Provided by: osmctools_0.1-2_amd64 bug


       osmfilter - The experimental OSM filters data


       osmfilter options [input file]



       This program filters OpenStreetMap data.

       The input file name must be supplied as command line argument. The  file  must  not  be  a
       stream.  Redirections  from  standard input will not work because the program needs random
       access to the file. You do not need to specify the input format, osmfilter will  recognize
       these  formats:  .osm  (XML),  .osc  (OSM  Change  File),  .osh  (OSM  Full History), .o5m
       (speed-optimized) and .o5c (speed-optimized Change File).

       The output format is .osm by default. If you want a different format,  please  specify  it
       using the appropriate command line parameter.



              All  object  types (nodes, ways and relations) will be kept if they meet the filter
              criteria. Same applies to dependent objects, e.g. nodes in ways, ways in relations,
              relations  in  other  relations.   Please  look  below  for a syntax description of


              Same as above, but just for the specified object types.


              All object types (nodes,  ways  and  relations)  which  meet  the  supplied  filter
              criteria  will be dropped, regardless of meeting the criteria of a keep filter (see
              above).  Please look below for a syntax description of OBJECT_FILTER.


              Same as above, but just for the specified object types.


              The in TAG_FILTER specified tags will be allowed on output.  Please look below  for
              a syntax description of TAG_FILTER.


              Same as above, but just for the specified object types.


              The  specified  tags  will  be  dropped.  This  overrules  the previously described
              parameter --keep-tags.  Please look below for a syntax description of TAG_FILTER.


              Same as above, but just for the specified object types.


              For most applications the author tags are not needed. If you specify  this  option,
              no author information will be written: no changeset, user or timestamp.


              If you want to exclude not only the author information but also the version number,
              specify this option.


              According to the combination of  these  parameters,  no  members  of  the  referred
              section will be written.


              In  case of .osm output format, the program will try to use the same data syntax as
              Osmosis, resp. pbf2osm.


              If you have dropped author information (--drop-author) that data will be  lost,  of
              course.  Some programs however require author information on input although they do
              not need that data.  For  this  purpose,  you  can  fake  the  author  information.
              o5mfiler will write changeset 1, timestamp 1970.


              Same  as  --fake-author,  but  -  if  .osm  xml is used as output format - only the
              version number will be written (version 1).  This is useful if you want to  inspect
              the data with JOSM.


              Some  programs depend on getting longitude/latitude values, even when the object in
              question shall be deleted. With this option you can have osmfilter  to  fake  these
              ... lat="0" lon="0" ...
              Note that this is for XML files only (.osc and .osh).


              Display a short parameter overview.


              Display this help.


              Usually, all member nodes of a way which meets the filter criteria will be included
              as well. Same applies to members  of  included  relations.  If  you  activate  this
              option, all these dependencies between OSM objects will be ignored.


              The output will contain no regular OSM data but only statistics: a list of all used
              keys is assembled. Left to each key, the number  of  occurrences  is  printed.   If
              KEYNAME  is  given,  the program will list all values which are used in connections
              with this key.  You may use wildcard  characters  for  KEYNAME,  but  only  at  the
              beginning and/or at the end. For example:  --out-key=addr:*


              Same as --out-key=, but the list is sorted by the number of occurrences of the keys
              resp. values.


              Data will be written in .osm format. This is the default output format.


              The OSM Change format will be used for output. Please note that OSM  objects  which
              are to be deleted are represented by their ids only.


              For  every  OSM  object,  the appropriate 'visible' tag will be added to meet 'full
              planet history' specification.


              The .o5m  format  will  be  used.  This  format  has  the  same  structure  as  the
              conventional  .osm  format,  but  the  data  are  stored  as binary numbers and are
              therefore much more compact than in .osm format. No packing is  used,  so  you  can
              pack .o5m files using every file packer you want, e.g. lzo, bz2, etc.


              This  is  the change file format of .o5m data format. All <delete> tags will not be
              performed as delete actions but converted into .o5c data format.


              Standard output will be rerouted to the specified file.  If no  output  format  has
              been specified, the program will proceed according to the file name extension.


              osmfilter  uses  a  temporary  file  to  process interrelational dependencies. This
              parameter defines the name prefix. The default value is "osmfilter_tempfile".


              If you want to supply one ore more command line  arguments  by  a  parameter  file,
              please  use  this  option  and  specify  the  file name. Within the parameter file,
              parameters must be separated by empty lines. Line feeds inside a parameter will  be
              converted to spaces.  Lines starting with "// " will be treated as comments.

       -v --verbose

              With  activated  'verbose'  mode,  some statistical data and diagnosis data will be
              displayed.  If -v resp. --verbose is the first parameter  in  the  line,  osmfilter
              will display all input parameters.

       Some  of  the command line arguments need a filter to be specified. This filter definition
       consists of key/val pairs and uses the following syntax:
       "KEY1=VAL1 OP KEY2=VAL2 OP KEY3=VAL3 ..."

              OP is the Boolean operator, it must be either "and" or "or".  As usual, "and"  will
              be  processed  prior  to "or". If you want to influence the sequence of processing,
              you may use brackets to do so. Please note that brackets always must be  padded  by
              spaces.  Example:  lit=yes  and  ( note=a or source=b ) Instead of each "=" you may
              enter one of these comparison operators: != (not equal), <, >, <=, >=  The  program
              will  use  ASCII-alphabetic  comparison unless you compare against a value which is
              starting with a digit.  If there are different possible values for  the  same  key,
              you need to write the key only once. For example:
              "amenity=restaurant =pub =bar"

              It  is allowed to omit the value. In this case, the program will accept every value
              for the defined key. For example:
              "all highway= lit=yes"

              You may use wildcard characters for key or value, but only at the beginning  and/or
              at the end. For example:
              "wikipedia:*=highway=*ary  ref_name=*central*"

              Please  be  careful with wildcards in keys since only the first key which meets the
              pattern will be processed.  There are three special keys which represent object id,
              user  id  and  user name: @id, @uid and @user. They allow you to search for certain
              objects or for edits of specific users.

       The tag filter determines which tags will be kept and which will be not. For example :
       --keep-tags="highway=motorway =primary"

              will not accept "highway" tags  other  than  "motorway"  or  "primary".  Note  that
              neither  the  object itself will be deleted, nor the remaining tags. If you want to
              drop every tag which is not mentioned in a list, use this example:
              all highway= amenity= name=


       To speed-up the process, the program uses some main memory for a hash table.  By  default,
       it  uses  480  MB for storing a flag for every possible node, 90 for the way flags, and 30
       relation flags.  Every byte holds the flags for 8 ID numbers, i.e., in 480 MB the  program
       can store 3840 million flags. As there are less than 1900 million IDs for nodes at present
       (July 2012), 240 MB would suffice.  So, for example, you can decrease the  hash  sizes  to
       e.g. 240, 30 and 2 MB (for relations, 2 flags are needed each) using this option:

       But  keep  in  mind  that  the OSM database is continuously expanding. For this reason the
       program-own default value is higher than shown in the example, and it may  be  appropriate
       to  increase  it  in  the  future.  If you do not want to bother with the details, you can
       enter the amount of memory as a sum, and the  program  will  divide  it  by  itself.   For

       These  1000  MiB  will  be  split  in three parts: 800 for nodes, 150 for ways, and 50 for

       Because we are taking hashes, it is not necessary to provide all the suggested memory; the
       program will operate with less hash memory too.  But, in this case, the border filter will
       be less effective, i.e., some ways and some relations will be  left  in  the  output  file
       although  they  should  have been excluded.  The maximum value the program accepts for the
       hash size is 4000 MiB; If you exceed the  maximum  amount  of  memory  available  on  your
       system, the program will try to reduce this amount and display a warning message.


       When filtering whole OSM objects (--keep...=, --drop...=), the input file must contain the
       objects ordered by their type: first, all nodes nodes, next, all  ways,  followed  by  all

       Usual  .osm, .osc, .o5m and o5c files adhere to this condition. This means that you do not
       have to worry about this limitation. osmfilter will  display  an  error  message  if  this
       sequence is broken.

       The  number  of  key/val  pairs in each filter parameter is limited to 1000, the length of
       each key or val is limited to 100.


       This program is for experimental use. Expect malfunctions and data loss. Do  not  use  the
       program in productive or commercial systems.

       There  is  NO  WARRANTY,  to  the extent permitted by law.  Please send any bug reports to


       osmfilter europe.o5m --keep=amenity=bar -o=new.o5m
       osmfilter a.osm --keep-nodes=lit=yes --drop-ways -o=light.osm
       osmfilter a.osm --keep="place=city or ( place=town and population>=10000 )" -o=b.osm
       osmfilter region.o5m --keep="bridge=yes and layer>=2" -o=r.o5m


       osmconvert(1), osmupdate(1)


       osmfilter was written by Markus Weber

                                          September 2013                             OSMFILTER(1)