Provided by: minicom_2.7-1+deb8u1build0.14.04.1_amd64 bug


       minicom - friendly serial communication program


       minicom [options] [configuration]


       minicom  is  a  communication program which somewhat resembles the shareware program TELIX
       but is free with source code  and  runs  under  most  Unices.   Features  include  dialing
       directory  with  auto-redial,  support  for  UUCP-style  lock  files  on serial devices, a
       separate script language interpreter, capture to  file,  multiple  users  with  individual
       configurations, and more.


       -s, --setup
            Setup.   Root  edits  the  system-wide  defaults in /etc/minicom/minirc.dfl with this
            option.  When it is used, minicom does not initialize, but puts you directly into the
            configuration  menu.  This  is very handy if minicom refuses to start up because your
            system has changed, or for  the  first  time  you  run  minicom.  For  most  systems,
            reasonable defaults are already compiled in.

       -o, --noinit
            Do  not  initialize. Minicom will skip the initialization code.  This option is handy
            if you quit from minicom without resetting, and then want to restart a session. It is
            potentially  dangerous though: no check for lock files etc. is made, so a normal user
            could interfere with things like UUCP... maybe this will be taken out later. For  now
            it  is assumed, that users who are given access to a modem are responsible enough for
            their actions.

       -m, --metakey
            Override command-key with the Meta or ALT key. This is the default in 1.80 and it can
            also  be configured in one of minicom's menus, but if you use different terminals all
            the time, of which some don't have a Meta or ALT key, it's handy to set  the  default
            command key to Ctrl-A and use this option when you have a keyboard supporting Meta or
            ALT keys. Minicom assumes that your Meta key sends the  ESC  prefix,  not  the  other
            variant that sets the highest bit of the character.

       -M, --metakey8
            Same  as  -m,  but  assumes that your Meta key sets the 8th bit of the character high
            (sends 128 + character code).

       -z, --statline
            Use terminal status line. This only works on terminals that support it and that  have
            the relevant information in their termcap or terminfo database entry.

       -l, --ansi
            Literal  translation  of characters with the high bit set. With this flag on, minicom
            will try to translate the IBM line characters to  ASCII.  Many  PC-unix  clones  will
            display  character  correctly  without translation (Linux in a special mode, Coherent
            and SCO).

       -L, --iso
            Ditto but assume screen uses an ISO8859 character set.

       -w, --wrap
            Turns line-wrap on at startup by default.

       -H, --displayhex
            Turn on output in hex mode.

       -a, --attrib=on/off
            Attribute usage. Some terminals, notably Televideo's, have rotten attribute  handling
            (serial  instead of parallel). By default, minicom uses '-a on', but if you are using
            such a terminal you can (must!)  supply the option '-a off'.  The  trailing  'on'  or
            'off' is needed.

       -t, --term=TERM
            Terminal  type. With this flag, you can override the environment TERM variable.  This
            is handy for use in the MINICOM  environment  variable;  one  can  create  a  special
            termcap entry for use with minicom on the console, that initializes the screen to raw
            mode so that in conjunction with the -l flag, the IBM line characters  are  displayed

       -c, --color=on/off
            Color  usage.  Some  terminals  (such  as  the  Linux console) support color with the
            standard ANSI escape sequences. Because there is apparently no  termcap  support  for
            color,  these  escape sequences are hard-coded into minicom. Therefore this option is
            off by default.  You can turn it on with '-c on'. This, and the '-m' option, are good
            candidates to put into the MINICOM environment variable.

       -S, --script=SCRIPT
            script.   Run the named script at startup. So far, passing username and password to a
            startup script is not supported. If you also use the -d option to  start  dialing  at
            startup, the -S script will be run BEFORE dialing the entries specified with -d.

       -d, --dial=ENTRY
            Dial an entry from the dialing directory on startup. You can specify an index number,
            but also a substring of the name of the  entry.  If  you  specify  a  name  that  has
            multiple  entries  in  the  directory,  they are all tagged for dialing. You can also
            specify multiple names or index numbers by separating them with commas.  The  dialing
            will  start  from  the  first  entry specified after all other program initialization
            procedures are completed.

       -p, --ptty=TTYP
            Pseudo terminal to use. This overrides the terminal port defined in the configuration
            files,  but  only  if  it  is a pseudo TTY. The filename supplied must be of the form
            (/dev/)tty[p-z/][0-f], (/dev/)pts[p-z/][0-f] or (/dev/)pty[p-z/][0-f].  For  example,
            /dev/ttyp1, pts/0 or /dev/ptyp2.

       -C, --capturefile=FILE
            filename.  Open capture file at startup.

       -F, --statlinefmt
            Format for the status line. The following format specifier are available:
               %H  Escape key for help screen.
               %V  Version string of minicom.
               %b  Information on connection, such as baud rate.
               %T  Terminal type.
               %C  Cursor mode.
               %D  Device path, possibly shorted to remaining available space.
               %t  Online time.
               %%  % character.

            Example: "%H for help | %b | Minicom %V | %T | %C | %t"

       -b, --baudrate
            Specify the baud rate, overriding the value given in the configuration file.

       -D, --device
            Specify the device, overriding the value given in the configuration file.

       -R, --remotecharset
            Specify  the  character  set  of  the  remote  system  is using and convert it to the
            character set of the local side. Example might be 'latin1'.

       -7, --7bit
            7bit mode for terminals which aren't 8bit capable. 8bit is default if the environment
            is configured for this via LANG or LC_ALL, 7bit otherwise.

       -8, --8bit
            8bit  characters  pass  through  without  any  modification.   'Continuous'  means no
            locate/attribute  control   sequences   are   inserted   without   real   change   of
            locate/attribute.  This  mode  is  to  display  8bit  multi-byte  characters  such as
            Japanese. Not needed in every language with 8bit characters. (For example  displaying
            Finnish text doesn't need this.)

       -h, --help
            Display help and exit.

       -v, --version
            Print the minicom version.

            When  minicom starts, it first searches the MINICOM environment variable for command-
            line arguments, which can be over-ridden on the command line.  Thus, if you have done

                 MINICOM='-m -c on'
                 export MINICOM
            or the equivalent, and start minicom, minicom will assume that your  terminal  has  a
            Meta  or  <ALT>  key and that color is supported.  If you then log in from a terminal
            without color support, and  you  have  set  MINICOM  in  your  startup  (.profile  or
            equivalent)  file,  and  don't want to re-set your environment variable, you can type
            'minicom -c off' and run without color support for that session.

            The configuration argument is more interesting. Normally, minicom gets  its  defaults
            from  a file called "minirc.dfl". If you however give an argument to minicom, it will
            try to get its defaults from a file called "minirc.configuration".  So it is possible
            to  create  multiple  configuration  files, for different ports, different users etc.
            Most sensible is to use device names, such as  tty1,  tty64,  sio2  etc.  If  a  user
            creates  his  own  configuration  file,  it  will  show  up  in his home directory as
            ".minirc.dfl" or ".minirc.configuration".


       Minicom is window based. To pop-up a window with the function you  want,  press  Control-A
       (from  now on, we will use C-A to mean Control-A), and then the function key (a-z or A-Z).
       By pressing C-A first and then 'z', a help screen comes up with a  short  summary  of  all
       commands.  This escape key can be altered when minicom is configured (-s option or C-A O),
       but we'll stick to Control-A for now.

       For every menu the next keys can be used:
       UP     arrow-up or 'k'
       DOWN   arrow-down or 'j'
       LEFT   arrow-left or 'h'
       RIGHT  arrow-right or 'l'
       CHOOSE Enter
       CANCEL ESCape.

       The screen is divided into two portions: the upper  24  lines  are  the  terminal-emulator
       screen.  In  this  window,  ANSI or VT100 escape sequences are interpreted.  If there is a
       line left at the bottom, a status line is placed there.   If  this  is  not  possible  the
       status  line  will  be  showed  every time you press C-A. On terminals that have a special
       status line that will be used if the termcap information is complete and the -k  flag  has
       been given.

       Possible commands are listed next, in alphabetical order.
       C-A  Pressing  C-A  a  second time will just send a C-A to the remote system.  If you have
            changed your "escape character" to something other than C-A, this  works  analogously
            for that character.
       A    Toggle  'Add Linefeed' on/off. If it is on, a linefeed is added before every carriage
            return displayed on the screen.
       B    Gives you a scroll back buffer. You can scroll up with u, down with d, a page up with
            b,  a page down with f, and if you have them the arrow and page up/page down keys can
            also be used. You can search for text in the buffer  with  s  (case-sensitive)  or  S
            (case-insensitive).  N  will  find  the  next occurrence of the string.  c will enter
            citation mode. A text cursor appears and you specify the start line by hitting  Enter
            key. Then scroll back mode will finish and the contents with prefix '>' will be sent.
       C    Clears the screen.
       D    Dial a number, or go to the dialing directory.
       E    Toggle local echo on and off (if your version of minicom supports it).
       F    A break signal is sent to the modem.
       G    Run script (Go). Runs a login script.
       H    Hangup.
       I    Toggle  the  type  of  escape  sequence  that the cursor keys send between normal and
            applications mode. (See also the comment about the status line below).
       J    Jump to a shell. On return, the whole screen will be redrawn.
       K    Clears the screen, runs kermit and redraws the screen upon return.
       L    Turn Capture file on off. If turned on,  all  output  sent  to  the  screen  will  be
            captured in the file too.
       M    Sends  the modem initialization string. If you are online and the DCD line setting is
            on, you are asked for confirmation before the modem is initialized.
       N    Toggle between three states, whether each line is  prefixed  with  current  date  and
            time, a timestamp is added every second, or no timestamps.
       O    Configure minicom. Puts you in the configuration menu.
       P    Communication  Parameters.  Allows  you  to change the bps rate, parity and number of
       Q    Exit minicom without resetting the modem. If macros changed and were not  saved,  you
            will have a chance to do so.
       R    Receive  files.  Choose  from  various protocols (external). If you have the filename
            selection window and  the  prompt  for  download  directory  enabled,  you'll  get  a
            selection  window  for choosing the directory for downloading. Otherwise the download
            directory defined in the Filenames and paths menu will be used.
       S    Send files. Choose the protocol like you do with the receive command.  If  you  don't
            have  the  filename  selection  window enabled (in the File transfer protocols menu),
            you'll just have to write the filename(s)  in  a  dialog  window.  If  you  have  the
            selection  window  enabled, a window will pop up showing the filenames in your upload
            directory. You can tag and untag filenames by pressing spacebar, and move the  cursor
            up  and  down  with  the  cursor  keys  or  j/k.  The  selected  filenames  are shown
            highlighted. Directory names are shown [within brackets] and you can move up or  down
            in  the  directory  tree  by  pressing the spacebar twice. Finally, send the files by
            pressing ENTER or quit by pressing ESC.
       T    Choose Terminal emulation: Ansi(color) or vt100.  You can also change  the  backspace
            key  here,  turn  the status line on or off, and define delay (in milliseconds) after
            each newline if you need that.
       W    Toggle line-wrap on/off.
       X    Exit minicom, reset modem. If macros changed and were not  saved,  you  will  have  a
            chance to do so.
       Y    Paste a file. Reads a file and sends its contests just as if it would be typed in.
       Z    Pop up the help screen.


       By  pressing  C-A  D  the  program  puts you in the dialing directory. Select a command by
       pressing the capitalized letter or moving cursor right/left with the arrow keys or the h/l
       keys  and pressing Enter. You can add, delete or edit entries and move them up and down in
       the directory list. By choosing "dial" the phone numbers of  the  tagged  entries,  or  if
       nothing  is tagged, the number of the highlighted entry will be dialed. While the modem is
       dialing, you can press escape to cancel dialing. Any other key will close the dial window,
       but  won't  cancel  the dialing itself. Your dialing directory will be saved into the file
       ".dialdir" in your home directory.  You can scroll up and down with the  arrow  keys,  but
       you  can  also scroll complete pages by pressing the PageUp or PageDown key.  If you don't
       have those, use Control-B (Backward) and Control-F (Forward). You can use the space bar to
       tag  a number of entries and minicom will rotate trough this list if a connection can't be
       made. A '>' symbol is drawn in the directory before the names of the tagged entries.

       The "edit" menu speaks for itself, but I will discuss it briefly here.
       A - Name  The name for this entry
       B - Number
                 and its telephone number.
       C - Dial string #
                 Which specific dial string you want to use to connect. There are three different
                 dial  strings  (prefixes  and  suffixes) that can be configured in the Modem and
                 dialing menu.
       D - Local echo
                 can be on or off for this system (if your version of minicom supports it).
       E - Script
                 The script that must be executed after a successful connection is made (see  the
                 manual for runscript)
       F - Username
                 The  username  that  is  passed  to  the runscript program.  It is passed in the
                 environment string "$LOGIN".
       G - Password
                 The password is passed as "$PASS".
       H - Terminal Emulation
                 Use ANSI or VT100 emulation.
       I - Backspace key sends
                 What code (Backspace or Delete) the backspace key sends.
       J - Linewrap
                 Can be on or off.
       K - Line settings
                 Bps rate, bits, parity and number of stop bits to use for this connection.   You
                 can  choose  current  for the speed, so that it will use whatever speed is being
                 used at that moment (useful if you have multiple modems).
       L - Conversion table
                 You may specify a character conversion table to be loaded  whenever  this  entry
                 answers, before running the login script. If this field is blank, the conversion
                 table stays unchanged.
       The edit menu also shows the latest date and time when you called this entry and the total
       number  of  calls  there, but doesn't let you change them.  They are updated automatically
       when you connect.

       The moVe command lets you move the highlighted entry up or down in the  dialing  directory
       with  the  up/down  arrow  keys  or the k and j keys. Press Enter or ESC to end moving the


       By pressing C-A O you will be thrown into the setup menu.

       Filenames and paths
         This menu defines your default directories.
         A - Download directory
              where the downloaded files go to.
         B - Upload directory
              where the uploaded files are read from.
         C - Script directory
              Where you keep your login scripts.
         D - Script program
              Which  program  to  use  as  the  script  interpreter.  Defaults  to  the   program
              "runscript",  but if you want to use something else (eg, /bin/sh or "expect") it is
              possible.  Stdin and stdout are connected to the modem, stderr to the screen.
              If the path is relative (ie, does not start with a slash)  then  it's  relative  to
              your home directory, except for the script interpreter.
         E - Kermit program
              Where  to find the executable for kermit, and it's options. Some simple macro's can
              be used on the command line: '%l' is expanded to the complete filename of the  dial
              out-device,  '%f'  is  expanded  to  the  serial  port  file descriptor and '%b' is
              expanded to the current serial port speed.
         F - Logging options
              Options to configure the logfile writing.

              A - File name
                   Here you can enter the name of the logfile. The file will be written  in  your
                   home  directory,  and  the  default  value is "minicom.log".  If you blank the
                   name, all logging is turned off.

              B - Log connects and hangups
                   This option defines whether or not the logfile is written when the remote  end
                   answers  the call or hangs up. Or when you give the hangup command yourself or
                   leave minicom without hangup while online.

              C - Log file transfers
                   Do you want log entries of receiving and sending files.
         The 'log' command in the scripts is not affected by logging options  B  and  C.   It  is
         always executed, if you just have the name of the log file defined.

       File Transfer Protocols
         Protocols defined here will show up when C-A s/r is pressed.  "Name" in the beginning of
         the line is the name that will show up in  the  menu.  "Program"  is  the  path  to  the
         protocol.  "Name" after that defines if the program needs an argument, e.g. a file to be
         transmitted. U/D defines if this entry should show up in  the  upload  or  the  download
         menu.   Fullscr defines if the program should run full screen, or that minicom will only
         show it's stderr in a window. IO-Red defines if  minicom  should  attach  the  program's
         standard  in  and  output to the modem port or not. "Multi" tells the filename selection
         window whether or not the protocol can send multiple files with one command. It  has  no
         effect  on download protocols, and it is also ignored with upload protocols if you don't
         use the filename selection window. The old sz and rz are not full screen, and  have  IO-
         Red  set. However, there are curses based versions of at least rz that do not want their
         stdin and stdout redirected, and run full screen.  All file transfer protocols  are  run
         with  the UID of the user, and not with UID=root. '%l', '%f' and '%b' can be used on the
         command line as with kermit.  Within this menu you can also define if you  want  to  use
         the  filename  selection window when prompted for files to upload, and if you like to be
         prompted for the download directory every time the automatic download is started. If you
         leave the download directory prompt disabled, the download directory defined in the file
         and directory menu is used.

       Serial port setup
         A - Serial device
              /dev/tty1 or /dev/ttyS1 for most  people.   /dev/cua<n>  is  still  possible  under
              GNU/Linux, but no longer recommended as these devices are obsolete and many systems
              with kernel 2.2.x or newer don't have them.  Use  /dev/ttyS<n>  instead.   You  may
              also have /dev/modem as a symlink to the real device.
              If  you  have  modems connected to two or more serial ports, you may specify all of
              them here in a list separated by space, comma or semicolon. When Minicom starts, it
              checks  the list until it finds an available modem and uses that one. (However, you
              can't specify different init strings to them... at least not yet.)
              To use a UNIX socket for communication  the  device  name  must  be  prefixed  with
              "unix#"  following  by  the full path and the filename of the socket.  Minicom will
              then try to connect to this socket as a client. As long as it cannot connect to the
              socket  it  stays  'offline'.  As  soon as the connection establishes, minicom goes
              'online'. If the server closes the socket, minicom switches to 'offline' again.
         B - Lock file location
              On most systems This should be /usr/spool/uucp. GNU/Linux systems use /var/lock. If
              this directory does not exist, minicom will not attempt to use lockfiles.
         C - Callin program
              If you have a uugetty or something on your serial port, it could be that you want a
              program to be run to switch the modem cq. port into dialin/dialout  mode.  This  is
              the program to get into dialin mode.
         D - Callout program
              And this to get into dialout mode.
         E - Bps/Par/Bits
              Default parameters at startup.

         If  one  of  the  entries is left blank, it will not be used. So if you don't care about
         locking, and don't have a getty running on your modemline, entries B - D should be  left

       Modem and Dialing
         Here, the parameters for your modem are defined. I will not explain this further because
         the defaults are for generic Hayes modems, and should work always. This file  is  not  a
         Hayes  tutorial  :-)  The  only things worth noticing are that control characters can be
         sent by prefixing them with a '^', in which '^^' means '^' itself, and the '\' character
         must  also  be  doubled  as  '\\',  because  backslash  is  used  specially in the macro
         definitions.  Some options however, don't have much to do with the modem but  more  with
         the behaviour of minicom itself:
         M - Dial time
              The number of seconds before minicom times out if no connection is established.
         N - Delay before redial
              Minicom will redial if no connection was made, but it first waits some time.
         O - Number of tries
              Maximum number of times that minicom attempts to dial.
         P - Drop DTR time
              If  you set this to 0, minicom hangs up by sending a Hayes-type hangup sequence. If
              you specify a non-zero value, the hangup will be done by dropping the DTR line. The
              value tells in seconds how long DTR will be kept down.
         Q - Auto bps detect
              If  this  is on, minicom tries to match the dialed party's speed.  With most modern
              modems this is NOT desirable, since the modem buffers the  data  and  converts  the
         R - Modem has DCD line
              If  your  modem,  and  your  O/S both support the DCD line (that goes 'high' when a
              connection is made) minicom will use it. When you have this option on, minicom will
              also NOT start dialing while you are already online.
         S - Status line shows DTE speed / line speed
              You  can  toggle  the  status  line  to  show either the DTE speed (the speed which
              minicom uses to communicate with your modem) or the line speed (the speed that your
              modem  uses  on the line to communicate with the other modem). Notice that the line
              speed may change during the connection, but you will still  only  see  the  initial
              speed  that  the  modems  started  the  connection  with. This is because the modem
              doesn't tell the program if the speed is changed. Also, to see the line speed,  you
              need  to  have  the modem set to show it in the connect string.  Otherwise you will
              only see 0 as the line speed.
         T - Multi-line untag
              You can toggle the feature to untag entries  from  the  dialing  directory  when  a
              connection is established to a multi-line BBS. All the tagged entries that have the
              same name are untagged.

            Note that a special exception is made for  this  menu:  every  user  can  change  all
            parameters here, but some of them will not be saved.

       Screen and keyboard
         A - Command key is
              the  'Hot  Key' that brings you into command mode. If this is set to 'ALT' or 'meta
              key', you can directly call commands by alt-key instead of HotKey-key.
         B - Backspace key sends
              There still are some systems that want a VT100 to send DEL instead of BS. With this
              option you can enable that stupidity.  (Eh, it's even on by default...)
         C - Status line is
              Enabled  or  disabled.  Some  slow  terminals  (for example, X-terminals) cause the
              status line to jump "up and down" when  scrolling,  so  you  can  turn  it  off  if
              desired. It will still be shown in command-mode.
         D - Alarm sound
              If  turned on, minicom will sound an alarm (on the console only) after a successful
              connection and when up/downloading is complete.
         E - Foreground Color (menu)
              indicates the foreground color to use for all the configuration windows in minicom.
         F - Background Color (menu)
              indicates the background color to use for all the configuration windows in minicom.
              Note that minicom will not allow you to set foreground and background colors to the
              same value.
         G - Foreground Color (term)
              indicates the foreground color to use in the terminal window.
         H - Background Color (term)
              indicates the background color to use in the terminal  window.  Note  that  minicom
              will not allow you to set foreground and background colors to the same value.
         I - Foreground Color (stat)
              indicates the foreground color to use in for the status bar.
         J - Background Color (stat)
              indicates  the color to use in for the status bar. Note that minicom will allow you
              to set the status bar's foreground and background colors to the  same  value.  This
              will  effectively  make  the status bar invisible but if these are your intentions,
              please see the option
         K - History buffer size
              The number of lines to keep in the history buffer (for backscrolling).
         L - Macros file
              is the full path to the file that holds macros. Macros allow you to define a string
              to  be sent when you press a certain key. In minicom, you may define F1 through F10
              to send up to 256 characters [this is  set  at  compile  time].  The  filename  you
              specify  is  verified  as  soon as you hit ENTER. If you do not have permissions to
              create the specified file, an error message will so indicate and you will be forced
              to re-edit the filename. If you are permitted to create the file, minicom checks to
              see if it already exists. If so, it assumes it's a macro file and reads it  in.  If
              it  isn't,  well, it's your problem :-) If the file does not exist, the filename is
         M - Edit Macros
              opens up a new window which allows you to edit the F1 through F10 macros.
         N - Macros enabled
              - Yes or No. If macros are disabled, the F1-F10 keys will just send the VT100/VT220
              function key escape sequences.
         O - Character conversion
              The  active  conversion  table  filename  is shown here. If you can see no name, no
              conversion is active. Pressing O, you will see the conversion table edit menu.

              Edit Macros
                 Here, the macros for F1 through F10 are defined. The bottom of the window  shows
                 a legend of character combinations that have special meaning.  They allow you to
                 enter special control characters with plain text by prefixing them with  a  '^',
                 in  which  '^^'  means  '^'  itself. You can send a 1 second delay with the '^~'
                 code. This is useful when you are trying to login after  ftp'ing  or  telnet'ing
                 somewhere.   You  can  also  include your current username and password from the
                 phone directory in the macros with '\u' and '\p', respectively. If you need  the
                 backslash  character  in  the macro, write it doubled as '\\'.  To edit a macro,
                 press the number (or letter for F10) and you will be moved to  the  end  of  the
                 macro.  When  editing  the line, you may use the left & right arrows, Home & End
                 keys, Delete & BackSpace, and ESC and RETURN.   ESC  cancels  any  changes  made
                 while ENTER accepts the changes.

              Character conversion
                 Here  you  can  edit the character conversion table. If you are not an American,
                 you know that in many languages there are characters that are  not  included  in
                 the  ASCII  character set, and in the old times they may have replaced some less
                 important characters in ASCII and now they are often represented with  character
                 codes above 127. AND there are various different ways to represent them. This is
                 where you may edit conversion tables  for  systems  that  use  a  character  set
                 different from the one on your computer.

              A - Load table
                   You  probably  guessed  it. This command loads a table from the disk.  You are
                   asked a file name for the table.  Predefined tables .mciso, .mcpc8 and  .mcsf7
                   should  be  included with the program. Table .mciso does no conversion, .mcpc8
                   is to be used for connections with systems that use  the  8-bit  pc  character
                   set,  and  .mcsf7 is for compatibility with the systems that uses the good old
                   7-bit coding to replace the characters {|}[]\ with the diacritical  characters
                   used in Finnish and Swedish.

              B - Save table
                   This one saves the active table on the filename you specify.

              C - edit char
                   This  is  where  you  can  make  your own modifications to the existing table.
                   First you are asked the character value (in decimal) whose conversion you want
                   to change. Next you'll say which character you want to see on your screen when
                   that character comes from the outside world. And then you'll be asked what you
                   want to be sent out when you enter that character from your keyboard.

              D - next screen

              E - prev screen
                   Yeah, you probably noticed that this screen shows you what kind of conversions
                   are active. The screen just is (usually) too small to show the whole table  at
                   once  in  an  easy-to-understand  format. This is how you can scroll the table
                   left and right.

              F - convert capture
                   Toggles whether or not the character conversion table is used when writing the
                   capture file.

       Save setup as dfl
         Save  the parameters as the default for the next time the program is started. Instead of
         dfl, any other parameter name may appear, depending on  which  one  was  used  when  the
         program was started.

       Save setup as..
         Save  the parameters under a special name. Whenever Minicom is started with this name as
         an argument, it will use these parameters. This option is of course privileged to root.

         Escape from this menu without saving.  This can also be done with ESC.

       Exit from minicom
         Only root will see this menu entry, if he/she started minicom with the '-s' option. This
         way, it is possible to change the configuration without actually running minicom.


       The  status line has several indicators, that speak for themselves.  The mysterious APP or
       NOR indicator probably needs explanation. The VT100 cursor  keys  can  be  in  two  modes:
       applications  mode  and cursor mode. This is controlled by an escape sequence. If you find
       that the cursor keys do not work in, say, vi when you're logged in using minicom then  you
       can  see  with  this indicator whether the cursor keys are in applications or cursor mode.
       You can toggle the two with the C-A I key. If the cursor keys then work, it's probably  an
       error in the remote system's termcap initialization strings (is).


       Minicom  has  support  for  local languages. This means you can change most of the English
       messages and other strings to another language by setting the environment variable LANG.


       If minicom is hung, kill it with SIGTERM . (This means  kill  -15,  or  since  sigterm  is
       default, just plain "kill <minicompid>". This will cause a graceful exit of minicom, doing
       resets and everything.  You may kill minicom from a script with the command "! killall  -9
       minicom"  without  hanging  up  the line. Without the -9 parameter, minicom first hangs up
       before exiting.

       Since a lot of escape sequences begin with ESC (Arrow up is ESC [  A),  Minicom  does  not
       know  if  the  escape  character  it  gets  is  you  pressing the escape key, or part of a

       An old version of Minicom, V1.2, solved this in a rather crude way: to get the escape key,
       you had to press it twice.

       As  of  release 1.3 this has bettered a little: now a 1-second timeout is builtin, like in
       vi. For systems that have the select() system call the  timeout  is  0.5  seconds.  And...
       surprise:  a  special  Linux-dependent  hack  :-) was added. Now, minicom can separate the
       escape key and escape-sequences. To see how dirty this was done, look into  wkeys.c.   But
       it works like a charm!


       In Debian GNU/Linux systems, minicom is not setuid root. Users that need to use it have to
       get added to the dialout group in order to use serial port devices.


       Minicom keeps it's configuration files in the directory  /etc/minicom.   You'll  find  the
       demo  files  for  runscript(1),  and  the  examples  of  character  conversion  tables  in
       /usr/share/doc/minicom. The conversion tables are named something like mc.* in the  tables
       subdirectory,  but  you  probably want to copy the ones you need in your home directory as
       something beginning with a dot.





       Please report any bugs to  Thank you!


       The original author of minicom is Miquel van Smoorenburg (   He  wrote
       versions up to 1.75.
       Jukka  Lahtinen  (,  has been responsible for new
       versions since 1.78, helped by some other people, including: wrote the History buffer searching to 1.79.
       Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo (  did  the  internationalization  and  the
       Brazilian Portuguese translations.
       Jim  Seymour  (  wrote  the  multiple  modem  support  and the
       filename selection window used since 1.80.
       Tomohiro Kubota ( wrote the Japanese  translations  and  the  citation
       facility, and did some fixes.
       Gael Queri ( wrote the French translations.
       Arkadiusz Miskiewicz ( wrote the Polish translations.
       Kim Soyoung ( wrote the Korean translations.
       Jork Loeser ( provided the socket extension.

       Most  of  this man page is copied, with corrections, from the original minicom README, but
       some pieces and the corrections are by Michael K. Johnson.

       Jukka Lahtinen ( has added some information of the changes  made  after
       version 1.75.