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       mcheck, mcheck_check_all, mcheck_pedantic, mprobe - heap consistency checking


       #include <mcheck.h>

       int mcheck(void (*abortfunc)(enum mcheck_status mstatus));

       int mcheck_pedantic(void (*abortfunc)(enum mcheck_status mstatus));

       void mcheck_check_all(void);

       enum mcheck_status mprobe(void *ptr);


       The  mcheck()  function  installs  a  set  of  debugging hooks for the malloc(3) family of
       memory-allocation functions.  These hooks cause certain consistency checks to be performed
       on  the  state  of  the  heap.  The checks can detect application errors such as freeing a
       block of memory more  than  once  or  corrupting  the  bookkeeping  data  structures  that
       immediately precede a block of allocated memory.

       To  be  effective, the mcheck() function must be called before the first call to malloc(3)
       or a related function.  In cases where this is difficult to ensure,  linking  the  program
       with  -mcheck inserts an implicit call to mcheck() (with a NULL argument) before the first
       call to a memory-allocation function.

       The mcheck_pedantic() function  is  similar  to  mcheck(),  but  performs  checks  on  all
       allocated  blocks  whenever one of the memory-allocation functions is called.  This can be
       very slow!

       The mcheck_check_all() function causes an immediate check on all allocated  blocks.   This
       call is effective only if mcheck() is called beforehand.

       If  the  system detects an inconsistency in the heap, the caller-supplied function pointed
       to by abortfunc is invoked with a single argument argument, mstatus, that  indicates  what
       type  of  inconsistency  was detected.  If abortfunc is NULL, a default function prints an
       error message on stderr and calls abort(3).

       The mprobe() function performs a consistency  check  on  the  block  of  allocated  memory
       pointed  to by ptr.  The mcheck() function should be called beforehand (otherwise mprobe()
       returns MCHECK_DISABLED).

       The following list describes the values returned by mprobe()  or  passed  as  the  mstatus
       argument when abortfunc is invoked:

       MCHECK_DISABLED (mprobe() only)
              mcheck()  was  not  called  before the first memory allocation function was called.
              Consistency checking is not possible.

       MCHECK_OK (mprobe() only)
              No inconsistency detected.

              Memory preceding an allocated block was clobbered.

              Memory following an allocated block was clobbered.

              A block of memory was freed twice.


       mcheck() and mcheck_pedantic() return 0 on success, or -1 on error.


       The mcheck_pedantic() and mcheck_check_all() functions are available since glibc 2.2.  The
       mcheck() and mprobe() functions are present since at least glibc 2.0


       These functions are GNU extensions.


       Linking  a  program  with  -lmcheck  and  using  the  MALLOC_CHECK_  environment  variable
       (described in mallopt(3)) cause the same kinds of  errors  to  be  detected.   But,  using
       MALLOC_CHECK_ does not require the application to be relinked.


       The  program  below  calls  mcheck() with a NULL argument and then frees the same block of
       memory twice.  The following shell session demonstrates  what  happens  when  running  the

           $ ./a.out
           About to free

           About to free a second time
           block freed twice
           Aborted (core dumped)

   Program source

       #include <stdlib.h>
       #include <stdio.h>
       #include <mcheck.h>

       main(int argc, char *argv[])
           char *p;

           if (mcheck(NULL) != 0) {
               fprintf(stderr, "mcheck() failed\n");


           p = malloc(1000);

           fprintf(stderr, "About to free\n");
           fprintf(stderr, "\nAbout to free a second time\n");



       malloc(3), mallopt(3), mtrace(3)


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