordinate divided by 1,000,000, SNP rate,
                  het rate, raw read depth, read depth in approximately unique regions, the
                  average number of hits of reads in the window and percent GC.


                  -w INT   Size of a window [1000]

                  -c STR   Destinated reference sequence; otherwise all references will be used

                  -b INT   Start position, 0 for no constraint [0]

                  -e INT   End position, 0 for no constraint [0]

                  -q INT   Minimum consensus quality of the sites to be used [0]

       Simulation Related

       fakemut    maq fakemut [-r mutrate] [-R indelfrac] in.ref.fasta > out.fakeref.fasta 2>

                  Randomly introduce substitutions and indels to the reference. Substitutions and
                  sinlge base-pair indels can be added.


                  -r FLOAT  Mutation rate [0.001]

                  -R FLOAT  Fraction of mutations to be indels [0.1]

       simutrain  maq simutrain out.simupars.dat

                  Estimate/train parameters for read simulation.

       simulate   maq simulate [-d insize] [-s stdev] [-N nReads] [-1 readLen1] [-2 readLen2] [-r
                  mutRate] [-R indelFrac] [-h] out.read1.fastq out.read2.fastq in.ref.fasta

                  Simulate paired end reads. File in.simupars.dat determines the read lengths and
                  quality distribution. It is generated from simutrain, or can be downloaded from
                  Maq website. In the output read files, a read name consists of the reference
                  sequence name and the outer coordinates of the pair of simulated reads. By
                  default, simulate assumes reads come from a diploid sequence which is generated
                  by adding two different sets of mutations, including one base-pair indels, to


                  -d INT   mean of the outer distance of insert sizes [170]

                  -s INT   standard deviation of insert sizes [20]

                  -N INT   number of pairs of reads to be generated [1000000]

                  -1 INT   length of the first read [set by in.simupars.dat]

                  -2 INT   length of the second read [set by in.simupars.dat]

                  -r FLOAT mutation rate [0.001]

                  -R FLOAT fraction of 1bp indels [0.1]

                  -h       add all mutations to in.ref.fasta and generate reads from the single
                           mutated sequence (haploid mode)


                  * Reads generated from this command are independent, which deviates from the
                    truth. Whereas alignment evaluation is less affected by this, evaluation on
                    SNP calling should be performed with caution. Error dependency may be one of
                    the major causes of wrong SNP calls.

       simustat   maq simustat > out.simustat

                  Evaluate mapping qualities from simulated reads.

       SOLiD Related

       fasta2csfa maq fasta2csfa in.nucl-ref.fasta > out.colour-ref.fasta

                  Convert nucleotide FASTA to colour-coded FASTA. Flag -c should be then applied
                  to map command. In the output, letter `A' stands for color 0, `C' for 1, `G'
                  for 2 and `T' for 3. Each sequence in the output is 1bp shorter than the input.

       csmap2nt   maq csmap2nt in.ref.nt.bfa

                  Convert color alignment to nucleotide alignment. The input in.ref.nt.bfa is the
                  nucleotide binary FASTA reference file. It must correspond to the original file
                  from which the color reference is converted. Nucleotide consensus can be called
                  from the resultant alignment.

       Miscellaneous/Advanced Commands

       submap     maq submap [-q minMapQ] [-Q maxSumErr] [-m maxMM] [-p]

                  Filter bad alignments in Command-line options are described in the
                  `assemble' command.

       eland2maq  maq eland2maq [-q defqual] in.list in.eland

                  Convert eland alignment to maq's .map format. File in.list consists of the
                  sequence names that appear at the seventh column of the eland alignment file
                  in.eland and the name you expect to see in maq alignment. The following is an

                    cX.fa chrX
                    c1.fa chr1
                    c2.fa chr2

                  If you are aligning reads in several batches using eland, it is important to
                  use the same in.list for the conversion. In addition, maq will load all the
                  alignments and sort them in the memory. If you have concatenate several eland
                  outputs into one huge file, you should separate it into smaller files to
                  prevent maq from eating all your machine memory.

                  This command actually aims to show Eland alignment in Maqview. As no quality
                  information is available, the resultant maq alignment file should not be used
                  to call consensus genotypes.

       export2maq maq export2maq [-1 read1len] [-2 read2len] [-a maxdist] [-n] in.list

                  Convert Illumina's Export format to Maq's .map format. Export format is a new
                  alignment format since SolexaPipeline-0.3.0 which also calculates mapping
                  qualities like maq. The resultant file can be used to call consensus genotypes
                  as most of necessary information is available for maq to do this accurately.


                  -1 INT   Length of the first read [0]

                  -2 INT   Length of the second read [0]

                  -a INT   Maximum outer distance for a correct read pair [250]

                  -n       Retain filtered reads


       demo demo [-h] [-s] [-N nPairs] [-d outDir] in.fasta in.simudat

                  Demonstrate the use of maq and its companion scripts. This command will
                  simulate reads from a FASTA file in.fasta. The sequence length and qualities
                  are determined by in.simudat which is generated from maq simutrain or can be
                  downloaded from Maq website. The simulated reads will then be mapped with
         easyrun. The alignment accuracy is evaluated by maq simustat, the
                  consensus accuracy by maq simucns, and the SNP accuracy by

                  By default, paired end reads will be simulated and a diploid sequence will be
                  generated from the input by adding mutations to either haploid type. The insert
                  size and mutation rate are controlled by maq simulate.


                  -h       simulate a haploid sequence instead of a diploid sequence

                  -s       use single-end mode to align reads instead of paired-end mode

                  -N INT   number of pairs of reads to be simulated [1000000]

                  -d DIR   output directory [maqdemo]


                  * The output files from have not been documented, but you may make
                    a good guess at some of these files.

                  * This command just demonstrates the use of the maq suite. The accuracy on real
                    data is almost always lower than what you see from pure simulation.

       easyrun easyrun [-1 read1Len] [-d out.dir] [-n nReads] [-A 3adapter] [-e minDep]
                  [-q minCnsQ] [-p] [-2 read2Len] [-a maxIns] [-S] [-N] in.ref.fasta in1.fastq

                  Analyses pipeline for small genomes. Easyrun command will run most of analyses
                  implemented in maq. By default, easyrun assumes all the input read sequences
                  files are single-end and independent; when -p is specified, two read sequence
                  files are required, one for each end.

                  Several files will be generated in out.dir, among which the following files are
                  the key output:

           final SNP calls with low quality ones filtered out

                  cns.fq          consensus sequences and qualities in the FASTQ format


                  -d DIR   output directory [easyrun]

                  -n INT   number of reads/pairs in one batch of alignment [2000000]

                  -S       apply split-read analysis of short indels (maybe very slow)

                  -N INT   number of haplotypes/strains in the pool (>=2) [2]

                  -A FILE  file for 3'-adapter. The file should contain a single line of sequence

                  -1 INT   length of the first read, 0 for auto [0]

                  -e INT   minimum read depth required to call a SNP (for SNPfilter) [3]

                  -q INT   minimum consensus quality for SNPs in [30]

                  -p       switch to paired end alignment mode

                  -2 INT   length of the second read when -p is applied [0]

                  -a INT   maximum insert size when -p is applied [250]


                  * For SNP calling on pooled samples, users should set correct `-N' as well as
                    `-E 0'.

                  * The input file can be maq's binary format. will automatically detect
                    the file format.

       SNPfilter SNPfilter [-d minDep] [-D maxDep] [-Q maxMapQ] [-q minCnsQ] [-w
                  indelWinSize] [-n minNeiQ] [-F in.indelpe] [-f in.indelsoa] [-s minScore] [-m
                  maxAcross] [-a] [-N maxWinSNP] [-W densWinSize] in.cns2snp.snp >

                  Rule out SNPs that are covered by few reads (specified by -d), by too many
                  reads (specified by -D), near (specified by -w) to a potential indel, falling
                  in a possible repetitve region (characterized by -Q), or having low-quality
                  neighbouring bases (specified by -n). If maxWinSNP or more SNPs appear in any
                  densWinSize window, they will also be filtered out together.


                  -d INT    Minimum read depth required to call a SNP [3]

                  -D INT    Maximum read depth required to call a SNP (<255, otherwise ignored)

                  -Q INT    Required maximum mapping quality of reads covering the SNP [40]

                  -q INT    Minimum consensus quality [20]

                  -n INT    Minimum adjacent consensus quality [20]

                  -w INT    Size of the window around the potential indels. SNPs that are close
                            to indels will be suppressed [3]

                  -F FILE   The indelpe output [null]

                  -f FILE   The indelsoa output [null]

                  -s INT    Minimum score for a soa-indel to be considered [3]

                  -m INT    Maximum number of reads that can be mapped across a soa-indel [1]

                  -a        Alternative filter for single end alignment

       indelpe indelpe in.indelpe > out.indelpe

                  Correct the number of reads mapped without indels for homopolymer tracts. This
                  command modify the 4th, 10th and the last three columns of in.indelpe and
                  output the result in out.indelpe. After the correction, the following awk
                  command gives putative homozygous indels:

                    awk '($3=="*"⎪⎪$3=="+") && $6+$7>=3 && ($6+$7)/$4>=0.75'

                  and the following gives heterozygotes:

                    awk '($3=="*"⎪⎪$3=="+") && $6+$7>=3 && ($6+$7)/$4<0.75'

                  Please note that this indelpe command just implements several heuristic rules.
                  It does not correct for impure homopolymer runs or di-nucleotide/triplet
                  repeats. Consequently, the two awk commands only give approximate hom/het


       • Easyrun script:
  easyrun -d easyrun ref.fasta part1.fastq part2.fastq

       • Key commands behind easyrun:
           maq fasta2bfa ref.fasta ref.bfa;
           maq fastq2bfq part1.fastq part1.bfq;
           maq fastq2bfq part2.fastq part2.bfq;
           maq map ref.bfa part1.bfq;
           maq map ref.bfa part2.bfq;
           maq mapmerge;
           maq assemble cns.cns ref.bfa;


       GNU General Public License, version 3 (GPLv3)




       Heng Li <>