Provided by: avr-libc_1.8.0-4.1_all bug


       <setjmp.h>: Non-local goto -

       int setjmp (jmp_buf __jmpb)
       void longjmp (jmp_buf __jmpb, int __ret) __ATTR_NORETURN__

Detailed Description

       While the C language has the dreaded goto statement, it can only be used to jump to a
       label in the same (local) function. In order to jump directly to another (non-local)
       function, the C library provides the setjmp() and longjmp() functions. setjmp() and
       longjmp() are useful for dealing with errors and interrupts encountered in a low-level
       subroutine of a program.

           setjmp() and longjmp() make programs hard to understand and maintain. If possible, an
           alternative should be used.

           longjmp() can destroy changes made to global register variables (see faq_regbind).

       For a very detailed discussion of setjmp()/longjmp(), see Chapter 7 of Advanced
       Programming in the UNIX Environment, by W. Richard Stevens.


       #include <setjmp.h>

       jmp_buf env;

       int main (void)
           if (setjmp (env))
               ... handle error ...

           while (1)
              ... main processing loop which calls foo() some where ...


       void foo (void)
           ... blah, blah, blah ...

           if (err)
               longjmp (env, 1);

Function Documentation

   void longjmp (jmp_buf__jmpb, int__ret)
       Non-local jump to a saved stack context.

       #include <setjmp.h>

       longjmp() restores the environment saved by the last call of setjmp() with the
       corresponding __jmpb argument. After longjmp() is completed, program execution continues
       as if the corresponding call of setjmp() had just returned the value __ret.

           longjmp() cannot cause 0 to be returned. If longjmp() is invoked with a second
           argument of 0, 1 will be returned instead.

           __jmpb Information saved by a previous call to setjmp().
           __ret Value to return to the caller of setjmp().

           This function never returns.

   int setjmp (jmp_buf__jmpb)
       Save stack context for non-local goto.

       #include <setjmp.h>

       setjmp() saves the stack context/environment in __jmpb for later use by longjmp(). The
       stack context will be invalidated if the function which called setjmp() returns.

           __jmpb Variable of type jmp_buf which holds the stack information such that the
           environment can be restored.

           setjmp() returns 0 if returning directly, and non-zero when returning from longjmp()
           using the saved context.


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