Provided by: coreutils_8.21-1ubuntu5_amd64 bug


       od - dump files in octal and other formats


       od [OPTION]... [FILE]...
       od [-abcdfilosx]... [FILE] [[+]OFFSET[.][b]]
       od --traditional [OPTION]... [FILE] [[+]OFFSET[.][b] [+][LABEL][.][b]]


       Write  an  unambiguous representation, octal bytes by default, of FILE to standard output.
       With more than one FILE argument, concatenate them in the listed order to form the  input.
       With no FILE, or when FILE is -, read standard input.

       If  first  and  second  call  formats both apply, the second format is assumed if the last
       operand begins with + or (if there are 2 operands) a digit.  An OFFSET  operand  means  -j
       OFFSET.   LABEL  is  the  pseudo-address  at  first byte printed, incremented when dump is
       progressing.  For OFFSET and LABEL, a 0x or 0X prefix indicates hexadecimal; suffixes  may
       be . for octal and b for multiply by 512.

       Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.

       -A, --address-radix=RADIX
              output format for file offsets.  RADIX is one of [doxn], for Decimal, Octal, Hex or

       -j, --skip-bytes=BYTES
              skip BYTES input bytes first

       -N, --read-bytes=BYTES
              limit dump to BYTES input bytes

       -S BYTES, --strings[=BYTES]
              output strings of at least BYTES graphic chars.  3 is implied  when  BYTES  is  not

       -t, --format=TYPE
              select output format or formats

       -v, --output-duplicates
              do not use * to mark line suppression

       -w[BYTES], --width[=BYTES]
              output BYTES bytes per output line.  32 is implied when BYTES is not specified

              accept arguments in third form above

       --help display this help and exit

              output version information and exit

   Traditional format specifications may be intermixed; they accumulate:
       -a     same as -t a,  select named characters, ignoring high-order bit

       -b     same as -t o1, select octal bytes

       -c     same as -t c,  select ASCII characters or backslash escapes

       -d     same as -t u2, select unsigned decimal 2-byte units

       -f     same as -t fF, select floats

       -i     same as -t dI, select decimal ints

       -l     same as -t dL, select decimal longs

       -o     same as -t o2, select octal 2-byte units

       -s     same as -t d2, select decimal 2-byte units

       -x     same as -t x2, select hexadecimal 2-byte units

   TYPE is made up of one or more of these specifications:
       a      named character, ignoring high-order bit

       c      ASCII character or backslash escape

              signed decimal, SIZE bytes per integer

              floating point, SIZE bytes per integer

              octal, SIZE bytes per integer

              unsigned decimal, SIZE bytes per integer

              hexadecimal, SIZE bytes per integer

       SIZE  is  a  number.   For  TYPE  in  [doux],  SIZE  may also be C for sizeof(char), S for
       sizeof(short), I for sizeof(int) or L for sizeof(long).  If TYPE is f, SIZE may also be  F
       for sizeof(float), D for sizeof(double) or L for sizeof(long double).

       Adding  a  z  suffix  to  any type displays printable characters at the end of each output

   BYTES is hex with 0x or 0X prefix, and may have a multiplier suffix:
       b      512

       KB     1000

       K      1024

       MB     1000*1000

       M      1024*1024

       and so on for G, T, P, E, Z, Y.


       od -A x -t x1z -v
              Display hexdump format output

       od -A o -t oS -w16
              The default output format used by od


       Written by Jim Meyering.


       Report od bugs to
       GNU coreutils home page: <>
       General help using GNU software: <>
       Report od translation bugs to <>


       Copyright © 2013 Free Software Foundation, Inc.  License GPLv3+:  GNU  GPL  version  3  or
       later <>.
       This  is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.  There is NO WARRANTY,
       to the extent permitted by law.


       The full documentation for od is maintained as a Texinfo  manual.   If  the  info  and  od
       programs are properly installed at your site, the command

              info coreutils 'od invocation'

       should give you access to the complete manual.