Provided by: pulseaudio_4.0-0ubuntu11_amd64 bug


       pulseaudio - The PulseAudio Sound System


       pulseaudio [options]

       pulseaudio --help

       pulseaudio --version

       pulseaudio --dump-conf

       pulseaudio --dump-modules

       pulseaudio --dump-resample-methods

       pulseaudio --cleanup-shm

       pulseaudio --start

       pulseaudio --kill

       pulseaudio --check


       PulseAudio is a networked low-latency sound server for Linux, POSIX and Windows systems.


       -h | --help
              Show help.

              Show version information.

              Load  the  daemon  configuration  file  daemon.conf  (see  below),  parse remaining
              configuration  options  on  the  command  line  and  dump  the   resulting   daemon
              configuration, in a format that is compatible with daemon.conf.

              List available loadable modules. Combine with -v for a more elaborate listing.

              List available audio resamplers.

              Identify  stale PulseAudio POSIX shared memory segments in /dev/shm and remove them
              if possible. This is done implicitly whenever a new daemon starts up  or  a  client
              tries  to  connect  to  a daemon. It should normally not be necessary to issue this
              command by hand. Only available  on  systems  with  POSIX  shared  memory  segments
              implemented via a virtual file system mounted to /dev/shm (e.g. Linux).

              Start  PulseAudio  if  it  is  not  running  yet.  This  is different from starting
              PulseAudio without --start which would fail if PA is already running. PulseAudio is
              guaranteed to be fully initialized when this call returns. Implies --daemon.

       -k | --kill
              Kill  an  already  running  PulseAudio  daemon  of  the calling user (Equivalent to
              sending a SIGTERM).

              Return 0 as return code when the PulseAudio  daemon  is  already  running  for  the
              calling  user,  or non-zero otherwise. Produces no output on the console except for
              errors to stderr.

              Run as system-wide instance instead of per-user. Please  note  that  this  disables
              certain  features  of PulseAudio and is generally not recommended unless the system
              knows no  local  users  (e.g.  is  a  thin  client).  This  feature  needs  special
              configuration and a dedicated UNIX user set up. It is highly recommended to combine
              this with --disallow-module-loading (see below).

       -D | --daemonize[=BOOL]
              Daemonize after startup, i.e. detach from the terminal.

              Fail startup when any of the commands specified in the  startup  script
              (see below) fails.

              Try  to  acquire a high Unix nice level. This will only succeed if the calling user
              has a non-zero RLIMIT_NICE resource limit set (on systems that  support  this),  or
              we're  called SUID root (see below), or we are configure to be run as system daemon
              (see --system above). It is  recommended  to  enable  this,  since  it  is  only  a
              negligible security risk (see below).

              Try  to acquire a real-time scheduling for PulseAudio's I/O threads. This will only
              succeed if the calling user has a non-zero RLIMIT_RTPRIO  resource  limit  set  (on
              systems  that  support  this),  or  we're  called  SUID root (see below), or we are
              configure to be run as system daemon (see --system above).  It  is  recommended  to
              enable this only for trusted users, since it is a major security risk (see below).

              Disallow  module  loading  after  startup.  This  is  a  security  feature since it
              disallows additional module loading during runtime  and  on  user  request.  It  is
              highly  recommended  when  --system  is  used  (see above). Note however, that this
              breaks certain features like automatic module loading on hot plug.

              Terminate the daemon when idle and the specified number of seconds passed.

              Unload autoloaded samples from the  cache  when  the  haven't  been  used  for  the
              specified number of seconds.

              If  an  argument  is  passed,  set  the log level to the specified value, otherwise
              increase the configured verbosity level by one. The log levels are numerical from 0
              to  4,  corresponding  to  error,  warn,  notice, info, debug. Default log level is
              notice, i.e. all log messages with lower  log  levels  are  printed:  error,  warn,

       -v     Increase  the  configured  verbosity  level by one (see --log-level above). Specify
              multiple times to increase log level multiple times.

              Specify the log target. If set to auto (which is  the  default),  then  logging  is
              directed  to  syslog  when  --daemonize  is  passed, otherwise to STDERR. If set to
              file:PATH, logging is directed to the  file  indicated  by  PATH.  newfile:PATH  is
              otherwise  the  same as file:PATH, but existing files are never overwritten. If the
              specified file already exists, a  suffix  is  added  to  the  file  name  to  avoid

              Show source code location in log messages.

              Show timestamps in log messages.

              When  FRAMES is greater than 0, log for each message a stack trace up to the number
              of specified stack frames.

       --p | --dl-search-path=PATH
              Set the search path for dynamic shared objects (plugins).

              Use the specified resampler  by  default  (See  --dump-resample-methods  above  for
              possible values).

              Create a PID file. If this options is disabled it is possible to run multiple sound
              servers per user.

              Do not install  CPU  load  limiter  on  platforms  that  support  it.  By  default,
              PulseAudio  will  terminate  itself  when  it notices that it takes up too much CPU
              time. This is  useful  as  a  protection  against  system  lockups  when  real-time
              scheduling  is  used (see below). Disabling this mechanism is useful when debugging
              PulseAudio with tools like valgrind(1) which slow down execution.

              PulseAudio clients and the server can exchange audio data via POSIX  shared  memory
              segments  (on  systems  that support this). If disabled PulseAudio will communicate
              exclusively over sockets. Please note that data transfer via shared memory segments
              is always disabled when PulseAudio is running with --system enabled (see above).

       -L | --load="MODULE ARGUMENTS"
              Load the specified plugin module with the specified arguments.

       -F | --file=FILENAME
              Run  the  specified  script  on startup. May be specified multiple times to specify
              multiple scripts to be run in order. Combine with -n  to  disable  loading  of  the
              default script (see below).

       -C     Open  a  command  interpreter  on  STDIN/STDOUT  after startup. This may be used to
              configure PulseAudio dynamically during runtime. Equivalent to --load=module-cli.

       -n     Don't load default script  file  (see  below)  on  startup.  Useful  in
              conjunction with -C or --file.


       ~/.config/pulse/daemon.conf,   /etc/pulse/daemon.conf:   configuration  settings  for  the
       PulseAudio daemon. If the version in the user's home directory does not exist  the  global
       configuration file is loaded. See pulse-daemon.conf(5) for more information.

       ~/.config/pulse/,  /etc/pulse/  the  default  configuration script to
       execute when the PulseAudio daemon is started. If the version in the user's home directory
       does  not  exist  the  global  configuration  script is loaded. See for more

       ~/.config/pulse/client.conf, /etc/pulse/client.conf: configuration settings for PulseAudio
       client applications. If the version in the user's home directory does not exist the global
       configuration file is loaded. See pulse-client.conf(5) for more information.


       SIGINT, SIGTERM: the PulseAudio daemon will shut down (Same as --kill).

       SIGHUP: dump a long status report to STDOUT or syslog, depending on the configuration.

       SIGUSR1: load module-cli, allowing runtime reconfiguration via STDIN/STDOUT.

       SIGUSR2: load module-cli-protocol-unix, allowing runtime  reconfiguration  via  a  AF_UNIX
       socket. See pacmd(1) for more information.


       Group  pulse-rt:  if  the  PulseAudio  binary  is marked SUID root, then membership of the
       calling user in this group decides whether real-time and/or  high-priority  scheduling  is
       enabled. Please note that enabling real-time scheduling is a security risk (see below).

       Group  pulse-access:  if  PulseAudio  is  running  as a system daemon (see --system above)
       access is granted to members of this group when  they  connect  via  AF_UNIX  sockets.  If
       PulseAudio is running as a user daemon this group has no meaning.

       User  pulse, group pulse: if PulseAudio is running as a system daemon (see --system above)
       and is started as root the daemon will drop privileges and become a  normal  user  process
       using  this  user and group. If PulseAudio is running as a user daemon this user and group
       has no meaning.


       To minimize the risk of drop-outs during playback it is recommended to run PulseAudio with
       real-time scheduling if the underlying platform supports it. This decouples the scheduling
       latency of the PulseAudio daemon from the system load and is thus the  best  way  to  make
       sure that PulseAudio always gets CPU time when it needs it to refill the hardware playback
       buffers. Unfortunately this is a security risk on most systems, since PulseAudio  runs  as
       user  process,  and  giving  realtime scheduling privileges to a user process always comes
       with the risk that the user misuses it to lock up the system -- which  is  possible  since
       making a process real-time effectively disables preemption.

       To  minimize  the  risk  PulseAudio by default does not enable real-time scheduling. It is
       however recommended to enable it on trusted systems. To  do  that  start  PulseAudio  with
       --realtime  (see  above) or enabled the appropriate option in daemon.conf. Since acquiring
       realtime scheduling is a privileged operation on most systems, some special changes to the
       system  configuration  need  to be made to allow them to the calling user. Two options are

       On newer Linux systems the system resource limit RLIMIT_RTPRIO (see setrlimit(2) for  more
       information) can be used to allow specific users to acquire real-time scheduling. This can
       be configured in /etc/security/limits.conf, a resource limit of 9 is recommended.

       Alternatively, the SUID root bit can be set for the PulseAudio binary.  Then,  the  daemon
       will  drop  root privileges immediately on startup, however retain the CAP_NICE capability
       (on systems that support it), but only if the calling user is a  member  of  the  pulse-rt
       group  (see  above).  For  all  other  users all capabilities are dropped immediately. The
       advantage of this solution is that the  real-time  privileges  are  only  granted  to  the
       PulseAudio daemon -- not to all the user's processes.

       Alternatively, if the risk of locking up the machine is considered too big to enable real-
       time scheduling, high-priority scheduling can  be  enabled  instead  (i.e.  negative  nice
       level).  This  can  be  enabled  by  passing  --high-priority  (see  above)  when starting
       PulseAudio and may also be enabled with the appropriate option  in  daemon.conf.  Negative
       nice  levels  can  only  be enabled when the appropriate resource limit RLIMIT_NICE is set
       (see setrlimit(2) for more information), possibly configured in /etc/security/limits.conf.
       A resource limit of 31 (corresponding with nice level -11) is recommended.


       The  PulseAudio  client  libraries  check  for  the existence of the following environment
       variables and change their local configuration accordingly:

       $PULSE_SERVER: the server string specifying the server to connect to when  a  client  asks
       for a sound server connection and doesn't explicitly ask for a specific server. The server
       string is a list of server addresses separated by whitespace which are tried  in  turn.  A
       server address consists of an optional address type specifier (unix:, tcp:, tcp4:, tcp6:),
       followed by a path or host address. A host address may include an optional port number.

       $PULSE_SINK: the symbolic name of the sink to connect to when a client creates a  playback
       stream and doesn't explicitly ask for a specific sink.

       $PULSE_SOURCE:  the  symbolic  name  of  the  source to connect to when a client creates a
       record stream and doesn't explicitly ask for a specific source.

       $PULSE_BINARY: path of PulseAudio executable to run when server auto-spawning is used.

       $PULSE_CLIENTCONFIG: path of file that shall be read instead of  client.conf  (see  above)
       for client configuration.

       $PULSE_COOKIE:  path  of file that contains the PulseAudio authentication cookie. Defaults
       to ~/.config/pulse/cookie.

       These environment settings take precedence -- if set -- over  the  configuration  settings
       from client.conf (see above).


       The  PulseAudio  Developers  <pulseaudio-discuss  (at) lists (dot) freedesktop (dot) org>;
       PulseAudio is available from


       pulse-daemon.conf(5),, pulse-client.conf(5), pacmd(1)