Provided by: xvfb_1.15.1-0ubuntu2.11_amd64 bug


       xvfb-run - run specified X client or command in a virtual X server environment


       xvfb-run [ options ] command


       xvfb-run  is  a  wrapper  for  the  Xvfb(1x)  command which simplifies the task of running
       commands (typically an X client, or a script containing a  list  of  clients  to  be  run)
       within a virtual X server environment.

       xvfb-run  sets  up  an X authority file (or uses an existing user-specified one), writes a
       cookie to it (see xauth(1x)) and then starts the Xvfb X server as  a  background  process.
       The  process  ID of Xvfb is stored for later use.  The specified command is then run using
       the X display corresponding to the Xvfb server just  started  and  the  X  authority  file
       created earlier.

       When  the command exits, its status is saved, the Xvfb server is killed (using the process
       ID stored earlier), the X authority cookie removed, and the authority file deleted (if the
       user  did  not  specify one to use).  xvfb-run then exits with the exit status of command,
       except in error conditions (see EXIT STATUS below).

       xvfb-run requires the xauth command to function.


       -a, --auto-servernum
              Try to get a free server number, starting at 99, or the argument to --server-num.

       -e file, --error-file=file
              Store output from xauth and Xvfb in file.  The default is /dev/null.

       -f file, --auth-file=file
              Store X authentication data in file.  By  default,  a  temporary  directory  called
              xvfb-run.PID  (where  PID  is  the process ID of xvfb-run itself) is created in the
              directory specified by the environment variable TMPDIR (or /tmp if that variable is
              null  or  unset),  and  the  tempfile(1)  command  is used to create a file in that
              temporary directory called Xauthority.

       -h, --help
              Display a usage message and exit.

       -n servernumber, --server-num=servernumber
              Use servernumber as the server number (but  see  the  -a,  --auto-servernum  option
              above).  The default is 99.

       -l, --listen-tcp
              Enable  TCP  port  listening  in  the  X  server.   For  security reasons (to avoid
              denial-of-service attacks or exploits), TCP port listening is disabled by default.

       -p protocolname, --xauth-protocol=protocolname
              Use protocolname as the X authority protocol to use.  The  default  is  ‘.’,  which
              xauth interprets as its own default protocol, which is MIT-MAGIC-COOKIE-1.

       -s arguments, --server-args=arguments
              Pass  arguments  to the Xvfb server.  Be careful to quote any whitespace characters
              that may occur within arguments to prevent them from  regarded  as  separators  for
              xvfb-run's  own  arguments.   Also,  note  that specification of ‘-nolisten tcp’ in
              arguments may override the function of xvfb-run's own -l, --listen-tcp option,  and
              that  specification of the server number (e.g., ‘:1’) may be ignored because of the
              way  the  X  server  parses  its  argument   list.    Use   the   xvfb-run   option
              -n servernumber, --server-num=servernumber  to  achieve  the  latter function.  The
              default is ‘-screen 0 640x480x8’.

       -w delay, --wait=delay
              Ignored for compatibility with earlier versions.


              indicates the width of the terminal device in character cells.  This value is  used
              for  formatting  diagnostic  messages.   If  not set, the terminal is queried using
              stty(1) to determine its width.  If that fails, a value of ‘80’ is assumed.

       TMPDIR specifies the directory in  which  to  place  xvfb-run's  temporary  directory  for
              storage of the X authority file; only used if the -f or --auth-file options are not


       Unless the -f or --auth-file options are specified, a temporary directory and file  within
       it  are created (and deleted) to store the X authority cookies used by the Xvfb server and
       client(s) run under it.  See tempfile(1).   If  -f  or  --auth-file  are  used,  then  the
       specified  X  authority  file  is  only  written  to, not created or deleted (though xauth
       creates an authority file itself if told to use use that does not already exist).

       An error file with a user-specified name is also created if the -e or --error-file options
       are specifed; see above.


       xvfb-run  uses  its  exit  status  as  well  as  output  to  standard error to communicate

       0      xvfb-run only uses this exit status if the -h, --help  option  is  given.   In  all
              other situations, this may be interpreted as success of the specified command.

       1      Xvfb did not start correctly.

       2      No command to run was specified.

       3      The xauth command is not available.

       4      The  temporary  directory  that was going to be used already exists; since xvfb-run
              produces a uniquely named directory,  this  may  indicate  an  attempt  by  another
              process on the system to exploit a temporary file race condition.

       5      A problem was encountered while cleaning up the temporary directory.

       6      A  problem  was  encountered  while  using  getopt(1)  to  parse  the  command-line


       xvfb-run --auto-servernum --server-num=1 xlogo
              runs the xlogo(1x) demonstration client inside the  Xvfb  X  server  on  the  first
              available server number greater than or equal to 1.

       xvfb-run --server-args="-screen 0 1024x768x24" ico -faces
              runs  the  ico(1x)  demonstration client (and passes it the -faces argument) inside
              the Xvfb X server, configured with a root window of 1024 by 768 pixels and a  color
              depth of 24 bits.

       Note  that  the  demo  X clients used in the above examples will not exit on their own, so
       they will have to be killed before xvfb-run will exit.


       See the Debian Bug Tracking System ⟨⟩.  If you wish to report a
       bug in xvfb-run, please use the reportbug(1) command.


       xvfb-run  was  written  by Branden Robinson and Jeff Licquia with sponsorship from Progeny
       Linux Systems.


       Xvfb(1x), xauth(1x)