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       strfmon - convert monetary value to a string


       #include <monetary.h>

       ssize_t strfmon(char *s, size_t max, const char *format, ...);


       The strfmon() function formats the specified amounts according to the format specification
       format and places the result in the character array s of size max.

       Ordinary characters in format are copied to s without conversion.   Conversion  specifiers
       are  introduced by a '%' character.  Immediately following it there can be zero or more of
       the following flags:

       =f     The single-byte character f is used as the numeric fill character (to be used  with
              a left precision, see below).  When not specified, the space character is used.

       ^      Do  not  use  any grouping characters that might be defined for the current locale.
              By default, grouping is enabled.

       ( or + The ( flag indicates that negative amounts should be enclosed between  parentheses.
              The  +  flag  indicates  that  signs should be handled in the default way, that is,
              amounts are preceded by the locale's sign  indication,  for  example,  nothing  for
              positive, "-" for negative.

       !      Omit the currency symbol.

       -      Left justify all fields.  The default is right justification.

       Next,  there may be a field width: a decimal digit string specifying a minimum field width
       in bytes.  The default is 0.  A result smaller than this width is padded with  spaces  (on
       the left, unless the left-justify flag was given).

       Next,  there  may  be a left precision of the form "#" followed by a decimal digit string.
       If the  number  of  digits  left  of  the  radix  character  is  smaller  than  this,  the
       representation is padded on the left with the numeric fill character.  Grouping characters
       are not counted in this field width.

       Next, there may be a right precision of the form "." followed by a decimal  digit  string.
       The  amount  being  formatted  is  rounded  to  the  specified  number  of digits prior to
       formatting.  The default is specified in the frac_digits and int_frac_digits items of  the
       current  locale.   If the right precision is 0, no radix character is printed.  (The radix
       character here is determined by  LC_MONETARY,  and  may  differ  from  that  specified  by

       Finally,  the  conversion  specification  must  be ended with a conversion character.  The
       three conversion characters are

       %      (In this case the entire specification must be exactly "%%".)  Put a '%'  character
              in the result string.

       i      One  argument of type double is converted using the locale's international currency

       n      One argument of type double is  converted  using  the  locale's  national  currency


       The  strfmon()  function  returns  the  number  of  characters  placed in the array s, not
       including the terminating null byte, provided the string, including the  terminating  null
       byte,  fits.  Otherwise, it sets errno to E2BIG, returns -1, and the contents of the array
       is undefined.


       Not in POSIX.1-2001.  Present on several other systems.


       The call

           strfmon(buf, sizeof(buf), "[%^=*#6n] [%=*#6i]",
                   1234.567, 1234.567);


           [ fl **1234,57] [ NLG  **1 234,57]

       in the Dutch locale (with fl for "florijnen"  and  NLG  for  Netherlands  Guilders).   The
       grouping character is very ugly because it takes as much space as a digit, while it should
       not take more than half that, and will no doubt cause confusion.  Surprisingly,  the  "fl"
       is  preceded  and  followed  by  a space, and "NLG" is preceded by one and followed by two
       spaces.  This may be a bug in the  locale  files.   The  Italian,  Australian,  Swiss  and
       Portuguese locales yield

           [ L. **1235] [ ITL  **1.235]
           [ $**1234.57] [ AUD **1,234.57]
           [Fr. **1234,57] [CHF  **1.234,57]
           [ **1234$57Esc] [ **1.234$57PTE ]


       setlocale(3), sprintf(3), locale(7)


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